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    您现在的位置:31省市学位英语网>>辽宁>>必背范文
2013年辽宁成人学位英语考试必背范文
2012-11-14 22:07     来源:31省市学位英语网  [ ]

Test One

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: Reading Selectively or Extensively? You should write at least 100 words and you should bas your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below and write it on the Answer Sheet Two:

1.     有人认为读书要有选择

2.     有人认为应当博览群书

3.     你的看法

                     Reading Selectively or Extensively?

Once famous English philosopher Francis Bacon said, "Reading makes a full man", which means that anyone who wants to be a full man must keep on reading. But books are of various kinds and different contents. Then how to read?

Some people say that we should read selectively. They believe that it is not how much one reads but what he reads that really counts. Since we have no enough time to read all kinds of books, we should read selectively to achieve a high efficiency, reading only those that are useful to our majors and future works. Only by this way can we make full use of our time, and gain more practical knowledge.

However, others claim that reading extensively is a better choice. In their opinions, different books are of different uses. Just like Bacon mentioned, "Histories make men wisepoets wittythe mathematics subtle; natural philosophy deep; moral grave; logic and rhetoric able to content." Therefore, reading widely is necessary for a full man.

In my viewpoint, we should read both selectively and extensively. The two reading ways have their respective roles in our reading. We can read selectively for specialized knowledge, or read widely for general information. There fore, the combination of the two methods is more reasonable.

范文 2

               Reading Selectively or Extensively?

As the source of knowledge, books play an important role in our life. They not only make a full man, but also promote the development of society. However, among so many books in the world, should we read selectively or extensively?

Some people hold that we should read selectively. To begin with, life is limited, and it is impossible for us to read all kinds of books. Second, not all the books can benefit us. Some kinds of books, such as cartoon books, popular novels and magazines only can entertain us and make us feel relaxed in our spare time. Third, everyone has special interest, so while reading we could select different books according to our personal interests.

However, some believe otherwise. They maintain that in modern society, people are supposed to have more knowledge than their ancestors to cope with tougher problems. Besides, the society is developing faster and faster, if we confine our knowledge only to our major or our study field, we couldn't keep up with the changes around us. Even we may feel puzzled about what is happening in this modern world. So some people suggest we read extensively so as to get much more knowledge and not to become a person like Rip Van Winkle.

As far as I'm concerned, I think we'd better read both selectively and extensively. Thus, we can not only become a knowledgeable person in our own field, but also become a well-informed and qualified modern man.


Test Two

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: How I Finance My College Education. You should write at least 100 words and you should bas your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below and write it on the Answer Sheet Two:

1.     上大学的费用(tuition and free)可以通过多种途径解决

2.     哪种途径适合你(说明理由)

                        How I Finance My College Education

The past decade has witnessed a new tuition and fee policy for college students. Then how to finance their college education is becoming a big concern to students and the society. To this problem, there are three possible approaches.

Most students will ask their parents to pay the tuition fee, and the parents also take it for granted that they have such a responsibility to pay for their children's education. Another approach is that student can apply for the low-interest loans from the bank. In this way they can relieve the parents' financial burden and foster their independence as well. In addition to the above, taking part-time jobs is also a common way for a college student to get money to pay part of his tuition and fees.

As far as I am concerned, I'd prefer the second way — borrow some money from the bank. On the one hand, my parents and I can be free from financial problem for years. On the other hand, it can also help me make full use of the time to study at ease, and the thought of loan will also stimulate me to study harder to seek a good future later.

范文 2

                How I Finance My College Education

  As I enter the college, my life is completely changed. I have to cope with many problems on my own. The source of four-year tuition is one of them.

How can students get this sum of money?

The help from our parents is a traditional way. In China, entering college is such a proud thing for most families that some of them began to accumulate the money from the time when we were children. But for some poor ones, especially some in the countryside, the cost of four-year education is still a big problem.

Nowadays, things are different. More and more students want to be independent from their parents by doing part-time jobs to pay their college education, which really can lessen the burden of the family to some extent. In addition, students who are engaged in part-time jobs can learn about outside world and get experiences and tips on how to get along well with others. In their views, it pays to take part in part-time jobs.

As for me, the best way is to loan from the bank. This does not only solve the problem of tuition and fee but also improve my study because the bank offers students money according to their GPA(Grade Point Average).


Test Three

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: Is a Test of Spoken English Necessary? You should write at least 100 words and you should bas your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below and write it on the Answer Sheet Two:

1.     很多人认为有必要举行英语口语考试,理由是……

2.     也有人持不同意见……

3.     你的看法和打算

                           Is a Test of Spoken English Necessary?

A test of spoken English will be included as an optional component of the College English Test (CET). We have all taken various English tests, but so far most of them are written ones. Have you any idea of what a spoken English test will be like, and is it necessary to take all the trouble to hold such a test?  People differ in their answers.

