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    您现在的位置:31省市学位英语网>>黑龙江>>备考经验
2008年黑龙江学位英语真题及答案
2012-11-17 13:47     [ ]

2008年黑龙江省成人本科毕业生申请学士学位

А

英语考试试卷[附答案]

120 minutes

Paper One

(80 minutes)

Part I Vocabulary and Structure (20 points; 25 minutes)

Directions: Each of the following sentences is provided with four choices. Choose

 the one that best completes the sentence. Then, mark your answer by

 blackening the letter of your choice on the Answer Sheet.

1. The criminal dared not go out because he was afraid of _______.

   A. recognizing                     B. having recognized

   C. having been recognized           D. being recognized

2. The job required that _______ at 7 o'clock every morning.

   A. he will be at the factory            B. he be at the factory

   C. he was at the factory               D. he has been at the factory

3. _____ such heavy pollution already, it may now be too late to clean up the river.

   A. Having suffered                             B. Suffering   

   C. To suffer                                       D. Suffered

4. Business letters must always be _____, but we should write in a natural way to friends.

   A. formal                                     B. normal      

   C. former                                     D. casual

5. You should _______ your dreams even if you meet with setbacks.

   A. hold on to                        B. keep up with

   C. suffer from                       D. put up with

6. Only when we live in _______ with nature can we make the most out of it.

   A. cooperation                               B. interaction    

   C. integration                                     D. harmony

7. It is easy to _______ one state of matter from another.

   A. differ                                  B. vary          

   C. distinguish                                 D. discriminate

8. Have you noticed that recently there is a _______ among the students to socialize in the evenings?

   A. fact                                          B. tendency      

   C. notion                                        D. style

9. ___ is announced in the papers, China has launched another man-made satellite.

   A. It                                        B. That

   C. Which                                        D. As

10. Professor Taylor's talk has indicated that science has a very strong       on the everyday life of people.

   A. motivation                                    B. perspective     

   C. impression                               D. impact

11. Which sport has the most expensive training equipment, _______ player's personal equipment and uniforms?

   A. in place of                               B. in terms of   

   C. by means of                              D. by way of

12. It was not until recently      many people began to realize they were wrong.

   A. when                                                 B. while                    

   C. as                                                        D. that

13. Mary said she _______ in this flat for five years.

   A. was living                                         B. has been living    

   C. lives                                                D. had been living

14. A prize will be _______ to the best team.

   A. rewarded                                  B. achieved

   C. received                                   D. awarded

15. Since the matter was extremely        , we dealt with it immediately.

   A. tough                                        B. tense           

   C. urgent                                                 D. instant

16. I was so angry that I        something at him.

   A. felt to throw                          B. felt like to throw

   C. felt like throwing                      D. felt throwing

17. The twin brothers are  _______ in appearance and no one but their parents can tell them apart.

   A. identical                                    B. peculiar      

   C. outstanding                                 D. realistic

18. Her grandmother _______ for 25 years.

   A. died                             B. was dead

   C. has been dead                     D. has died

 

19. Will you do me _______ to translate the Sentence into English.

   A. a help                        B. a favor

   C. the favor                      D. a hand

20. He _______ his brother in appearance but not at all in character.

   A. likes                                        B. seems            

   C. resembles                                    D. is the same as

21. The pen ________ he wrote so many great novels is now carefully preserved.

A. with that                                   B. in which       

C. by which                                     D. with which

22. _______ is a great pleasure to his parents.

   A. Philip to come home               B. Philip come home

   C. Philip's coming home               D. Coming home

23. Scarcely _______ the village when it began to rain.

   A. did we reach                                B. had we reached  

   C. we reached                                 D. we had reached

24. This hotel _______ the one we stayed in last year.

   A. reminds me of                  B. remembers me of

   C. reminds me to                         D. remembers me to

25. George could not _______ his foolish mistake.

   A. account in                                          B. count on       

   C. count for                                      D. account for

26. _______ there is enough snow, we can't go skiing.

   A. Because                                         B. As        

   C. Unless                                        D. However

27. The factory is quite different from _______ before.

  1. what it was                                  B. that it was             

C. which                                           D. what was it

28. One ought      for what one hasn't done.

   A. not to be punished                B. to not be punished

   C. to not punished                 D. not be punished

29. The mayor of the town is a _______ old man.

   A. respective                           B. respectful

   C. respectable                          D. respect

30. We came into this field late, so we must work hard to _______ lost time.

   A. make up for                                  B. make out       

   C. keep up with                                D. put up with

31The building       mostly undamaged after the earthquake and only minor repairs were necessary.

