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2013年黑龙江学位英语样题一
2012-11-17 13:48     来源:31省市学位英语网  [ ]

2013年黑龙江省学位英语考试样题1

                           

Part I. Vocabulary and Structure (10 points; 15 minutes) 

Directions: Each of the following sentences is provided with four choices. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

1. In no circumstances __________ a lie.

A. you should tell                       B. shouldn't you tell

  C. you shouldn't tell              D. should you tell

2. __________they managed to take from the tombs, there seemed to be no end to the valuable.

  A. What                                               B. Which    

C. How much                                       D. However much

3. The ten-page report may __________ one simple point: it’s impractical to establish a chemical plant in that region with so many difficulties and oppositions.

A. get down to                                      B. come down to   

C. settle down                                       D. take down

4. Don’t do that again! You not only endangered yourself, but also put your friend __________.

  A. as a result                                  B. at length   

C. at risk                                         D. by mistake

5. “Perhaps you should go home now.” “No, I __________ on staying here for a while longer.”

A. persist                                       B. stick   

C. sit                                                    D. insist

6. __________ a major disaster will get us to realize that we can’t go on destroying the rain forests of the world.

A. Anything but                           B. Nothing but        

C. But that                                      D. Everything hut

7. We went very often to Hyde Park __________ speakers addressed the passing crowds on different subjects.

A. which                                 B. where            

C. that                                           D. for

8. The matter __________ you were arguing about last night had been settled.

  A. as                                     B. that            

C. for which                                       D. what

9. The Chinese Red Cross __________ a generous sum to the relief of the physically disabled.

  A. assigned                                       B. contributed    

C. furnished                                     D. administered

10. The motorway __________ we drive to work is always crowded.

  A. that                                                B. on which           

C. which                                    D. on that

11. If he __________ promotion, he would be an important man today.

  A. gained                                        B. had gained      

C. gains                                      D. was to gain

12. Will the AIDS patients benefit __________ the new drug?

  A. out of                                        B. through           

C. upon                                      D. from 

13. Fond of singing as she is, she is __________ a good singer by profession.

  A. everything but                                B. anything but       

C. nothing but                                      D. something but

14. Could you tell me __________ to fly from Chicago to New York?

  A. it costs how much                      B. how much does it cost

  C. how much costs it                      D. how much it costs

15. I was very tired. Otherwise, I ___________ to the theatre with you.

  A. had gone                               B. would go         

C. went                                            D. would have gone

16. He couldn’t even __________ a cow from a horse.   

  A. tell                                           B. contrast        

C. compare                                        D. recognize

17. Are you sure Mr. Johnson will show you __________ the new computer?

  A. to use                                          B. using            

C. how to use                                        D. what to use

18. Quite a lot of people watch TV only to __________ time.

  A. waste                                      B. spend     

C. kill                                            D. pass

19. The soldiers were put in prison because they __________ to obey orders..

A. refused                                    B. rejected           

C. denied                                      D. objected

20. I missed the train and __________ was late for school.

A. finally                                   B. eventually         

C. subsequently                                   D. consequently

 

Part II. Cloze Test (10 points20 minutes)

Directions: Read the passage through. Then, go back and choose one suitable word or phrase

          marked A, B, C, or D for each blank in the passage. Blacken the corresponding

          letter of the word or phrase you have chosen on the Answer Sheet.

Geography is the study of the relationship between people and the land .Geographers(地理学家)compare and contrast   21   places on the earth. But they also   22   beyond the individual places and consider the earth as a   23  . The world geography   24   from two Greek words, ge, the Greek word for “earth” and graphein,   25   means “to write”. The English word geography means, “to describe the earth”.   26   Geography books focus on a small area   27   a town or city. Others deal with a state, a region, a nation, or an   28   

continent. Many geography books deal with the whole earth. Another   29   to divide the study of   30   is to distinguish between physical geography and cultural geography. The former focuses on the natural world; the   31   starts with human beings and   32   how human beings and their subject,   33   branch can neglect the other. But when geography is considered as a single subject,   34   branch can neglect the other.

A geographer might be described   35   one who observes records and explains the __36_

between places. If places   37   alike, there would be little need for geographers.

