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2012年11月北京学位英语试题及答案
2012-11-05 14:43     来源:31省市学位英语网  [ ]

       

成人本科学士学位英语统一考试

2012.11

 

Part Reading Comprehension (30%)

  Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A,B,C and D. You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer sheet

  Passage 1

  Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage :

  It seems like every day there's some new research about whether our favorite drinks are good for us ,(76)One day ,science says a glass of red wine a day will help us live longer The next day ,maybe not It seems journalists are pretty interested in wine research and the same might be said for coffee .Now there's been a lot of research into whether coffee's good for our health "the results have really been mixed", admits Neal freedman who led the coffee study and published his findings in a medical journal recently."There's been some evidence that coffee might increase the risk of certain diseases and there's also been maybe more recent evidence that coffee may protect against other diseases as well"

  Freedman and his colleagues undertook the biggest study yet to look at the relationship between coffee and health They analyzed data collected from more than 400,000 Americans ages 50 to 71 participating in the study "We found that the coffee drinkers had a modestly lower risk of death than the non-drinkers ,"he said .Here's what he means by "modestly":those who drank at least two or three cups a day were about 10 percent or 15 percent less likely to die for any reason during the 13 years of the study when the researchers looked at specific causes of death ,coffee drinking appeared to cut the risk of dying from heart disease lung disease injuries ,accidents and infections

  Now ,Freedman stressed that the study doesn't prove coffee can make people live longer. A study like this can never prove a cause-and-effect relationship (77)All it can really do is to point researchers in the right direction for further investigation And even if it turns out that coffee is really good for you, scientists have no idea why

  1 According to the first paragraph, reporters would like to know the research findings of ___

  A . tea B. beer C. alcohol D. coffee

  2According to the passage, which of the following is TRUCE?

  A Freedman and his colleagues hired 400,00 Americans to collect date

  B About four hundred thousand Americans worked for Freedman's team full time for 13 years

  C People Who took part in Freedman's research are about 50 to 70 years old

  D  People Who are 50 to 70 years old seldom drink coffee

  3 According to the author, scientists__________

  A have already proved that coffee is good for human health

  B have a long way to go before they find a way to study coffee

  C have avoided the cause -and -effect approach to study coffee

  D are still unable to figure out why coffee is good for us

  4 The word "mixed" in the first paragraph means"________"

  A both good and bad B. put together

  C. both sharp and soft D. confused

  5.Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?

  A. Can Beer Help You Live Longer?

  B. Can Coffee Help You Live Longer?

  C. Can Whine Help You Live Longer?

D. Can Tea Help You Live Longer?

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  Passage 2

  Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

  When we're learning a foreign language, making sense of what we hear is the first step toward fluency. It sounds obvious, but until recently, we didn't know much about how listening works. New research demonstrates that effective listening involves more than simply hearing the words that float past our ears. Rather, it's an active process of receiving information and making meaning. This kind of engaged listening is a skill that's as critical for learning a range of subjects at school and work as it is for learning to understand a foreign tongue

  (78)Studies of skilled language learners have identified specific listening strategies that lead to superior comprehension. Last year, for example, University of Ottawa researcher Larry Vandergrift published his study of 106 undergraduates who were learning French as a second language. Half of the students were taught in a conventional fashion, listening to and practicing texts spoken aloud. The other half, possessing the same initial (最初的) skill level and taught by the same teacher, were give detailed instruction on how to listen. It turned out that the second group “significantly outperformed”(胜过)the first one on a test of comprehension

So what are these listening strategies? Skilled learners go into a listening class with a sense of what they want to get of it. (79) They set a goal for their listening, and they generate predictions about what the speaker will say. Before the talking begins they mentally review what they already know about the subject, and form an intention to “listen out for” what’s important or relevant. Once they begin listening, these learners maintain their focus; if their attention wanders, they bring it back to the words being spoken. They don’t allow themselves to be thrown off by confusing or unfamiliar details. Instead, they take note of what they don’t understand and make inferences about what those thing might mean, based on other clues available to them; their previous knowledge of the subject, the context(语境) of the talk, the identity of the speaker, and so on