Many people think it necessary to take a test of spoken English. They know that although they have taken dozens, even hundreds of English tests ever since they started learning it and many even have got surprisingly high marks, few of them can express themselves freely in spoken English. And if people can't speak a word of it, what's the sense of learning it and what do those high marks mean? They're none but deaf and mute before the native speakers. Further more, with so many college graduates and undergraduates having passed CET-4 and CET-6, a test of spoken English is an effective way to distinguish the excellent from the ordinary. Finally, it is considered a new challenge to those who "live and learn".

However, other people think otherwise. They believe there is the uncertainty about the reliability and objectivity of a test of spoken English, which may depend chiefly on human (and thus subjective) scoring instead of on machine scoring, as in the case of a standardized objective test such as CET-4 and CET-6.

At the prospect of this optional test, I feel encouraged and view it as a welcome challenge and another opportunity to improve my language ability and career potentials. I am determined to practice my oral English more often, and if I am qualified for such a test, I will not hesitate a moment to take it.

 

范文 2

Is a Test of Spoken English Necessary?

A test of spoken English will be included as an optional component of the College English Test. Since the optional component is new to many people. It is natural that people have different opinions on it.

Some people believe it is necessary to administer a spoken test of CET. In their opinion, only when they express themselves well in spoken and written English can they say they have a good command of English. For years of learning English only produce some English readers. Many people call this as "deaf-and-dumb English". Thus, it is of great significance to adopt the new approach to assess students' ability in spoken English. However, there are also others who believe a test of spoken English is unnecessary. They think that a written test for non-English-major students is sufficient. Besides, they don't think examiners in various places can meet the criteria of consistency and reliability of a norm test. Moreover, they think, confronted with such a large number of examinees, it is tough to have such a time-consuming test.

As for me, I'd like to thank the CET committee to create such an opportunity to test my spoken English. I have made up my mind to spend more time practicing my oral English, and if I am fully prepared,  I'll apply for the test without hesitation.


Test Four

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: How to Succeed in a Job interview? You should write at least 100 words and you should bas your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below and write it on the Answer Sheet Two:

1.     面试在求职过程中的作用

2.     取得面试成功的因素:仪表、谈吐、能力、专业知识、自信、实事求是……

How to Succeed in a Job Interview?

Nowadays, the interview has become indispensable in seeking a job. Its success will determine whether or not you will get the job you applied. Then how to succeed in a job interview?

There are many factors involved. According to psychologists, it depends more on the first impression you leave which is half a battle: how you look, how you sound and what you say are of great importance. In the first place, how you look makes up 55% of a first impression. This includes facial expressions, body language, and eye contact, as well as clothing and general appearance. Among those, clothing is the most important to show your respect to the interviewer and to leave the interviewer a good impression in the end. In the second place, how you sound makes up 38% of the first impression. This includes how fast or slowly, loudly or softly you speak. So make sure that you sound friendly, interested, confident and happy in answering any inquires in the interview. Finally, what you say counts for only 7% of the message. Therefore, attach more importance to your appearance and expressions rather than your words.

To conclude, no one can escape from the interview. Remember the above points, and you will succeed in the interview.

 范文 2                    How to Succeed in a Job Interview?

Nowadays, when people want to find a job, they always have to take a job interview. After the interview both the interviewer and the interviewee can make the final decision. So a job interview has become more and more important in our society.

Interview has the advantage of being the most natural situation. It is easier to build up a relationship with the interviewee, and he will feel at ease and will answer questions more fully and more naturally. In this way the interviewer is likely to find out a great deal about the interviewee. Particularly, he will be in a good position to find out whether or not he will want the interviewee to work with him. On the other hand, there are disadvantages as well. The interviewer may be so strongly affected by his own feelings that he will be unable to judge a person by a proper standard. His feelings may drive him to make the final decision. It is not necessary for us to feel bad if we have failed in an interview, because it is only a matter of choice, instead of right or wrong.

If we want to succeed in a job interview, we have to remember the following factors. Firstly, we should pay more attention to our appearance. We should dress more formally, which is a kind of respect for the interviewer. Secondly, we should talk in a proper way, with good manners and confidence. Thirdly, we should try our best to show our abilities as much as possible.

If we can bear those factors in mind, we are more likely to succeed

 


Test Five

Directions: Fast food is now very common in China. For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition about “Fast Food”. You should write at least 100 words and you should bas your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below and write it on the Answer Sheet Two:

1.     快餐食品受欢迎的原因

2.     快餐食品可能有的问题

3.     你的态度

 

In present-day China, we can find two types of fast food: western and Chinese. However, not until the recent decade has western fast food become popular in China. Before the first hamburger walked its way into the Chinese food market, we had little idea about such terms as hot dog, pizza, potato chips, let alone Kentucky and McDonald’s. It is the reform and opening-up policy: that has brought about the interflow of the food culture between China and the Western countries.

Fast food, both Chinese and western, has several advantages. In the first place, fast food, as is characterized by its name, is fast. The food is always ready and fresh, waiting for its customers. This saves people's precious time, and consequently goes well with the tempo of life in modern society.

Secondly, it is very convenient. As we know, fast food restaurants are much the same as cafeterias. Customers may feel tree to help them to any variety provided and eat to

their hearts' content. 

