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    您现在的位置:31省市学位英语网>>北京>>历年试题
2009年4月北京成人学位英语试题和答案
2012-09-29 09:12     来源:31省市学位英语网  [ ]

20094月北京地区成人本科学士学位英语统一考试试卷(A)
第一部分:阅读理解

  Part I Reading Comprehension 30%

  Directions There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A B C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  Passage 1

  Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage

  I hear many parents complain that their teenage children are rebelling. I wish it were so. At your age you ought to be growing away from your parents. You should be learning to stand on your own feet. But take a good look at the present rebellion. It seems that teenagers are all taking the same way of showing that they disagree with their parents. Instead of striking out boldly on their own most of them are holding one another's hands for reassurance (放心)。

  They claim they want to dress as they please. But they all wear the same clothes. They set off in new directions in music. But they all end up listening to the same record. Their reason for thinking or acting in such a way is that the crowd is doing it. They have come out of their cocoon (茧) into a larger cocoon.

  76 It has become harder and harder for a teenager to stand up against the popularity wave and to go his or her own way. Industry has firmly carved out a market for teenagers. These days every teenager can learn from the advertisements what a teenager should have and be. This is a great barrier for the teenager who wants to find his or her own path.

  But the barrier is worth climbing over. The path is worth following. You may want to listen to classical music instead of going to a party. You may want to collect rocks when everyone else is collecting records. You may have some thoughts that you don't care to share at once with your classmates. Well go to it. Find yourself. Be yourself. Popularity will comewith the people who respect you for who you are. That's the only kind of popularity that really counts.

  1. The author's purpose in writing this passage is to tell______.

  A. readers how to be popular with people around
  B. teenagers how to learn to make a decision for themselves
  C. parents how to control and guide their children
  D. people how to understand and respect each other

  2. According to the author many teenagers think they are brave enough to act on their own but in fact most of them______.

  A. have much difficulty understanding each other
  B. lack confidence
  C. dare not cope with any problems alone
  D. are very much afraid of getting lost

  3. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage

  A. There is no popularity that really counts.
  B. Many parents think that their children are challenging their authority.
  C. It is not necessarily bad for a teenager to disagree with his or her classmates.
  D. Most teenagers are actually doing the same.

  4. The author thinks of advertisements as______to teenagers.

  A. inevitable
  B. influential
  C. instructive
  D. attractive

  5. The main idea of the last paragraph is that a teenager should______.

  A. differ from others in as many ways as possible
  B. become popular with others
  C. find his real self
  D. rebel against his parents and the popularity wave

  Passage 2

  Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage

  77 Much unfriendly feeling towards computers has been based on the fear of widespread unemployment resulting from their introduction. Computers are often used as part of automated (自动化) production systems requiring a least possible number of operators causing the loss of many jobs. This has happened for example in many steelworks.

  On the other hand computers do create jobs. They are more skilled and better paid though fewer in number than those they replace. Many activities could not continue in their present formwithout computers no matter how many people are employed. Examples are the check clearing (交换) system of major banks and the weather forecasting system.

  When a firm introduces computers a few people are usually employed in key posts such as jobs of operations managers while other staff are re-trained as operators programmers and data preparation staff. 78 After the new system has settled down people in non-computer jobs are not always replaced when they leave resulting in a decrease in the number of employees. This decrease is sometimes balanced by a substantial increase in the activity of the frim resulting from the introduction of computers.

  The attitudes of workers towards computers vary. There is fear of widespread unemployment and of the takeover of many jobs by computer-trained workers making promotion for older workers not skilled in computers more difficult.

  On the other hand many workers regard the trend toward wider use of computers inevitable. They realize that computers bring about greater efficiency and productivity which will improve the condition of the whole economy and lead to the creation of more jobs. This view was supported by the former British Prime Minister James Callaghan in 1979 when he made the point that new technologies hold the key to increased productivity which will benefit the economy in the long run.

  6. The unfriendly feeling towards computers is developed from______.

  A. the possible widespread unemployment caused by their introduction
  B. their use as part of automated production systems
  C. the least possible number of operators
  D. the production system in steelworks

  7. The underlined wordThey” (Line 1 Par. 2 refers to______.

  A. computers
  B. jobs
  C. activities
  D. systems
  8. According to Paragraph 2 without computers______.

  A. human activities could not continue
  B. there could not be weather forecasting systems
  C. many activities would have to change their present form
  D. banks would not be able to go on with check clearing

  9. According to the passage what results from the introduction of computers

  A. After re-training all employees in the firm get new jobs.
  B. A considerable proportion of people are employed in key posts.
  C. The finn keeps all of its original staff members.
  D. The decrease in staff members may be balanced by the increase of finn activities.

