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湖北学位英语语法要点六:从句
2012-11-16 15:51     来源:31省市学位英语网  [ ]

[学位英语] 语法重点(六)从句

核心提示:考试涉及到的从句主要有四种,分别是定语从句、状语从句(特别是让步状语从句),宾语从句和主语从句。下面分别给同学们提示一些需要注意的问题。1.定语从句定语从句又分限制性和非限制性定语从句。考生要特别注意非限制定语从句的用法。从形式上看,限制性定语从句由who ,whom ,whose ,whi...

考试涉及到的从句主要有四种,分别是定语从句、状语从句(特别是让步状语从句),宾语从句和主语从句。下面分别给同学们提示一些需要注意的问题。资料来源:31省市学位英语网www.31xuewei.com

1.定语从句

定语从句又分限制性和非限制性定语从句。考生要特别注意非限制定语从句的用法。从形式上看,限制性定语从句由who ,whom ,whose ,which ,that 等关系代词或when ,why, where等关系副词引导,不用逗号把主句和从句分开。而非限制性定语从句中不会出现that,而且要用逗号把主句和从句分开。

1An old friend from abroad, _____ I was expecting to stay withtelephoned me from the airport .

  A. that    B. whom

  C. who   D. Which

这是一个非限制性定语从句,正确答案是B,因为此处的whom stay with 的逻辑宾语。

2The United States is composed of fifty states, two of _____ are separated from the others by land or water.

  A. them   B. that

  C. which  D. those

正确答案为C。在非限制性定语从句中,关系代词前面可能会有介词,在介词前面还可能有其它限定词,这就更复杂一些,需特别注意。

2.状语从句

状语从句有很多种,让步状语从句是个难点。让步状语从句主要由以下一些词或词组引导:though, although, even if, even though, whetheror, no matter wh-(how), whatever(whoever, whichever)

1 _____you must show your ticket to go into the cinema.

  A. No matter whomever you are   B. In whomever you are

  C. Whoever you are             D. No matter who are you

四个选择项中,A中的Whomever多了everB项中in whomever部分格式不对,D项的语序不对,只有C是正确的。

2Young _____ he is, he knows what is a right thing to do.

  A. that   B. as

  C. although   D. however

正确答案是Bas也可以引导让步状语从句,但通常把被强调的形容词或副词等放在句首。

3.宾语从句

宾语从句比较简单,它在主从复合句中充当宾语成份,通常可以由thatif, whetherwhat引导。使用宾语从句时应注意的是,有时可以设it为形式宾语,真正宾语是后边的从句。

例:I always take it for granted that I am far more intelligent than he is.

句子的it指代的是后边that从句的内容。

4.主语从句

主语从句在主从复合句中充当主语,可以引导主语从句的词有what, that以及who, why, where, when等连接代词或连接副词。为避免头重脚轻,特别是在口语中,通常设it为形式主语,与下边这些结构连用。

It is a pity that It is an honor that

It is a shame that It is a good thing that

It is a fact that It is a surprise that

以及

It is strange that It is surprising that

It is true that  It is fortunate that

It is necessary that … It is possible(impossible)that

1It is desirable that he _____.

  Agives up trying   B. give up trying

  C. would give up trying   D. is going to give up trying

答案B。本句也是一种虚拟语气句。

2 _____ I saw was two men crossing the street.

  A. What   B. Whom

  C. Who   D. That

答案为A

资料来源:31省市学位英语网www.31xuewei.com

从句专项练习:

1. ____________ makes mistakes must correct them.

A. What          B. That         C. Whoever          D. Whatever

2. He works too hard. That is __________ is wrong with him.

A. that which     B. that what       C. what            D. the thing what

3. He asked her ___________ she thought she could manage to come the Wednesday of the following week.

A. what          B. that            C. if              D. as

4. Jack could ask for leave on condition _____________ he was really ill.

A. for that         B. that            C. of which        D. in which

5. He spoke confidently, ___________ impressed me most.

A. so that           B. that           C. it            D. which

6. People are still talking about the historic event of years ago, ____________ man walked in space for the first time.

A. when            B. how          C. because        D. while

7. It wasn’t such a good dinner _________ she had promised us.

A. that             B. which          C. as            D. what

8. __________ is known to the world, Mark Twain is a great American writer.

A. That             B. Which         C. As            D. It

9. They decided to chase the cow away ___________ it did more damage.

A. unless             B. until          C. before         D. after

10. I’ll accept any job _________ I don’t have to get up early.

A. lest                B. as long as      C. in case        D. though

练习答案:

1-10    CCCBD   ACCCB

 

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