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    您现在的位置:31省市学位英语网>>江苏>>听力理解
江苏学位英语听力部分常考习语汇编(字母P-Y)
2012-11-13 10:39     来源:31省市学位英语网  [ ]

P

parking lot停车场

parking ticket乱停车罚款单

I hear you got a big parking ticket.我听说你因为乱停车被狠罚了一下。

pay attention集中注意力

If only I paid attention in class.我要是上课注意听就好了。

prime 全盛时期

proposal 开题报告

put in hours 投入时间

put off 推迟

ADid you finally finish the paper you want to present at the conference?

BI put if off and now it’s too late.

A:你有没有最后完成你要在会上宣读的那篇论文啊?

B:我拖了一会儿,现在太晚了。

put on 播放;穿上;上演

I think I’ll put on some music now.我想现在放点儿音乐。

put somebody up让某人住宿,给某人提供食宿

AMy company is flying me out to Hawaii on business next week.

BThat’s great. Where are they putting you up?

A:我的公司要让我坐飞机去夏威夷出差。

B:那太好了。他们让你在什么地方住宿啊?

put up建立

The city is going to tear down those old houses and put up a new shopping center.

市镇当局就要把这些老房子拆掉,建一个新的购物中心。

put up with忍受

From now on, I refuse to put up with your silliness.

我现在起,我再也不会忍受你的愚蠢了。

 

Q

quitting time下课时间

       I’m glad it’s almost quitting time就要下课了,我真高兴。

R

registrar’s office注册办公室

       The dean herself phoned the registrar’s office.

       系主任亲自给注册办公室打了电话。

research grant研究补助

       May seems surprised that she got a research grant.

Mary 对她自己获得的研究补助似乎感到很惊奇。

reserve a table订一张桌子

       对照:reserve a seat订一个座位:reserve a flight订一个航班;reserve a hotel room订一个饭店房间。

run for 竞选……职位

       Hello! I’m Ellen Parker and I’m running for the senate(参议院).

run out of 用光了

       ALet’s jog for another mile.

BI’ll try. But I’m running out of steam.

A:我们再跑一英里吧。

B:我试试罢。可我已没劲儿了。

rush hour(交通的)高峰期

AWhy don’t we drive downtown now?

BWouldn’t it be better to wait until after rush hour?

A:为什么我们现在不开车去城里呢?

B:等交通高峰过去不是更好吗?

 

S

schedule one’s time 安排时间

second thoughts重新考虑,再次考虑

I was in favor of the proposal, but I’m having second thoughts.

我一直赞成这一建议,但现在我正在重新考虑。

see off送别……

AThanks for volunteering to drive me to the airport, but I’m taking a bus that goes there from the campus.

BIt’s no trouble. Besides, I’d like to see you off.

A:谢谢你提出来开车送我去机场,但我还是搭乘从学校出发去那儿的汽车吧。

B:一点儿也不麻烦。另外,我想送你走。

see to 负责处理……

I’ll see to it immediately.

see out卖掉,卖完,卖光

考生经常听见的是过去分词sold out。如:The tickets have been sold out.票都卖光了。

AHello I’d like two seats for the evening show.

BSorry, but the performance is already sold out. Would you be interested in something later this week?

A:您好,我想买两张今晚演出的票。

B:对不起,已经卖光了。这个星期晚些时候的节目怎么样?

set out 出发

AWhich hiking trail did Carol’s group take?

BI think they set out for the lake.

ACarol那个组走的是哪条小路?

B:我想他们向那个湖出发了。

serve something right  某人活该

It serves him right to get a poor grade. 他考试考这么差,纯属活该。

sit still不能坐着不动

He was too restless to sit still.他紧张得坐立不安。

slow down减速,慢下来

Can’t we slow down? I’m tired。我们不能慢点吗?我累了。

sneak up on somebody 悄悄接近某人然后突然出现

spare the time抽出时间

I’d like to go to the concert tonight, but I don’t know if I can spare the time.