  10. James Callaghan's attitude towards computers can be best described as______.

  A. doubtful
  B. regretful
  C. unfriendly
  D. supportive

  Passage 3

  Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage

  The vitamins necessary for a healthy body are normally supplied by a good mixed diet (饮食) , including a variety of fruits and green vegetables. 79 It is only when people try to live on a very restricted diet that it is necessary to make special provision to supply the missing vitamins.

  An example of the dangers of a restricted diet may be seen in the disease known asberi-beri”。 80 It used to distress large numbers of Eastern peoples who lived mainly on rice. In the early years of this century a scientist named Eijkman was trying to discover the cause of beri-beri”。 At first he thought it was caused by a germ. He was working in a Japanese hospital where the patients were fed on polished rice which had the outer husk (外壳) removed from the grain. It was thought this would be easier for weak and sick people to digest.

  Eijkman thought his germ theory was confmned when he noticed the chickens in the hospital yard which were fed on leftovers

  (剩饭) from the patients' plates were also showing signs of the disease. He then tried to isolate the germ but his experiments were interrupted by a hospital official who declared that the polished rice even though left over by the patients was too good for chickens. It should be recooked for the patients and the chickens should be fed on cheap rice with the outer layer still on the grain.

  Eijkman noticed that the chickens began to recover on the new diet. He began to consider the possibility that eating unpolished rice somehow prevented or cured "beri-beri" —— even that a lackof some element in the husk might be the cause of the disease. Indeed thiswas the case. The element needed to prevent beri-beri was shortly afterwards isolated from Ace husks and is now known as vitamin B. Nowadays this terrible disease is much less common thanks to our knowledge of vitamins.

  11. A good mixed diet______.

  A. normally contains enough vitamins
  B. still needs special provision of vitamins
  C. is suitable for losing weight
  D. is composed of fruits and vegetables

  12. The disease beri-beri______.

  A. kills large numbers of Eastern peoples
  B. is a vitamin deficiency (缺乏) disease
  C. is caused by diseased rice
  D. can be caught from diseased chickens

  13. The chickens Eijkman noticed in the hospital yard______.

  A. couldn't digest the polished rice
  B. proved beri-beri is caused by germs
  C. were later cooked for the patients' food
  D. were suffering frombeA-ben

  14. According to Eijkman polished rice______.

  A. was cheaper than unpolished rice
  B. was less nourishing (有营养的) than unpolished Ace
  C. was more nourishing than unpolished rice
  D. cured beri-beri

  15. The chemical substance missing from polished rice______.

  A. was vitamin B
  B. did not affect the chickens
  C. was named the Eijkman vitamin
  D. has never been accurately identified

第二部分:词汇与语法结构

 Vocabulary and Structure30%

  Directions In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A B C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  16. By no means _____to move to a new place far away from her workplace because it isn't convenient for her family and herself.

  A. Jane will agree
  B. will Jane agree
  C. Jane will disagree
  D. will Jane disagree

  17. You can _____ the sky is clear see as far as the old temple on top of the mountain but not today.

  A. when
  B. where
  C. though
  D. because

  18. With everything she needed _____ she went out of the shop with her hands full of shopping bags.

  A. bought
  B. to buy
  C. buying
  D. buy

  19. Having taken our seats _____.

  A. the professor began the lecture
  B. the lecture began in no time
  C. we were attracted by the lecturer immediately
  D. the bell announced the beginning of the lecture

  20. In recent years many football clubs _____ as business to make a profit.

  A. have run
  B. have been run
  C. had been run
  D. will run

  21. After 15 years in the United States he has finally decided to_____ American citizenship.

  A. concentrate on
  B. apply for
  C. look out for
  D. appeal on

  22. It is well known that teaching is a job _____ enough patience.

  A. calling on
  B. calling off
  C. calling for
  D. calling in

  23. Surely it doesn't matter where the clubs get their money what_____ is what they do with it.

  A. counts
  B. applies
  C. stresses
  D. functions

  24. I didn't expect to receive a postcard from you It's really _____my wildest imagination.

  A. behind
  B. beyond
  C. except
  D. through

  25. It doesn't make____ to buy that expensive coat when these

  cheaper ones are just as good.

