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2009年11月北京成人学位英语试题和答案
2012-09-29 09:13     来源:31省市学位英语网  [ ]

200911月北京学位英语试题历年试题

2009-12-12

北京地区成人本科学士学位英语统一考试(A)

  Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)

  Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

 资料来源:31省市学位英语网

  Passage 1

 

  Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

 

  According to a recent surv, ey, employees in many companies today work longer hours than employees did in 1979. They also take shorter vacations than employees in 1979. It seems that Americans are working harder today than ever before. Or are they? A management consultant, Bill Meyer, decided to find out. For three days, he observed an investment banker hard at work. Meyer wrote down everything the banker did during his long workday. At the end of the three-day period, Meyer reviewed the banker's activities with him. What did they find out? They discovered that the man spent 80 percent of his time doing unnecessary work. For example, he attended unnecessary meetings, made redundant (多余的) telephone calls, and spent time packing and unpacking his two big briefcases.

  (76) Apparently many people believe that the more time a person spends at work, the more he or she accomplishes. When employers evaluate employees, they often consider the amount of time on the job in addition to job performance. Employees know this. Although many working people can do their job effectively during a regular 40-hour work week, they feel they have to spend more time on the job after normal working hours so that the people who can promote them see them.

  A group of headhunters (猎头) were asked their opinion about a situation. They had a choice of two candidates for an executive position with an important company. The candidates had similar qualifications for the job. For example, they were both reliable. One could do the job well in a 40-hour work week. The other would do the same job in an 80-hour work week just as well. According to a headhunting expert, the 80-hour-a-week candidate would get the job. The time this candidate spends on the job may encourage other employees to spend more time at work, too. Employers believe that if the employees stay at work later, they may actually do more work.

  However, the connection between time and productivity (生产率) is not always positive. (77) In fact. many studies indicate that after a certain point, anyone's productivity and creativity begin to decrease. Some employees are not willing to spend so much extra, unproductive time at the office. Once they finish their work satisfactorily, they want to relax and enjoy themselves. For these people, the solution is to find a company that encourages people to do both.

 

  1. What is the main idea of this passage?

  A. Many people work long hours but do not always do a lot of work.

  B. Most people can get more work done by working longer hours.

  C. Most Americans work 80 hours a week, and some work even longer.

  D. People can make more money by working longer hours.

 

  2. The management consultant wanted to fmd out

  A. how hard the investment banker worked during his work hours

  B. when people spent time doing unnecessary work in their office

  C. if people needed vacation after working hard for a certain period of time

  D. whether Americans were really working harder than they had done before

 

  3. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

  A. The more time a person spends at work, the more he or she accomplishes.

  B.Employers do not judge their employees' job performance according to the amount of working time.

  C. Some people work more than 40 hours a week in the hope of getting promotion.

  D. Allemployees are willing to spend extra time at work.

 

  4. The 80-hour-a-week candidate would get the job because employers believe_____.

  A. that he is more reliable

  B. his example would lead other employees to work longer hours

  C. he has better qualifications

  D. he could encourage other employees to do a better job

 

  5. The expression to do both in the last paragraph is_____.

 

  A. to finish their work satisfactorily and relax and enjoy themselves

  B. to pay attention to both performance and productivity

  C. to work long hours and have short vacations

  D. to relax and enjoy themselves quite frequently

 

[NextPage]

  Passage 2

 

  Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

  Many private institutions of higher education around the country are in danger. Not ail will be saved, and perhaps not all deserve to be saved. There are low-quaiity schools just as there are low-quality businesses. We have no obligation to save them simply because .they exist. But many thriving institutions that deserve to continue are threatened. They are doing a fine job educationally, but they are caught in a financial difficulty, with no way to reduce rising costs or increase revenues (收入) significantly. Raising fees doesn't bring in more revenue, for each time fees go up, the, enrollment (注册人数) goes down, or the mount that must be given away in student aid goes up. (78) Schools are bad businesses, whether rmblic or orivate, not usually because of bad management but because of the nature of the business. They lose money on every customer, and they can go bankrupt either from too few students or too many students. Even a very good college is a very bad business.