  6. What is the main idea of this passage?

  A. Effective listening means hearing the words that float past our ears

  B. Developing your listening skills is the first step toward developing fluency

  C. Skilled listeners use specific strategies to get the most out of what they hear

  D. Listening is one of the most powerful tools we have to gain information

  7. What does Vandergrift’s research show?

  A. Learners who adopt specific listening strategies become better listeners

  B. Learners taught in the traditional way are better at reinforcing what they learn

  C. Learners are more confident if they make fewer mistakes

  D. Learners who listen on a regular basis improve faster

  8. Which of the following statements about Vandergrift’s research is TRUE?

  A. The participants were postgraduates learning French as a second language

  B. All the participants were taught using the conventional method, with the focus on listening strategies

  C. The two groups were taught by different teacher

  D. The participants were at the same initial skill level

  9. The expression “thrown off” in the third paragraph is closest in meaning to “_____”

  A. infected B. confused C. ruined D. informed

  10. According to the passage, which of the following strategies is NOT used by skilled learners?

  A. Review their prior knowledge of the subject

  B. Concentrate on the speaker’s words

  C. Translate into their native language

  D. Predict what the speaker will way

  Passage 3

  Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

  (80) As the Titanic was sinking and women and children climbed into lifeboats, the musicians from the ship’s band stood and played. They died when the ship went down. Men stood on the deck and smoked cigarettes. They died, too. This behavior is puzzling to economists, who like to believe that people tend to act in their own self interest. “There was no pushing,” says David Savage, an economist at Queensland University in Australia who has studied witness reports from the survivors. It was “very, very orderly behavior

  Savage has compared the behavior of the passengers on the Titanic with those on the Lusitania, another ship that also sank at about the same time. But when the Lusitania went down, the passengers panicked(恐慌). There were a lot of similarities between these two events. These two ships were both luxury ones, they had a similar number of passengers and a similar number of survivors

  The biggest difference, Savage concludes, was time. The Lusitania sank in less than 20 minutes. But for the Titanic, it was two-and-a-half hours. “If you’ve got an event that lasts two-and-a-half hours, social order will take over and everybody will behave in a social manner,” Savage says. “If you’re going down in under 17 minutes, basically it’s instinctual” On the Titanic, social order ruled, and it was women and children first. On the Lusitania, instinct won out. The survivors were largely the people who could swim and get into the lifeboats

  Yes, we’re self-interested, Savage ways. But we’re also part of a society. Given time, social norms(规范) can beat our natural self-interest. A hundred years ago, women and children always went first. Men were stoic(坚忍的) On the Titanic, there was enough time for these norms to become forceful

  11. According to the author, economists were confused because_____

  People’s behavior was disorderly on the Titanic

  People did not act in their own interest on the Titanic

  most men did not act in their own interest on the Lusitania

  women and children could not climb into the lifeboats

  12. The expression “won out” in the third paragraph is closest in meaning to “_____”

  A. took the upper hand B. went out of control

  C. ran wild D. shut down

  13. According to David Savage, _____ was a critical factor in determining people’s behavior in the sinking of these two ships

  A. social order B. place C. instinct D. time

  14. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT TRUE?

  A. Both ships were expensive ones

  B. A similar number of women and children from both ships survived

  C. About the same number of people from each ship died

  D. Both ships had a similar number of passenger

  15. Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?

  A. Why Didn’t Musicians Play on the Lusitania?

  B. Why Did Musicians Play on the Titanic?

  C. Why Didn’t Passengers Panic on the Titanic?

  D. Why Did Men Smoke on the Titanic?

Part Vocabulary and Structure (30%)

  Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choice marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet

  16. Have you ever visited the Summer Palace, _____ there are many beautiful halls, ridges and a huge lake?

  A. which B. that C. where D. when

  17. Mr Obama will give a speech on the current situation at the meeting _____ next week in Beijing

  A. to hold B. held C. holding D. to be held

  18. Ti was in a small village in the south _____ he spent his childhood and met his life-long friend – the local schoolmaster

  A. where B. when C. which D. that

  19. First of all, a teacher should show love for hi students on top of his academic knowledge. _____, he is not qualified for his position