Thirdly, fast food restaurants are environmentally comfortable. Clean dishes, shiny tables, decent service and light music all stimulate people's appetite to eat more.

The above-mentioned advantages make fast food become rooted in almost all parts of the country and enjoy popularity among people. That's also why nowadays Singapore fast food, Turkish fast food and Indian-Pakistan fast food have found their homes in China.

As every coin has two sides, fast food also has its disadvantages such as lack of nutrition, dull taste. Never the less, these are minor points compared with its advantages. Since most people agree with fast food, it tends to grow more rapidly.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Test Six

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: My Opinion on Television. You should write at least 100 words and you should bas your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below and write it on the Answer Sheet Two:

1.     概述背景和观点

2.     赞同方/反对方对待看电视带来的利/弊的理由(选择正方或反方)

3.     你的看法

4.      

In my opinion, television has as many advantages as disadvantages.

Nowadays, it is the most important source of information, it keeps us informed about what is happening in every corner of the world, for instance about political or cultural events, wars and so on. Also it is a very popular form of spending free time, because it provides good entertainment of every kind, for example thanks to television we can watch great movies, shows, cartoons and listen to our favorite music. It also has educational possibilities, because it shows many documentaries, science programmers and even courses. And there is one more advantage. Television is very cheap (when you have a TV set…) and nowadays it is one of the most important values.

On the other hand, television has a lot of disadvantages. For example, it stops people from talking, communicating their feelings and exchanging impressions. Because of that, strong relationships in the family are weakening. Also, television is like a drug – it can shatter our health, because we do not go out, jog, or do exercise – we prefer to sit and flip through the channels. When we watch TV, we do not do other, most valuable things. But the biggest disadvantage is the negative influence which television has on children. Kids are exposed to silly cartoons and violent movies – they rarely watch educational program.

In conclusion, is television a good or bad invention? In my opinion it depends on us, viewers. We can choose from a big number of programs. But I will not have a TV set in my future house.

 


Test Seven

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: My View on Examinations. You should write at least 100 words and you should bas your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below and write it on the Answer Sheet Two:

1.     学校现在都用考试来衡量学生的成绩

2.     考试可能带来的副作用

3.     你对考试的看法

 

  In most schools and colleges the examination is used as a chief means of deciding whether a student succeeds or fails in mastering a particular subject. Although it does the job quite efficiently its side effects are also enormous.

  The most undesirable effect is that examinations encourage bad study habits. As the examination score is the only criterion for his academic performance a student is driven to memorize mechanically rather than to think creatively. Examinations do not motivate a student to seek more knowledge but to restrict his reading they do not enable him to study consistently throughout the semester but to induce cramming during exam week. Examinations also lower the standards of teaching. Since teachers themselves are often judged by examination results they are often judged by examination results they are reduced to training their students in exam techniques. And no subjects can be taught successfully merely through being approached with intent to take examinations.

  Actually few of us admit that examinations can contribute anything really important to the students' academic development. If that's the case why can't we make a change and devise something more efficient and reliable than examinations

 

 

 

 

 


Test Night

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: Is Failure a Bad Thing? You should write at least 100 words and you should bas your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below and write it on the Answer Sheet Two:

1.     失败是常有的事

2.     人们对失败有各种不同的看法

3.     你对失败的看法

作文参考(One Possible Version):

Everyone wishes to succeed. Nobody hopes to fail. Can we succeed in everything we do all the timeNoof course not. Whatever we dothe result is either success or failure. Sofailure is a common occurrence in our daily life.

Different people have different attitudes towards failure. Some people think that failure is a bad thing. If they have one or two failures in doing a thingthey become sad and begin to lose heart. Othershowevernever give in even when they fail and they learn lessons from it. Then try their best again and again until they succeed.

As for meI like success butat the same timeI don't mind failure because it is not always a bad thing.Failure is the mother of success,” I am sure. Failure is not a stranger to life. It can happen anywhere, anytime and to anyone. No person succeeds all the time. The more development you want to make, the more failure you might encounter. So, people are faced with failure now and then.

 

 

从标题和提纲判断,本篇作文属于论说文。第一段,提出失败是生活中常有的事,如作为一个学生,经常会遇到失败,比如作文很差,考试不及格等。第二段,人们对失败所持的不同态度,如有的学生遇到失败时认为是世界末日;有的学生对失败采取无所谓的态度;有的学生从失败中学到很多东西。第三段,“我”对失败的态度是从失败中汲取教训,认为失败是成功之母。

 

  参考范文:

Failure is a common thing in our daily life. For example, as a student, we may get a very low score in our compositions. It may happen that we cannot pass our examinations. All these failures occur so naturally that almost every one of us has had such an experience. However, there are different attitudes towards failures. Some students lose heart in the face of a failure, thinking that the world is coming to its end. Other students don’t take a failure seriously and just let it be, while some others learn much from a failure and thus see the light of hope through failure.

In my opinion, what really counts is not failure itself, but what we think of failure and how we respond to a failure. As long as we learn something from a failure, we’ll certainly make our mark in the end. Consequently, I’m not afraid of failure, for I believe that failure is the mother of success.

 

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