   A. recovered                                    B. prolonged             

   C. lasted                                          D. remained

32. Historians sometimes refer _______ him as the most influential political leader in the 19th century.

   A. against                                        B. about                

   C. to                                             D. after

33. The examination I took yesterday wasn't difficult, but it was       long.

   A. much too                                      B. very much            

   C. so much                                        D. too much

34. He is not _______ to recover from the injury in a week or two.

   A. possible                                        B. probable       

     C. likely                                           D. capable

35. He was suspected of murder because the police had found a shirt _______ with blood in his apartment.

   A. stained                                        B. filled           

   C. littered                                         D. scattered

36. Postmen are responsible for the ____ of letters and parcels to every household.

   A. delivery                                       B. settlement     

   C. division                                        D. recovery

37. The man in the corner confessed to­ ____ a lie to the manager of the company.

   A. tell                                           B. have told      

   C. having told                                             D. being told

38. She _______ her mother's good looks and her father's bad temper.

   A. earned                                        B. associated     

   C. inherited                                       D. recalled

39. Mr. Johnson, together with his assistants,     to arrive on the evening flight.

   A. will be                                        B. are           

   C. are going                                      D. is going

40. Such books poison the minds of _______ young.

   A. a                                            B. the         

   C. this                                          D. that

 

Part II Reading Comprehension (40 points; 40 minutes)

Section 1

Directions: Each of the following passages is followed with five questions. For each

 question there are four choices. Choose the best answer to each

 question. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage:

If we observe carefully, we can find that most of the flowers in nature are red, orange and yellow. If we have seen a black flower, it's a chance in a million. People have made a census (普查) to colors of more than four thousand kinds of flowers and discovered that only eight of them are black. Why?

As we know, sunlight is formed by seven different kinds of colored light. The wave length of each light changes, so the quantity of heat in each light changes, too. Flowers, especially their petals (花瓣), are very delicate (纤弱) and prone (易于) to the harm caused by high temperature. Black flowers can take in all the light waves, which cause the flowers to dry up in a high temperature. So black flowers can rarely survive sunlight. But red flowers, orange flowers and yellow flowers can protect themselves from sunlight by reflecting (反射) the red light, orange light and yellow light, each of which has a large quantity of heat.

That is why red, orange and yellow flowers are very common in nature while black flowers are so rare. 

41. We can hardly find black flowers because       .

     A. they are so weak that it's difficult for them to grow up

     B. there are no black flowers in the world

     C. the petals of black flowers are very delicate

     D. they can take in the light of all wave lengths, which make the flowers dry up

42. Sunlight is formed by       .

     A. many different kinds of colored light

     B. three different kinds of colored light: red, orange and yellow

     C. seven different kinds of colored light

     D. four thousand kinds of colored light

43. Which of the following statement is wrong?

     A. People have found that only a few kinds of flowers are black.

     B. Flowers are easy to be harmed by very high temperature.

     C. Red, orange and yellow flowers can also absorb the light of all wave lengths.

     D. The black flowers can not protect themselves from sunlight.

44. The red, orange or yellow light contains        .

     A. less heat than the other lights     B. more heat than the other lights

     C. a great deal of heat               D. a little heat

45. "It is a chance in a million" means        .

A. it is common                            B. it's extremely rare    

C. it's lucky                                D. it's impossible

 

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage:

There are stock markets in large cities in many countries. Stock markets in Paris, London, Tokyo, Shanghai and New York are among the largest and most well-known. The stock market, also called stock exchange, is a place where people can buy or sell the shares of a factory or company. And each share means part ownership of a factory or company.

Different people go to the stock markets. Some are rich, who want to get more money than they have. Others are not very rich, who buy stocks to try to become rich. Still others buy stocks as part of their plan to save money.

Of course, investing (投资) money in the stock market is not the safest way to make money. No one can tell exactly whether the shares will be doing well. The factory or company may do badly. Then the stocks will go down, and the investors will lose money. The stock may go up or down for a number of untold reasons. Everyone wants the stock to go up, but sometimes even if a factory or company does a good job, the stock may still go down.

No wonder going to the stock market is often compared to gambling(赌博). All are eager to make money by “gambling” in the stock market. Factories and companies that need money are pleased that so many people are willing to “gamble.” Indeed, the stock market is an attractive and complex part of the business world.                                  