  A. sense
  B. opinion
  C. use
  D. program

  26. The task is too much for me so I can't carry on _____ any longer.I must get some help.

  A. singly
  B. simply
  C. alone
  D. lonely

  27. Americans eat _____vegetables per person today as they did in 1910.

  A. more than twice
  B. as twice as many
  C. twice as many
  D. more than twice as many

  28. The two girls are getting on very well and share _______ with each other.

  A. little
  B. much
  C. some
  D. none

  29. The taxi driver was put in_____prison because his car had knocked down a child. His wife went to_____ prison to see him twice a month.

  A./ /
  B. the the
  C./ the
  D. the /

  30.Without my glasses I can hardly_____ what has been written in the letter.

  A. make for
  B. make up
  C. make out
  D. make over

  31.Her heart _____faster when she entered the exam hall.

  A. jumped
  B. sank
  C. beat
  D. hit

  32. Would you mind keeping an _____ on the house for us while we are away

  A. eye
  B. look
  C. hand
  D. view

  33. I am afraid that his phone number has slipped my _____for the moment.

  A. head
  B. brain
  C. mind
  D. sense

  34. It was the wealth of the_____pioneer landowner John Harvard that made Harvard University possible.

  A. precious
  B. curious
  C. anxious
  D. prosperous

  35. I am not sure whether we can give the right advice _____emergency.

  A. on account of
  B. in case of
  C. at the risk of
  D. in spite of

  36. Vingo was released from prison_____the successful efforts of his friends to prove his innocence.

  A. according to
  B. as a result of
  C. for reasons of
  D. with the help of

  37. Some of the meat came from Canada. How about_____

  A. another
  B. the other
  C. others
  D. the rest

  38. The man has a special talent for art and is_____of a musician.

  A. anybody
  B. anything
  C. somebody
  D. something

  39. I know Jonathan quite well and never doubt_____ he can do a good job of it.

  A. whether
  B. that
  C. when
  D. what

  40. How many more decades will have to pass_____scientists succeed in providing a cure for cancer

  A. when
  B. before
  C. since
  D. until

  41. The engineer is not happy with the project and_____is her boss.

  A. neither
  B. so
  C. either
  D. as

  42. _____ for a long time but he tried his best to catch up with his classmates.

  A. Having been ill
  B. Being ill
  C. Though he was ill
  D. He was ill

  43. How close parents are to their children_____a strong influence on the development of the children's character.

  A. have
  B. has
  C. having
  D. had

  44. He changed his name _____ that nobody would find out what he had done before.

  A. having thought
  B. to think
  C. thinks
  D. thinking

  45. There is so much work _____today Would you be kind enough to lend me a hand

  A. having done
  B. to be done
  C. being done
  D. will be done
Part ldentification 10%

  Directions Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A B C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  46. A (A)container weighs (B) more after air is put in (C), it (D) proves that air has weight.

  47. The young man, to make (A)several attempts to beat (B) the world record in high jumping, decided (C) to have another try.(D)

  48. Of (A)the two coats, I'd choose (B) the cheapest (C) one to spare some money for (D) a book.

  49. The protection of (A)our environment is (B) not nothing (C) to be left to the government. Everyone should be concerned (D).

  50. There are (A) moments in life where(B) you miss someone so much that (C) you just want to (D) pick them up from dreams and hug them for real.

  51. None of (A) us had the final say (B) in this matter, and therefore (C) it was recommended that we waited (D)for the authorities.

  52. AfterA her two-week vacation was over (B), Dorothy regretted to spend (C) so much money for so little pleasure

  53. Don't make (A)Helen's remarks too seriously (B). She is so upset (C) that I don't think she really knows what she is saying (D).

  54. Workers newly arrive (A) from the south or (B)rural areas perform their job differently (C) from those from other sections (D) of the city.

  55. While (A) remembered(B) mainly for the invention (C) of the telephone,Alexander Graham Bell devoted his life to help (D) the deaf.

第四部分:完形填空

  Part IV Cloze 10%

  Directions There are 20 blanks in the following passage and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A B C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose the ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on tire Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  Conversation begins almost the moment we come into contact with another and continues throughout the day  56   the aid of cell phones and computers. However we are so often absorbed inconversation that we   57  sight of its tree purpose and value.

