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    您现在的位置:31省市学位英语网>>北京>>历年试题
2010年11月北京成人学位英语试题和答案
2012-09-29 09:16     来源:31省市学位英语网  [ ]

201011月北京成人学位英语真题(B)

 

Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)

Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet

Passage 1

  Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

 

  Breastfeeding(母乳喂养) for a month or longer appears to reduce a womans risk of getting diabetes(糖尿病) later in life, according to a new study. The breastfeeding and diabetes link has been reported in other studies, according to researcher Eleanor Schwarz. Yet, her study makes the link easier to believe. Her study is published in a journal of medicine in America. Schwarz and her colleagues looked at data about breastfeeding practices. They evaluated data on 2,233 women from California. Of those, 405were not mothers, 1,125 were mothers who breastfed for at least a month, and 703 were mothers who had never breastfed. They were 40 to 78 years old

  According to Schwarzs study, the risk of getting a diagnosis(诊断) of Type 2 diabetes for women who breastfed all their children for a month or longer was similar to that of women who had not given birth. But mothers who had never breastfed were nearly twice as likely to develop diabetes as women who had never given birth. Mothers who never breastfed were about 1.4 times as likely to develop diabetes as women who breastfed for one to three months, Schwarz found

  While one month of breastfeeding appears to make a difference, Schwarz says, even longer is better. (76)Previous studies have shown the longer the mom breastfeeds, the more benefit for her body。” Many experts recommend breastfeeding for six months and continuing for a year, she says

  The diabetes-breastfeeding link is probably explained by belly fat. Mothers, who dont breastfeed, as they get older, may have more belly fat, as breastfeeding helps new mothers take off weight. Belly fat increases the risk of diabetes as you get older, she says

  The finding isnt surprising at all, says Kimberly Gregory. She often gives advice to women who get diabetes (occurring during pregnancy(怀孕) that they are at risk for later getting Type 2 diabetes and suggests they breastfeed. The new findings will probably inspire Gregory to add to the advice she gives moms-to-be about the benefits of breastfeeding. She often focuses on the benefits to the baby

1. According to the first paragraph, which of the following statements is TRUE?

  A. About two thousand and two hundred old women took part in the study

  B. Eleanor Schwarzs research program was about men and women who suffered from diabetes

  C. Over one fifths of the women never got married

  D. Eleanor Schwarzs results seem more reliable

2. According to Schwarzs findings, who are more likely to get diabetes later in life?

  A. Those mothers who had never breastfed

  B. Those mothers who never gave birth

  C. Those mothers who breastfed for a month

  D. Those mothers who breastfed for six months

3. Which of the following statements would Schwarz agree with?

  A. Breastfeeding is not advisable because it is not good for a mom to keep a good shape

  B. Breastfeeding can greatly reduce a mothers chances of getting all kinds of serious disease

  C. Breastfeeding for a month is highly recommended: the longer, the better

  D. Breastfeeding for a month or longer makes babies smarter

4. What does the author mean by moms-to-be in the last paragraph?

  A. Women who are pregnant, especially for the first time

  B. Women who dream of having babies for the first time

  C. Women who already have children

  D. Women who have just got babies for the first time

5. Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?

  A. Breastfeeding May Enhance Babies Chances of Survival

  B. Breastfeeding May Lower Moms Diabetes Risk

  C. Breastfeeding May Become Very Fashionable in Near Future

  D. Breastfeeding May Help Women Lose Weight

  

Passage 2

  Questions 6 to 10are based on the following passage:

  Archaeology, like many academic words, comes from Greek and means, more or less, the study of old things. So, it is really a part of the study of history. However, most historians use paper evidence, such as letters, paintings and photographs, but archaeologists(考古学家)learn from the objects left behind by the humans of long ago. Normally, these are the hard materials that dont break down or disappear very quicklythings like human bones and objects made from stone and metal

  It is very unusual to find anything more than the hard evidence of historynormally, the bacteria(细菌)in the air eat away at soft materials, like bodies, clothes and things made of wood. Occasionally, things are different

  In 1984,two men made an amazing discovery while working in a bog called Lindow Moss, in the north of England. A bog is a very wet area of earth, with a lot of plants growing in it. It can be like a very big and very thick vegetable soupwalk in the wrong place and you can sink and disappear forever. The men were working when one of them saw something sticking out—a human foot! Naturally, the men called the police, who then found the rest of the body. Was it a case of murder? Possibly—buy it was a death nearly two thousand years old. The two men had found a body from the time of the Roman invasion of Britain. Despite being so old, this body had skin, muscles, hair and internal organs—the scientists who examined him were able to look inside the man’s stomach and find the food that he had eaten for his last meal!