  A. Therefore B. Otherwise C. However D. Because

  20. For many overseas Chinese, China is their real _____, because they were born and grew up there

  A. home B. family C. house D. household

  21. With all your brains you ______ the math test, but you failed. You were too careless

  A. should pass B. should have passed C. must pass D. must have passed

  22. When he entered the room he found a cat _____ quietly under the desk

  A. lie B. lies C. to lie D. lying

  23. Today Mrs Smith _____ herself in white like a nurse at the garden party

  A. wore B. put C. sent D. dressed

  24. In road rules the red light is a _____ for traffic to stop

  A. sign B. sight C. site D. size

  25. I can _____ you for your rude manners but you must apologize in public

  A. forbid B. forget C. forecast D. forgive

  26. General Blair had been in the army _____ for 35 years when he retired from the navy

  A. service B. work C. job D. homework

  27. Linda is quite different _____ her sister in character: she likes friends and goes out a lot while her sister always stays alone at home

  A. to B. from C. at D. on

  28. Jim was absent from school for the whole week _____ a bad cold

  A. because of B. in addition to C. according to D. in front of

  29. Some people like to _____ a small sum of money in case of urgent need

  A. deal with B. use up C. set aside D. take off

  30. Mr Smith feels greatly _______ with his son’s performance in school as he is always the top of his class

  A. disturbed B. worried C. distressed D. satisfied

  31. Skating is such a _____ sport in the northeast of China that almost everybody there knows how to skate

  A. likely B. famous C. popular D. long

  32. The teacher suggested that they _____ in the exercise at once

  A. had handed B. should have handed

  C. handed D. hand

  33. He did not go to school yesterday because he ______ his father who was ill

  A. must have looked after B. would have to look after

  C. had to look after D. should have looked after

  34. After walking for half an hour, she realized that she _____ in the wrong direction

  A. had been walking B. has been walking

  C. walked D. would have walked

  35. Don’t smoke in the classroom, ____?

  A. do you B. will you C. can you D. could you

  36. There is not much time left, so I shall tell you about it _____

  A. in detail B. in brief C. for short D. in all

  37. _____ the room than the telephone rang once more

  A. Hardly when he entered B. Hardly he entered

  C. No sooner he had entered D. No sooner had he entered

  38 My bike is old,____ it is in good condition

  Therefore B. so C. nevertheless D. moreover

  39. There is ______ that he has tried his best in the examination

  A. not to deny B. not denying C. no denying D. without denying

  40. Would you _____ to come to the meeting this weekend?

  A. be so kind B. be kind as C. be so kind as D. be kind

41. He will write to me as soon as he ____ home

  A. will have returned B. returns C. returned D. will return

  42. _____ is generally believed, there is no water on the moon

  A. As B. What C. That D. It

  43. He devoted his whole life to _____ care of the disabled children

  A. takes B. taking C. took D. take

  44. The student continued his university study ____ his family was poor

  A. even though B. as though C. now that D. since

  45. His father was put into _____ prison, and he had to go to _____ prison to visit him once in a while

A. a; the B. the ; a C. a; / D. /; the

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  Part Identification (10%)

Directions: Each of the following sentence has four underline parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet

第三部分:挑错

  46-50 A B B C A    51-55 B B C B D

 

  46. Putting the bottles, boxes and books back where they belong, please. Don’t leave them on the

  A B C D

  desk

  47. Though Jack is only 7 years old but he is clever enough to work out that puzzle difficult even

  A B C D

  for a grown-up

  48. I opened the letter and it contained an important information that told us to stay where we

  A B C D

  were

  49. Unlike Jim, I go to work by foot instead of by car every morning

  A B C D

  50. If heating, ice will change into water or steam

  A B C D

  51. Weather permit, we’ll have the match tomorrow

  A B C D

  52. Don’t you think it’s the most worst film we have seen since we came here ten years ago?

  A B C D

  53. She is as gifted as she is more intelligent

  A B C D

  54 The teacher, as well as his students, were present at the meeting

  A B C D

  55. Walking alone in the desert, the traveler is boring

  A B C D

  Part Cloze (10%)

  Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then blacken then corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet

  Visitors to the zoo usually pity the animals owing to their particular emotional associations(联想). Which animals should be indeed pitied?

  The first type are those clever and 56 developed animals 57 lively intelligence and desire for activity can 58 no outlet behind the bars of the cage. Those animals living in a free state before 59 in the zoo have a strong desire for moving about 60, but have to turn around repeatedly in their quarters. Owing to this disappointment, foxed and wolves 61 in places which are far too small, are among the most 62 of all zoo animals

  Another sad scene, seldom 63 by ordinary zoo visitors, is the 64 flying trials of swans(天鹅)

  At migration(迁途) time. These creatures, like most other water birds, are generally made unable to fly by the 65 of cutting off a tip of the wing bone. 66 such swans in the zoo generally seem happy under 67 care and they raise their young without any trouble, at migration time things become 68. The birds never really 69 that they can no longer fly, and repeatedly swim to the 70 of the pond so that they can have the whole extent of its surface when trying to 71 against the wind. Meanwhile, their loud flying calls can be heard as they try to 72, and again and again the grand preparations end in 73.