  One important   58   of a good conversation is that the words are   59   used to express thoughts and feelings. We are   60   deep thoughts and strong emotions yet our vocabularies are not   61   for this expression_r_r_r_r and many   62   little effort to expand that. Perhaps you see a movie that   63   you deeply yet you have the following conversation: “So what did you think of the film?” “Oh my God it was so sad I swear. I went through   64   a box of tissues(面巾纸)。 I was in tears.This dialogue is   65   an effective way of expressing feelings. It gives no   66   of how or why the movie truly   67   you. Such commonly-used phrases are certainly not enough to describe a deeply moving experience. However not only   68   try to avoid overused words you must   69   be careful in your selection. The purpose of expanding vocabulary is not to use the   70   or most impressive words but to find those best suited.

  What is lacking in many conversations is the ability to talk to another rather than just talking with that person. A   71   person will find that even in the most ordinary conversations. There are a thousand questions   72   to be asked if you have courage and a desire for exchange. Good conversations should not be   73   nonsense but of a meeting of two   74   the human condition. It should bring a better understanding of others and offer a release of emotions more than drive away   75   thoughts or kill time.

  56. A. for B. at C. under D. with

  57. A. lose B. have C. win D. miss

  58. A. issue B. problem C. aspect D. question

  59. A. funny B. careful C. only D. properly

  60. A. lack of B. short of C. fond of D. full of

  61. A. short B. enough C. much D. bad

  62. A. take B. make C. get D. try

  63. A. teaches B. pushes C. touches D. directs

  64. A. using up B. to use C. used up D. using off

  65. A. partly B. actually C. hardly D. truly

  66. A. sign B. model C. pattern D. fact

  67. A. infected B. infects C. affects D. affected

  68. A. you will B. must you C. you must D. will you

  69. A. too B. never C. also D. yet

  70. A. bigger B. biggest C. big D. important

  71. A. careless B. efficient C. thoughtful D. able

  72. A. waiting B. wait C. waited D. waits

  73. A.make up for B. made up of C.make up of D. made up for

  74. A. are sharing B. shared C. sharing D.shares

  75. A. clever B. pleasant C. unpleasant D. happy

第五部分:翻译

  Part V Translation 20%

  Section A

  Directions In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passage you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.

  76. It has become harder and harder for a teenager to stand up against the popularity wave and to go his or her own way.

  77. Much unfriendly feeling towards computers has been based on the fear of widespread unemployment resulting from their introduction.

  78. After the new system has settled down people in non-computer jobs are not always replaced when they leave resulting in a decrease in the number of employees.

  79. It is only when people try to live on a very restricted diet that it isnecessary to make special provision to supply the missing vitamins.

  80. It used to distress large numbers of Eastern peoples who lived mainly on rice.

  Section B

  Directions In this part there are five sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

  81.他们5年前搬走了,但我们还保持联系。

  82.看起来这封信是在匆忙中写成的。

  83.在得到更多细节之前,我想避免跟他说话。

  84.每当听到这首歌时,我就会想起你。

  85.由于很多学生缺席,我们不得不将会议延期。

【答案】1-5 BBABC 6-10 AACDD 11-15 DBDBA

【答案】16-20 BAACB 21-25 BCABA 26-30 CCBCC 31-35 CACDB 36-40 BDDBB 41-45 ADBDB

【答案】46-50 DACCB 51-55 DCAAD

【答案】56-60 DACDD 61-65 BBCAC 66-70 ACBCB 71-75 CABCC

【答案】

  76、对青少年来说,抵制流行趋势走自己的路变得越来越难。

  77、人们对计算机的敌视态度是由于人们担心因为使用计算机而导致的大规模失业。

  78、当新系统稳当下来之后于计算机无关岗位上的工人离开之后公司不再招收新员工,这导致了雇用人数的减少。

  79、只有在人们的饮食结构受限的时候,人们才需要补充缺失的维生素。

  80、这种疾病困扰着大多数以米饭为主食的东方人。

  81They moved away five years ago, but we still keep in touch.

  82It seems that this letter is written in a hurry.

  83Before getting more details, I thought I should avoid talking with him.

  84Every time hearing this song, I will think of you.

  85Many students being absent, we had to put off the conference.
    或 Due to the absence of many students, we have to put off the meeting.

 

 

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