  Why was this man so well preserved? (77)It was because he was in a very watery environment, safe from the bacteria that need oxygen to live. Also, the water in the bog was very acidic. The acid preserved the mans skin in the way that animal skin is preserved for leather coats and shoes

  How did he die? Understandably, archaeologists and other scientists wanted to know more about the person that they called, Lindow Man. (78) His hands and fingernails suggested that he hadnt done heavy manual work in this lifehe could have been a rich man. They found that he hadnt died by accident. The archaeologists believe that he was sacrificed to three different gods

6. Which language does the word archaeology com from?

  A. French.         B. Greek             C. Roman.          D. German

7. The word these in the first paragraph refers to _____

  A. letters           B. photographs         C. paintings              D. objects

8. Which of the following helped to preserve Lindow Man?

  A. Ice and low temperature.                B. Bacteria and oxygen

  C. Soil and energy.                       D. Acid and water

9. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?

  A. Lindow Man was named after the person who first found him

  B. Historians usually use paper evidence, while archaeologists use hard evidence

  C. Lindow Man was found by two archaeologists in the south of England

  D. Lindow Man was good at manual work

10. Which is the best title for the passage?

  A. What Is Archaeology?

  B. Archaeology and History

  C. An Amazing Archaeological Discovery

  D. The Death of Lindow Man

 

Passage 3

  Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

  The city has always been an engine of intellectual life, from the 18th-century cafes of London, where citizens gathered to discuss chemistry and politics, to the Left Bank bars of modern Paris, where Picasso talked about modern art. Without the metropolis, we might not have had the great art of Shakespeare

  And yet, city life isnt easy. Now scientists have begun to examine how the city affects the brain, and the results are depressing. Just being in an urban environment, they have found, impairs(损害)our basic mental processes. (79) After spending a few minutes on a crowded city street, the brain is less able to hold things in memory, and suffers from reduced self-control. While it’s long been recognized that city life is exhausting, this new research suggests that citied actually dull our thinking, sometimes dramatically so

  One of the main forces at work is a complete lack of nature, which is surprisingly beneficial for the brain. Studies have demonstrated, for instance, that hospital patients recover more quickly when they can see trees from their windows, and that women living in public housing are better able to focus when their apartments overlook a lawn. Even these glimpses of nature improve brain performance, it seems, because they provide a mental break from the urban life

  This research arrives just as humans cross an important milestone(里程碑). For the first time in history, the majority of people live in cities. Instead of inhabiting wide-open spaces, were crowded into concrete jungles, surrounded by traffic and millions of strangers. In recent years, its become clear that such unnatural surroundings have important implications for our mental and physical health, and can powerfully alter how we think

  This research is also leading some scientists to dabble(涉足) in urban design, as they look for ways to make the city less damaging to the brain. (80) The good news is that even slight alterations, such as planting more trees in the inner city or creating urban parks with a greater variety of plants, can significantly reduce the negative side effects of city life. The mind needs nature, and even a little bit can be a big help

11. Which of the following is the main idea of this passage?

  A. The city inspires talented people

  B. The city hurts your brain

  C. The city has many pleasures and benefits

  D. The city seriously affects the natural balance

12. The word metropolis in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to _____

  A. citizen          B. nature            C. city         D. stress

13. People have just come to realize that _____

  A. human attention is a scarce resource

  B. city life can make people very tired

  C. the city is an engine of intellectual life

  D. an urban environment is damaging to the brain

14. What is the factor mentioned in the third paragraph that helps the hospital patients recover more quickly?

A. Nature.                                      B. Better treatment.        

C. Experienced doctors.                D. Good medicine

15. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?

  A. Different aspects(方面) of an urban environment, such as the crowded streets, can lead to an increase in self-control

  B. Small changes in urban design cannot reduce the negative side effects of city life

  C. For the first time in history, the earths population is more urban than rural

  D. A walk down a busy city street will improve brain performance

 

Part II Vocabulary and Structure (30%)资料来源:31省市学位英语网

Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet

 

16. By the end of last week 611 people from 49 countries _____ to attend the meeting, with nearly half coming from the United States, Germany and Britain

A. had Registered     B. have Registered   C. Registered     D. were Registered

17. It was suggested that _____ big event like the Year of Russia in China should certainly benefit _____ relationship between the two countries

A. a; the             B. the; a             C. a; /          D. the; /

18. Although he knew little about amount of work done in the field, he succeeded _____ other more well-informed experimenters failed