  It is such colleges, thriving but threatened, that I worry about. Low enrollment is not their chief problem. Even with full enrollments, they may go under. Efforts to save them, and preferably to keep them private, are a national necessity. (79) There is no basis. for arguing that private schools are bound to be better than public schools. There are plentiful examples to the contrary. Anyone can name state universities and colleges that rank as the finest in the nation and the world. It is now inevitable that public institutions will be dominant, and therefore diversity (多样性) is a national necessity. Diversity in the way we support schools tends to give us a healthy diversity in the forms of education. In ah imperfect society such as ours, uniformity of education throughout the nation could be dangerous, ha an imperfect society, diversity is a positive good. Eager supporters of public higher education know the importance of keeping private higher education healthy.

 

  6. In the passage, the author asks the public to support_____ .

  A. private higher education in general

  B. public higher education in general

  C. high-quality private universities and colleges

  D. high-quality state universities and colleges

  

7. According to the passage, schools are bad businesses because of_____.

  A. the nature of school   B. poor teachers

  C) bad management     D. too few students.

 

  8. The phrase go under in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to _____.

  A. have low fees B. get into difficulties

  C. do a bad ]ob educationally D. have low teaching standards

 

  9.Which of the following statements is TRUE?

  A.There are many cases indicating that private schools are superior to public schools.

  B. The author thinks diversity of education is preferable to uniformity of education.

  C. A high-quality university is always a good business.

  D. Each time fees are raised, the enrollment goes up.

 

  10.In the author's opinion, the way that can save private schools lies in_____.

  A. full enrollment B. raising fees

  C. reducing student aid D. national support

 

 Passage 3

  Questions 11 to 15 are based onthe following passage:

  The fourth-graders atChicago's McCormick Elementary School don't know Chinese is supposed to be hard to learn. For most, who speak Spanish at home, it's becoming their third language. They've been heating and using Chinese words since nursery, and it's natural to give a “ni hao”when strangers enter the classroom.“It's really fun!” says Miranda Lucas, taking a break from a lesson that includes a Chinese interview with Jackie Chan. “I'm teaching my mom to speak Chinese.”

  The classroom scene at McCormick is unusual, but it may soon be a common phenomenon in American schools, where Chinese is rapidly becoming the hot new language. Government officials have long wanted more focus on useful languages like Chinese, and pressure from them -- as well as from business leaders, politicians, and parents -- has produced a quick growth in the number of programs.

  Chicago city officials make their best effort to include Chinese in their public schools. Their program has grown to include 3,000 students in 20 schools, with more schools on a waiting list. Programs have also spread to places like Los Angeles, New York City, and North Carolina. Supporters see knowledge of the Chinese language and culture as an advantagein a global economy where China is growing in importance. “This is an interesting way to begin to engage with the world's next superpower,” says Michael Levine, director of education at the Asia Society, which has started five new public high schools that offer Chinese. “Globalization has already changed the arrangements in terms of how children today are going to think about their careers, The question is when, not whether, the schools are going to adjust.”

  (80) The number of students leaming Chinese is tiny compared with how many study Spanish or French. But one report shows that before-college enrollment (报名人数) nearly quadrupled between 1992 and 2002, from 6,000 to 24,000. Despite the demand, though, developing programs isn't easy. And the No. one difficulty, everyone agrees, is having enough teachers. Finding teacher “is the challenge,” says Scott McGinnis, an academic adviser for a language institute and a Chinese teacher for 15 years at the college level. “Materials are easy comparison. Or getting schools funded.”

 

  11. The best title for this passage might be_____.

 

  A. Next Hot Language to Study: Chinese

  B. Next Hot Language to Study: Spanish

  C.Next Hot Language to Study: French

  D. Chicago Is the Place to Learn Chinese

 

  12. The most difficult thing to do is finding _____.

  A. enough textbooks for the Chinese programs

  B. enough money for the Chinese programs

  C. enough teachers for the Chinese programs

  D. enough students for the Chinese programs

 

  13. We learn from the passage that_____.

  A. Scott McGinnis has been a Chinese teacher for 15 years

  B. Jackie Chan is a Chinese teacher at McCormick Elementary School

  C. Chicago officials ire required to learn Chinese

  D. Scott McGinnis is good at giving his opinions on everything

 

  14. According to the passage, all the following statements are true EXCEPT_____.

  A. the number of students learning Chinese is small

  B. Chinese programs have found their way in several major Cities in the U.S.

  C. g0vernment officials don't like the pressure from business leaders and parents to start Chinese programs

  D. China is becoming more and more influential in the world

 

  15 The word "quadrupled" in the last paragraph is close in meaning tomultiplied by_____.

  A. three times  B. four times C. five times   D. six times

 

[NextPage]

  Part Vocabulary and Structure (30%)

  Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the Corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

 

  16. The driver was at______loss when______word came that he was  forbidden to drive for speeding.

  A. a; /   B. a; the  C. the; the   D./; /

  17. My uncle's house in the downtown area is much smaller than ours, but it is twice______expensive.

  A. as   B. so   C. too   D. very

  18. This magazine is very ______with young people, who like its content and style.

  A. familiar   B. popular   C. similar   D. particular

  19. The art show was ______ being a failure; it was a great success.

  A. far from   B. along with C. second to   D. regardless of

  20. Health problems are closely connected with bad eating habits and a______of exercise.

  A. limit   B. lack   C. need   D. demand

  21. In our daily life, everyone fails every now and then. It is how you  react that makes a_____.

  A. development  B. difference   C. progress  D. point

  22. The hotel was awful!___, our room was far too small. Then we found that the shower

  didn't work.

  A. To begin with   B. After all C. In reality   D. As a whole

  23. Don't worry if you can't understand everything. The teacher will

  _____ the main points at the end.

  A. recover   B. review  C. require   D. remember

  24. It is reported that the police will soon look______the case of the two missing children.

  A. upon   B. after   C. into   D. out

  25. One of the best ways for people to keep fit is to______healthy eating habits:

  A. grow   B. develop   C. increase   D. raise

  26. The company is starting a new advertising campaign to new customers to its stores.

  A. join   B. attract   C. stick   D. transfer

  27. Over the past decades, sea ice in the Arctic(北极) as a result of global warming.

  A. had decreased    B. will decrease  C. has been decreasing   D. is decreasing

  28. ____ twice, the postman refused to deliver our letters unless we chained our dog.

  A. Being bitten   B. Bitten C. Having bitten   D. To be bitten

  29. He_____ have completed his work; otherwise, he wouldn't be enjoying himself by the seaside.

  A. should   B. must   C. wouldn't   D. can't

30. Many children,_______parents are away working in big cities, are taken good care of in the village.  A. their   B. whose  C. of them   D. with whom

  31. If it_____tomorrow, we will stay indoors to have our training class.

 A. rains   B. rain   C. will rain   D. rained

  32. The college sports meet was __ till next week because of the heavy rain.

 A. put out  B. put on  C. put off  D. put up

  33. Lord Jim_____a private school five years ago with the money he earned through hard work.

 A. finds   B. found   C. founds   D. founded

 

  34. When Bob and his friends came, we____our supper then.

 

  A. had B. were having

 

  C. have D. are having

 

  35. That big dictionary_____Tom two hundred dollars.

 

  A. spent B. paid C. cost D. took

 

  36. It was in 2005 _____we began to introduce this new technique

 

  into our company.

 

  A. which B. then C. when D. that

 

  37. He____the maths examination if he had worked hard enough,

 

  but he didn't.

 

  A. would pass B. has passed

 

  C. would have passed D. passed

 

  38. Since it is already midnight, we______now.

 

  A. had better leaving B. had better leave

 

  C. had better to leave D. had better have left

 

  39. Rabbits are quiet animals,_______they are able to make 20 different sounds.

 

  A. how B. in spite of

 

  C. because of D. even though

 

  40. There are two rooms in the house, ____serves as a kitchen.

 

  A. the smaller of which B. the smaller of that

 

  C. the smallest of which D. the smallest of that

 

  41. I was so fired then that I fell______in class.

 

  A. asleep B. sleep C. sleeping D. slept

  42. I can only stay here for a while, but I'll come again in _____ days.

  A. a few B. few C. a little D. little

  43. Given the choice between work and play, Tom would surely prefer the ____.

  A. late B. later C. latter D. last

  44. He began to work for a big company _____ an early age.

  A. on B. at C. of D. with

  45. James doesn't like pop music, ____does his sister.

  A. So B. Also C. Either D. Neither

 

 [NextPage]

 

  Part III Identification (10%)

 

  Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

 

  46. How an interesting role she played in the film! No wonder she has won an Oscar.

  A B C D

  47. The famous scientist, in his honor a dinner party will be held tonight, is to arrive soon.

  A B C D

  48. The old man was so angry and spoke so fast that none of his children understood that

  A B C D

  he meant.

  49. The young man, to make several attempts to beat the world record in high jumping,

  A B C

  decided to have another try.

  D

  50. In the town was found many old people who badly needed money and care.

  A B C D

  51. As early as the 12th century boys in England enjoyed to play football.

 

  A B C D

  52. So absorbed she was in her work that she didn't realize it was time that she picked up her

  A B C D

  daughter.