46. The following people go to the stock market EXCEPT those who ______.

    A. want to become richer          B. want to get rid of poverty

C. want to save money            D. want to find jobs

47. Which of the following statements is true?

A. A good investor can affect the change in stock prices.

B. A good investor can tell exactly when the stock goes up or down.

C. A good investor will sometimes lose money.

D. A good investor knows how to choose a company which does a good job.

48. In the passage the writer ______.

A. encourages people to go to the stock market

B. assures people that buying stocks is a good investment

C. warns people to be careful in buying stocks

D. explains how stock goes up when factories or companies run well

49. The word “complex” in the last sentence probably means ______.

    A. complete     B. strange     C. difficult     D. modern

50. The passage mainly tells us about ______.

A. the ABCs of stock markets

B. gambling in stock markets

C. how to make money in stock markets

D. how to buy or sell shares in stock markets

 

Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage:

A great difference between American social customs and those of other countries is the way in which names are used. Americans have little concern for "rank", especially socially. Most Americans do not want to be treated in any especially respectful way because of their age or social rank; it makes them feel uncomfortable. Many Americans even find the terms "Mr", "Mrs" or "Miss" too formal. People of all ages may prefer to be called by their first names. "Don't call me Mrs Smith, just call me Sally. " Using only first names usually indicates friendliness and acceptance. However, if you do not feel comfortable using only first names, it is quite acceptable to be more formal. Just smile and say that after a while you will use first names but you are accustomed to being more formal when you first meet someone.

Very often, introductions are made using both first and last names: "Mary Smith, this is John Jones." In this situation you are free to decide whether to call the lady "Mary" or "Miss Smith". Sometimes both of you will begin a conversation using last names, and after a while one or both of you may begin using first names instead. You have a choice: if you don't want to use first names so quickly, no one will think it impolite if you continue according to your own custom.

    51. In the first paragraph the author tells us that ___________.

       A. Americans do not talk about rank, especially socially

       B. Americans feel uncomfortable when talking about rank

       C. Americans take interests in social customs

       D. Americans don't care much about social rank

    52. According to the passage, most Americans feel _________ when they are treated especially respectfully owing to their age or social rank.

       A. sick                          B. sorry

       C. uneasy                       D. embarrassed

    53. Which of the following statements is NOT true?

       A. The way names are used in America is different from those of other countries.

       B. Many Americans are used to being called by their first names.

       C. It shows friendliness and kindness to use only first names.

       D. When you talk to people in the United States, you have to use their first names.

54. When you hear an American lady say "Don't call me Mrs Smith, just call me Sally.", she means _________.

       A. she is not a married woman

       B. she prefers to be called "Sally"

       C. she is not Mrs Smith

       D. she likes to be more formal

55. The passage you've just read would most likely be found in a ____________.

       A. guide-book for tourists

       B. book about American history

C. notice                  

D. short story

 

Section 2

Directions: Read the following passage, and then decide whether the statements are

 true(A) or false (B) (判断对错,对的在答题卡上画A 错的在答题卡

上画B)

Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage:

In America, normally a student must attend a certain number of courses in order to graduate, and each course which he attends gives him a credit which he may count towards a degree. In many American universities the total work for a degree consists of thirty-six courses, each lasting for one semester. A typical course consists of three classes per week for fifteen weeks; while attending a university will probably request attending four or five courses during a semester. Normally a student would expect to take four years, attending two semesters each years. It is possible to spread the period of work for the degree over a longer period. It is also possible for a student to move between one university and another during his degree course, though this is not in fact done as a regular practice.

For every course that he follows, a student is given a grade which is recorded, and the record is available for the student to show to future employers. All this imposes a constant pressure and strain of work, but in spite of this some students still find time for activities in student affairs. Elections to positions in student organizations arouse much enthusiasm. The effective work of maintaining discipline is usually performed by students who advise the school authorities. Any student who is thought to have broken the rules, for example, by cheating, has to appear before a student court. With the enormous number of students, the operation of the system does involve a certain amount of activity. A student who has held one of these positions of authority is much respected and it will be of benefit to him later in his career.              

(   ) 56. Normally a student would at least attend 36 classes each semester.

(   ) 57. According to the first paragraph, an American student is allowed to take a particular course in a different university.

(   ) 58. American university students are usually under pressure of work because

        they have to observe strict discipline.

(   ) 59. Some students are enthusiastic for positions in student organizations

        probably because such positions can help them get better jobs.

(   ) 60. The student organizations seem to be effective in ensuring that the

        students observe university rules.

 

Part III Cloze Test (10 points, 15 minutes)

Directions: Read the passage through. Then, go back and choose one suitable word

 or phrase marked A, B, C, or D for each blank in the passage. Blacken

 the corresponding letter of the word or phrase you have chosen on the

 Answer Sheet.