    A. as                   B. unless     C. what               D. where

19. Having been praised by the teacher, the little girl ran back home, _____

  A. happily and satisfied               B. eager and excitedly

  C. happy and satisfied                  D. anxiously and excitedly

20. How are their talks going on? Have they reached any agreement?

  —They only seemed to have agreed to set another date for _____ talks

  A. deeper          B. slower     C. further    D. higher

21. _____ ten minutes earlier, you wouldnt have missed the train. But you were late

  A. Had you come                          B. Did you come

  C. Have you come                        D. Should you come

22. Having been told that her son died in the accident, the old woman appeared very calm, as if nothing _____

  A. happened             B. were happened            C. was happened              D. had happened

23. You should carefully think over _____ the manager said at the meeting

  A. that                      B. which                    C. what                             D. whose

24. Last week I wrote to the hotel to book a room, but they _____ yet

  A. didnt answer                                      B. wasnt answering

  C. hadnt answered                                  D. havent answered

25. Diana felt very much upset at _____ to the party as she had longed to go for a long time

  A. having not been invited                         B. not having been invited

  C. not to be invite                                       D. to be not invited

26. On no account _____ held responsible for the car accident, so he should not be put into prison

  A. the driver can be                                    B. can the driver be

  C. the driver be                                           D. be the driver

27. All the kids are crying now. What _____ makes them so unhappy?

  A. it is                      B. is it                C. it is that                D. is it that

28. Unfortunately, the package I was expecting was _____ to the wrong address

  A. written          B. given                    C. packed                  D. delivered

29. _____ by a large audience, he felt very nervous and didnt know what to say

  A. Watching             B. Watch            C. Watched               D. Having watched

30. Im very grateful for your help and hope to do something for you _____ in the future

  A. in exchange B. instead           C. in return               D. in particular

31. I can _____ you that the animals are well cared for in our zoo, so you neednt worry about them

  A. suppose               B. assume          C. assure                   D. grant

32. The drowning boy made a _____ attempt to catch the rope thrown to him

A. dangerous             B. graceful         C. gentle                   D. desperate

33. If we _____ early tomorrow morning, we will reach the coast before dark

  A. take off         B. set off            C. set up                    D. take up

34. A lot of people mistake John for Bill because they _____ each other in appearance too much!

  A. weave           B. utilize            C. reveal                   D. resemble

35. When there are cordial elations between the two countries, we mean there exists a _____ relationship between them

  A. friendly               B. hostile           C. fertile                   D. complicated

36. The patients recovery was very encouraging as he could _____ get out of bed without help

  A. only                     B. almost           C. merely                  D. hardly

37. At the job interview, Mr. Brown gave a good _____ of himself and finally got a job as a salesman

  A. opinion         B. idea                C. cry                        D. account

38.As is well known, eating too much fat can _____ heart disease and cause high blood pressure

  A. add to           B. attend to               C. contribute to         D. apply to

39. A club is a place to make frequent _____ with friends

  A. accounts              B. attempts        C. contents                D. contacts

40. _____ the obvious differences in size and population, the states of America have many things _____ common

 

  A. Although; on       B. Though; in     C. Despite; in            D. Because of; on

41. Scientists say it may be five or six years _____ this medicine is tested on human beings

  A. since                    B. before            C. after                             D. when

42. With larger numbers of graduates than ever before, just having a degree will no longer be enough to make you _____ in the crowd

  A. stand up               B. stand by         C. stand for                D. stand out

43. The doctor tried to do an experiment to find out the _____ of the medicine on the mice

  A. cause                   B. result                    C. reason                   D. effect

44. This is only one of the laundries in the district _____ modern equipment

  A. that have             B. which have    C. that has                 D. what has

45. Skating can be good for you _____ correctly

  A. though doing       B. though done C. if done                  D. if doing

 

Part Identification (10%)

Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet

46. Who has eyes can see what great achievements we have made since 1978.

 

  A B C D

47. Surely, there are lots of problems solving in our research so we need to get well prepared in advance

 

  A B C D

48. The harder he tried, the most failures he suffered in his early days as a writer

 

  A B C D

49. I dont think a warm winter always has a negative influence on our life, hasnt it?

 

  A B C D

50. We have been told that under no circumstances we may use the telephone in the office for personal affairs

 

  A B C D

51. A warm thought suddenly came to me which I might use the pocket money to buy some flowers for my

 

  A B C D

 

  mothers birthday

52. To wait in the queue for half an hour, the old man suddenly realized that he had left the wallet in the car

 