  53. In big cities there is an increasingly need for cheap apartments for the lower middle class.

  A B C D

  54. The price of meat was much more higher than expected.

 

  A B C D

  55. Joe's father has died ten years ago, so he has lived with his mother since then.

  A B C D

 

[NextPage]

 

  Part IV Cloze (10%)

  Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  There 56 a king who had twelve beautiful daughters. They 57 in twelve beds all in one room and when they went to bed, the 58 were shut and locked up. 59 , every morning 60 shoes were found to be quite worn through as if they had been danced in all night. Nobody could 61 how it happened, or 62 the princesses had been.

  So the king made it 63 to all that if any person could discover the 64 and find out where it was that the princesses danced in the 65, he would have the 66 he liked best to take as his wife, and would be king 67 his death. But whoever tried and did not succeed, after three days and nights, would be 68 to death.

  A prince from a nearby country soon came. He was well entertained, and in the evening was taken to the chamber (大房间) next 69 the one where the princesses lay in their twelve 70 . There he was to sit and 71 where they went to dance; and, in order 72 nothing could happen without him hearing it, the door of his 73 was left open. But the prince soon went to sleep; and when, he 74 in the morning he found that the princesses had all been dancing, 75 the soles of their shoes were full of holes.

 

  56. A. was B. were C. is D. are

  57. A. did B. slept C. washed D. kicked

  58. A. chairs B. desks C. doors D. roofs

  59. A. So B. Therefore C. Then D. However

  60. A. their B. your C. our D. her

  61. A. make out B. take out C. find out D. speak out

  62. A. when B. what C. why D. where

  63. A. know B. knowing C. knows D. known

  64. A. story B. secret C. news D. idea

  65. A. night B. day C. afternoon D. morning

   66. A. one B. it C. some D. that

  67. A. before B. after C. of D. below

  68. A. made B. passed C. put D. handed

  69. A. by B. to C. at D. on

  70. A. boxes B. buckets C. sofas D. beds

  71. A. notice B. keep C. watch D. hit

 72. A. that B. which C. who D. whose

  73. A. kitchen B. classroom C. chamber D. restaurant

  74. A. ate B. awoke C. slept D. ran

  75. A. for B. so C. but D. though

 [NextPage]

  Part V Translation (20%)

  Section A

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages to identify their meanings in the context.

  76. Apparently, many people believe that the more time a person spends at work, the more he or she accomplishes.

  77. In fact, many studies indicate that after a certain point, anyone's productivity and creativity begin to decrease.

  78. Schools are bad businesses, whether public or private, not usually becauseof. bad management but because of the nature of the business.

  79. There is no basis for arguing that private schools are bound to be better than public schools.

  80. The number of students learning Chinese is tiny compared withn how many study Spanish or French..

  SectionB

  DirectionsIn this part there are five sentences in Chinese.You should translate them into English.Be sure to write clearly.

  81.我们期待和你一起工作。

  82.他一到上海就给我打了一个长途电话。

  83.你知道会议开始的确切时间吗?

  84.她将成功归因于努力工作。

  85.村里的每个人都喜欢他,因为他对人很友好。

 

答案

 

阅读

1-5    ADCBA    6-10   CABBD    11-15  ACACB

单选

16-20 BABAB 21-25  BABCB  26-30  BCBBB  31-35  ACDBC36-40  DCBDA  41-45  AACBD

挑错

46-50  ABDAB    51-55  DBCCA

完型

56-60  ABCDA   61-65  ADDBA      66-70  ABCBD    71-75  CACBA

 

76. 很明显,许多人相信一个人工作的时间越长,他取得的成就越大。

77. 事实上,许多研究都表明过了某一特定的点,人的生产效率和创造性就开始下降。

78. 学校是糟糕的产业,无论是公立还是私立,通常这都不是因为糟糕的管理,而是由于这一行业本身的性质使然。

79. 私立学校就一定好于公立学校,这一辩解是毫无根据的。

80. 相对于学习西班牙语或法语的学生来说,学习汉语的人数很少。

 

81. We are looking forward to working with you.

82. As soon as he got Shanghai, he made a long distance call to me he called me.)

83. Do you know the exact time when the meeting will be held?

84. She believes that hard work leads to her success.

   或者 She attributed her success to hard work.

85. Everyone in the village likes him because he is very friendly.

 

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