Monday morning is always the worst morning of the week. Everybody is  61  ; everybody is_62  a hurry. Last Monday was   63  worse than usual. "Hurry up, Dick!" father shouted 64   he banged on the bathroom door. "I've got a train to catch!" "I'm shaving." Dick answered. "I'll be out in a _65  ." "Breakfast's ready." mother called 66  the kitchen. 67  she got no reply, she came upstairs to see 68  was going on. "Where's David?" she asked. "Is he still 69  bed?" She knocked at his bedroom door 70  ."You'd better 71  up." she called. "It's a quarter to eight. Your breakfast's getting cold!" "I don't feel 72  any breakfast." David mumbled. "I'll have another five minutes sleep 73  . "

    Mother was 74  to go into his room and drag him out of bed 75  the doorbell rang. She  76  downstairs to open the door. 77   was the postman. "Good morning, Mrs. Grawford," he said  78  . "It's a lovely day, isn't it?" "You  79   think so if you lived here. "mother answered. "  80  Mondays this place is like a madhouse."

61. A. asleep                     B. sleepy                    C. sleeping                 D. slept

62. A. for                    B. a                             C. in                           D. to

63. A. more          B. very                      C. even              D. too

64. A. as          B. so                 C. since             D. for

65. A. time           B. minute                    C. while            D. hour

66. A. to          B. from              C. for                D. of

67. A. If            B. As if               C. As               D. Though

68. A. that                B. which              C. what               D. it

69. A. in          B. on                 C. to                D. at

70. A. loudly              B. aloud              C. loud              D. loudness

71. A. to get       B. getting                    C. got               D. get

72. A. love        B. like               C. to love            D. to like

73. A. too         B. either                     C. besides           D. instead

74. A. soon        B. about              C. once              D. already

75. A. while       B. as                 C. since             D. when

76. A. came         B. went               C. hurried            D. walked

77. A. He           B. It                 C. Which             D. Who

78. A. gladly              B. sadly             C. madly             D. cheerfully

79. A. shouldn't      B. wouldn't          C. needn't            D. mustn't

80. A. In          B. At                C. To                 D. On

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A

Paper Two

(40 minutes)

 

卷二总分

核分人

复核人

 

 

 

 

Part IV Translation from English into Chinese (15 points; 20 minutes)

Directions: There are 5 English sentences in this part. You are asked to translate these sentences into Chinese.

 


阅卷人

复查人

 

 

 

 

81. When he woke up, he realized that the things he had dreamt about could not have happened.

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

82. If our group can't do the project alone, the budget allows us to ask for temporary help.

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

83. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for his great achievement in promoting world peace.

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

84. Everything around us is due to the skill, labor and energy of those who went before us along the road of life.

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

85. Teachers of children need to set standards high enough to challenge them, but not so high as to prevent them from succeeding.

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________


Part V Writing (15 points; 20 minutes)

阅卷人

复查人

 

 

 

Directions: For this part, you are required to write a short essay of about 100 words to say something about how once you were helped by a stranger(陌生人). Your essay should include the following information.

 

 

 

1. 何时,何地你遇到什么困难

2. 一位陌生人是如何帮助你的

3. 你有什么感想

                                                                               

                                                                              

                                                                              

                                                                               

                                                                              

08题答案及评分原则 A

 

1.DBAAA    6.DCBDD   11.BDDDC  16.CACBC 

21.DCBAD  26.CAACA   31DCACA   36.ABCDB

41-45. DCCCB  46-50 DCCCA  51-55DCDBA

56.BABAA

61-80   BCCAB  BCCAA  DBDBD   CBDBD

 

81. When he woke up, he realized that the things he had dreamt about could not have

happened.

82. If our group can't do the project alone, the budget allows us to ask for temporary

  help.

83. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for his great achievement in promoting world

 peace.

84. Everything around us is due to the skill, labor and energy of those who went before us along the road of life.

85. Teachers of children need to set standards high enough to challenge them, but not

 so high as to prevent them from succeeding.

81. 他醒来时意识到, 他梦到的事情 是不可能发生的.

82. 如果我们小组不能独自完成计划, 预算允许我们 请求临时帮助.

83. 他因为对促进世界和平 所取得的成就 而被授予诺贝尔奖.

84. 我们周围的一切都是 在人生道路上走在我们前面的人的技能, 劳动, 和精

力所带来的.

85. 教小孩的老师为孩子设定的标准 应当对他们有挑战性, 又不高得使他们不

能成功.

 

 

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