  I do not like seeing those 74 water birds in the zoo. The missing tip of one wing and the still sadder picture that the bird makes when it 75 its wings hurt me badly. What a truly sorry picture it is

56. A. high B. highly

  C. deep D. deeply

  57. A. whose B. whom

  C. that D. which

  58. A. find B. lose

  C. declare D. transform

  59. A. to be put B. being put

  C. to put D. putting

  60. A. partly B. highly

  C. deeply D. freely

  61. A. kept B. keeping

  C. roes D. rising

  62. A. victorious B. thoughtful

  C. miserable D. fortunate

  63. A. scattered B. written

  C. noticed D. wakened

  64 A similar B. suitable

  C. apparent D. constant

 65  A. experiment B. operation

  treatment D. movement

  66  A. Although B. when

  Since D. Because

  67  A original B. proper

  C. parallel D. precious

  68.A. private B . public

  C. different D. similar

  69  A. Suggest B. assure

  underline D. realize

  70 A. limit B. side

  middle D. center

  71 A. Take off B. stand up

  Take up D. stand by

  72  A. spring B. raise

  Swell D. rise

  73  A. passage B. support

  C. failure D. success

  74 A. upright B. powerful

  C. valuable D. unlucky

75  A. spreads B. strengthens

C. enlarges D. inspects

  Part Translation (20%)

  Section A

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages to identify their meanings in the context

  76. One day, science says a glass of red wine a day will help us live longer

  77.All it can really do is to point researchers in the right direction for further investigation

  78. Studies of skilled language learners have identified specific listening strategies that lead to superior comprehension

  79. They set a goal for their listening, and they generate predictions about what the speaker will say

  80. As the Titanic was sinking and women and children climbed into lifeboats, the

  musicians from the ship’s band stood and played

  Section B

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly

81.他是第一个在月球上行走的人。 

82.随着人们年龄的增长,他们变得更加感恩于他们所拥有的一切。

  83.这家公司成立于1970年。This company was founded in 1970.

84.能把你昨天讨论的那本书借给我吗?

85.她使我想起了她的姐姐。She reminds me of her elder sister

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答案

阅读

1-5 D C DA B

6-10 C A D B C

11-15 B A D B C

 

词汇与结构

16-20 C D D B A

21-25 B D D A D

26-30 A B A C D

31-35 C D C A B

36-40 B D C C C

41-45 B A B A D

 

挑错

46-50 A B B C A

51-55 B B C B D

 

 

完形

56-60 B A A B D

61-65 A C C D B

66-70 A B C D A

71-75 A D C D A

 

 

76. One day, science says a glass of red wine a day will help us live longer.

某一天,科学界说每天一杯红酒能使我们长寿。

77.All it can really do is to point researchers in the right direction for further

investigation.

它真正能做到的只是为研究者们进一步的调查指明正确方向。

78. Studies of skilled language learners have identified specific listening strategies that lead to superior comprehension.

对熟练的语言学习者的研究已经发现了某些有助于理解的听力策略。

79. They set a goal for their listening, and they generate predictions about what the

speaker will say.

他们为听设定一个目标,并猜测说话者将要说什么。

80. As the Titanic was sinking and women and children climbed into lifeboats, the

musicians from the ship’s band stood and played.

Titanic号逐渐下沉,女人和小孩爬进救生船时,大船上乐队里的音乐家们站起来演奏。

Section B

Directions: In this part there are five sentences in Chinese. You should translate them

into English. Be sure to write clearly.

 

他是笫一个在月球上行走的人。

随着人们年龄的增长,他们变得更加感恩于他们所拥有的一切。

这家公司成立于1970年。

能把你昨天讨论的那本书借给我吗?

她使我想起她的姐姐。

 

He was the first man who walked on the moon.

While aging, they have become more grateful to everything they have.

This company was founded in 1970.

Could you please lend me the book (which) you talked about?

She reminds me of her elder sister.

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