  A B C D

53. The Great Wall is so a well-known tourist attraction that millions of people pour in every year

 

  A B C D

54. Equipped with modern facilities, todays hospitals are quite different from that of the past

 

  A B C D

55. We solved the problem by using a computer rather than to do it all by hand

 

  A B C D

 

Part IV Cloze (10%)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet

 

  We have quite a bit of information about ancient Egyptian medicine. Doctors instructions have been found to tell us __56___ they did for the sick and the injured. __57___ many of the treatments included magic, ancient Egyptians used plant leaves and other methods to treat many __58___

  Religion, magic and medicine were __59___ related in ancient Egypt. Some priests (牧师) were specially__60___ as doctors to __61___ the sick and the injured. Doctors were held to a high moral standard. Patients was treated with __62___ and their __63___ information was highly secret. The highest-ranking doctors were priests of the goddess Sekhmet, ___64__ controlled illnesses. Doctors spent a part each year __65___ the goddess. Doctors were thought to be ___66__ to the gods and able to ask them for healing

  Temples were centers for healing. __67___ a person was ill, he or she would come to the temple or __68___ a doctor for a diagnosis (诊断). A(n) __69___ problem was not __70___, the diagnosis would be that the illness was caused by an evil spirit or curse. The doctor would use magic spells to __71___ a cure. __72___, a diagnosis could not be reached. __73___ this case, a patient would be told to rest for a period of time __74___ another examination could be __75___

 

56. A. that B. why C. what D. which

57. A. When B. Although C. Since D. After

58. A. damages B. diseases C. disasters D. destructions

59. A. hardly B. closely C. mainly D. shortly

60. A. trained B. designed C. planed D. studied

61. A. look to B. come to C. care for D. search for

62. A. reputation B. respect C. fame D. inspection

63. A. ill B. own C. hidden D. personal

64. A. that B. which C. who D. what

65. A. serving B. reading C. learning D. following

66. A. careful B. generous C. mean D. close

67. A. Before B. When C. Until D. Since

68. A. think over B. apply to C. call for D. make up

69. A. serious B. internal C. odd D. obvious

70. A. discovered B. treated C. cured D. aroused

71. A. bring about B. set out C. insist on D. make up

72. A. Subsequently B. Consequently C. Occasionally D. Hopefully

73. A. With B. In C. For D. On

74. A. until B. when C. although D. because

75. A. decided B. performed C. carried D. discussed

 

 

Part Translation (20%)

Section A

Directions: In this part, there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context

 

76. Previous studies have shown the longer the mom breastfeeds, the more benefit for her body

 

77. It was because he was in a very watery environment, safe from the bacteria that need oxygen to live

 

78. His hands and fingernails suggested that he hadnt done heavy manual work in this lifehe could have been a rich man

 

79. After spending a few minutes on a crowded city street, the brain is less able to hold things in memory, and suffers from reduced self-control

 

80. The good news is that even slight alterations, such as planting more trees in the inner city or creating urban parks with a greater variety of plants, can significantly reduce the negative side effects of city life

 

Section B

Directions: In this part there are five sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly

 

81. 这部电影我已经看过好几遍了。

82. 这就是他五年前住过的房子。

83. 在房子前面的大树下放着一张桌子。

84. 他二十七岁时开始学英语。

85. 全球化也正在改变人们的生活方式。

 资料来源:31省市学位英语网

参考答案:

 

  1-10 DACAB BDDBC

 

  11-20 BCDAC AADCC

 

  21-30 ADCDB BDDCC

 

  31-40 CDBDA BDCDC

 

  41-50 BDDCC ABBDC

 

  51-60 BABDC CBBBA

 

  61-70 CBDCA DBCDA

 

  71-75 ACBAB

 

  76. 先前的研究表明母亲用母乳喂养的时间越长,她身体获得的益处会越多。

 

  77. 这是因为他处在一个非常潮湿多水的环境中,免受了需要氧气才能存活的细菌的侵扰。

 

  78. 他的手和手指甲表明他在生活中没有干过重体力活——他生前可能是一个富人。

 

  79. 在一条拥挤的城市街道上待上几分钟后,大脑记忆能力不如从前,自我控制能力也减弱了。

 

  80.好消息是即使是细微的改变,例如在市中心种更多的树或者多建一些植物种类更丰富的市区公园,都能显著减少城市生活消极的影响。

 

  81.I have seen this film for several times

 

  82.This is the house where he lived five years ago

 

  83. There is a table under the big tree in front of the house

 

  84. He started to learn English when he was 27.

 

  85. Globalization is also changing the way people live

 

 

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