我想今晚去听音乐会,但我不知道能不能抽出时间。

stand up for 支持,坚持

He stood up for what he thought was right。他认为对的事情他就会坚持。

stay up all night一整夜不睡觉,熬夜

Ruth stayed up all night and did puzzles.

step by step一步一步;逐渐地;慢慢地

同义的习语还有:bit by bit, little by little, word by word, line by line, one step at a time等。

AI simply can’t get this chair put together properly.

BIf you follow the instructions step by step, I’m sure everything will fit together.

A:我怎么也不能把这张椅子装好。

B:如果你一步步按照说明做的话,我敢肯定会装好的。

students’ association学生会

同义习语还有:student government, student council.

Excuse me, can you tell me where the Students’ Association is meeting?

对不起,你能告诉我学生会在哪开会吗?

switch off关掉

Switch off the light, would you? 把灯关了,好吗?

 

T

take a break休息一下

Would you like to take a break and get a soda?

你想休息一下喝点儿苏打水吗?

take advantage of利用

AI heard Joe offered to lend you his camera for the summer.

BIsn’t that amazing? I’m trying to decide whether or not to take advantage of it.

A:我听说Joe提出这个夏天他可以把相机借给你。

B:真有意思。我正想决定要不要呢。

take along带上

对照bring along

I think I’ll take my movie camera along on the trip.

我想旅途中我会带着摄像机。

take into account……考虑进去

意思同take into consideration.

AI think there’ll be seven cartons of books for us to mail.

BDid you take mine into account, too?

A:我想我们有七箱书要寄。

B:你有没有把我的也算上?

take notes记笔记

笔记场景在校园生活中经常出现,记笔记还有其他说法。如:take down, put down, jot down等。

ABarbara, I’m glad you could assist us in our demonstration. But aren’t you supposed to go to Dr. Crown’s lecture today?

BI sent Kathy to take notes for me.

ABarbara,我们很高兴你能帮我们演示,但今天你不是该听Crown博士的讲座吗?

B:我已经让Kathy帮我记笔记了。

take something too seriously 太当回事

talk somebody into doing something 说服某人去做某事

talk somebody out of doing something 说服某人不去做某事

term project学期课题

That’s easier said than done. 说得容易做起来难。

此习语可简化为Easier said than done.

AListen, Joe. You’ve already taken the exam. Just forget about it.

BThat’s easier said than done.

A:听着,Joe,考试已经过了,你就把它忘了吧。

B:说起来容易做起来难。

the other day几天前

He came over to our house just the other day.他前几天来我们家了。

the sooner the better越快越好

对照the more the better 越多越好;the more the merrier人越多越高兴。

This is my treat. 我请客。

相似的说法有:Let me treat you; Let me foot the bill; It’s on me.

ABefore we go to the movie theater, I have to stop at the bank to get some money.

BDon’t worry about that. This is my treat.

A:在去电影院之前我要在银行停一下取些钱。

B:别担心。我请客。

ticket 罚款单

ticket agent票务代理

I asked the ticket agent to let me know what time my plane would arrive in Chicago.

我让票务代理告诉我乘的飞机什么时候可以到芝加哥。

tie up占用;(交通)拥堵;忙于

Dick, please don’t tie up the phone. I need to make a call.

Dick,请不要总占着电话。我要打个电话。

tight budget预算很紧;手头很紧

I have a tight budget for this semester.这学期我手头很紧

tournament锦标赛,联赛,巡回赛

trim 修剪(注:shear指给羊剪羊毛)

turn down把声音关小;拒绝

AI have trouble concentrating when my roommate plays loud music.

BWhy don’t you just ask him to turn down the volume, Harry?

A:我的同屋放音乐很大声时我就无法集中注意力。

BHarry,为什么不让他把音量调小呢?

turn up出现;把声音开大;将温度调高

AThere must be a dozen pens in this house but I never find one when I need one.

BKeep looking. One’s sure to turn up.

A:屋里一定有很多支笔,可是我需要的时候,却总找不着。

B:继续找吧。肯定会找着的。

 

U

under no circumstances在任何情况下都不

Under no circumstances should you have to repeat that course.

无论如何你都不应该再修那门课了。

under the weather (某人)身体状况不好

up to date赶上;流行的

AYou’ve been very busy this week.

BAt least now I’m up to date on all of my laboratory experiments.

A:这个星期你一直很忙。

B:我现在至少是赶上了所有的实验。

upside down上下颠倒了

对照inside out里外反了。

AThis calculator isn’t working right.

BI think you’ve got the battery in upside down.

A:这个计算器用不了了。

B:我想是你把电池放反了。

 

W

wait in line排队

参见同义习语:stand in line, get in the line, line up

My brother has been waiting in the line at the box office since five o’clock this morning.

我哥哥今天早上5点就在售票处排队了。

waiting room候诊室

AI need to find a dermatologist. You’re familiar with Dr. Smith. Do you recommend her?

BWell, I’ve been seen by her a few times. And the best I can say for her is she has interesting magazines in her waiting room.

A:我需要找一个皮肤医生。你和史密斯医生很熟。你推荐她吗?

B:嗯,她给我看过几次。我觉得她那儿最好的就是她的候诊室里有一些很有意思的杂志。

wake-up call(饭店)早上叫起服务

AI hope I don’t oversleep. I’ve simply got to catch the first flight out.

BIf I were you, I’d request a wake-up call from the front desk.

A:我希望我不要睡过了。我必须得赶上第一班航班。

B:如果我是你的话,我就会让前台把我叫起来。

warm up热身

AAre you ready to go jogging?

BAlmost. I have to warm up first.

A:准备好去跑步了吗?

B:差不多了。我得先热热身。

warm up  天气变暖

AI’m not going swimming in the lake unless it warms up outside today.

BMe either. Unfortunately, I think it’s supposed to stay this cold all day.

A:要是今天外面不暖和一点的话,我是不会去湖里游泳的。

B:我也不会的。可是今天可能会一直这么冷。

wear and tear磨损

AWhy do you always put on slippers when you go into your apartment?

BIt saves wear and tear on the carpet.

A:你进屋子的时候为什么总要穿上拖鞋?

B:这样可以减少地毯的磨损。

wear out磨坏,磨穿

ADid you dance very much at the party last night?

BOnly until my shoes wore out.

A:昨晚你舞跳得多吗?

B:一直把我的鞋磨穿。

What’s up with someone某人怎么了?

What’s up with Donald? I’ve never seen him so happy.

Donald怎么了?我从没见过他这么高兴。

What’s with you?你怎么了?

AWhat’s with you? You sure don’t look like yourself.

BStay away from me. I don’t know what I’ve got, but whatever it is, you don’t want to catch it.

A:你怎么了?你看上去身体真的不太好。

B:离我远点,我不知道我得了什么病。但无论是什么,你也不想得。

why bother别费劲;没有必要

AI ought to call Joan and tell her about the meeting this afternoon.

BWhy bother? You’ll see her at lunch.

A:我该给琼打个电话,告诉她今天下午有个会。

B:有必要吗?反正你吃午饭的时候会见到她。

word by word一个字一个字;一点一点;逐渐地;慢慢地

参见同义习语:bit by bit, little by little, line by line, step by step, one step at a time.

Barry read the contract word by word.巴里逐字逐句地读合同。

work on从事于;不断工作,继续工作

work overtime超进工作,加班

Do you have to work overtime on your job?你是否得超时工作呢?

worn out特别累

参见同义习语:tired out, run down. I’m really worn out from playing tennis.

打网球真把我给累坏了。

 

Y

you bet 当然

AAre you still planning to go to the concert?

BYou bet I am.

A:你还打算去听音乐会吗?

B:当然了。

You said it. 你说的没错,千真万确。

 

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