We know, however,   38   no two places are exactly the same. Geography,   39   is a point of view, a special way of   40   at places.

21. A. similar       B. various           C. distant         D. famous

22. A. pass         B. reach             C. go            D. set

23. A. whole       B. unit               C. part           D. total

24. A. falls         B. removes           C. results         D. comes

25. A. what         B. that              C. which          D. it

26. A. Some        B. Many             C. Most          D. Few

27. A. outside       B. except            C. like           D. as

28. A. extensive     B. enormous          C. overall         D. entire

29. A. way         B. means             C. habits         D. technique

30. A. world        B. earth              C. globe          D. geography

31. A. second       B. latter              C. next           D. later

32. A. learns        B. realizes            C. studies         D. believes

33. A. upon         B. for                C. as            D. to

34. A. either        B. neither             C. one           D. each

35. A. for          B. to                 C. by            D. as

36. A. exception     B. differences         C. sameness       D. divisions

37. A being         B. are                C. were          D. be

38. A. although      B. whether            C. since          D. that

39. A. then         B. nevertheless         C .still           D. moreover

40. A. working      B. getting             C. arriving        D. looking

 

Part III. Reading Comprehension (40 points; 55 minutes)

Section 1

Directions: Each of the following three passages is followed by some questions. For each question there are four choices. Choose the best answer to each question. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage One

Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage.

Banks are ordinarily prepared to pay out all accounts; they rely on depositors not to demand payment all at the same time. If depositors should come to fear that a bank is not sound, that it cannot pay off its depositors, then that fear might cause all the depositors to appear on the same day. If they did, the bank could not pay all the accounts. However, if they did not all appear at once, then there would always be funds to pay those who wanted their money when they wanted it. Mrs. Elsie Vaught has told us of a terrifying bank run that she experienced. One day in December of 1925 several banks failed to open in a city where Mrs. Vaught lived. The other banks anticipated a run the next day, and so the officers of the bank in which Mrs. Vaught worked as a teller had enough funds in hand to pay off as many depositors as might apply. The officers simply instructed the tellers to pay on demand. Next morning a crowd gathered in the bank and on the sidewalk outside. The length of the line convinced many that the bank could not possibly pay off everyone. People began to push and then to fight for places near the tellers’ windows. Clothing was torn and limbs were broken, but the jam continued for hours. The power of the panic atmosphere is evident in the fact that two tellers, though they knew that the bank was sound and could pay out all depositors, nevertheless withdrew the funds in their own accounts. Mrs. Vaught says that she had difficulty restraining herself from doing the same.

41. A bank run occurs when __________.

   A. a bank is closed for one or more days

   B. too many depositors attempt to draw out their money at one time

   C. there is not enough money to pay all of its depositors at one time

   D. employees of a bank take their own funds out of the bank

42. The tellers in Mrs. Vaught’s bank were told to __________.

   A. explain why they could not pay out all deposits

   B. pay out deposits as requested

   C. assure customers that the bank was sound

   D. pay out money as slowly as possible

43. The essential cause of a run on a bank is __________.

   A. loss of confidence   B. lack of sufficient funds

   C. crowds of people    D. inefficient tellers

44. Which of the following did Mrs. Vaught say?

   A. She knew that the bank was not sound.

   B. She feared that too many withdrawals would close the bank.

   C. She was not able to draw out her money.

   D. She was tempted to draw out her money.

45. According to the passage, the actions of the customers of Mrs. Vaught’s bank were influenced chiefly by the __________.

   A. ease with which they could obtain their money

   B. confidence demonstrated by other customers of the bank

   C. confidence that Mrs. Vaught demonstrated

   D. failure of several other banks to open

 

Passage Two

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage. 

Gravity holds us so dose to the Earth's surface that nobody can jump more than a few feet into the air without the force of gravity pulling him down. It takes a powerful engine to keep an airplane up in the air. If you throw a ball upwards as hard as you can, you will notice that it travels in a curved path before it comes back to the ground. If the Earth had no gravity, the ball, instead of traveling in a curve, would move away in a straight line; in fact, it would never come back to the ground. If the Earth were to lose its pull of gravity, we should all fly off it as it spins round in space. The Earth has a strong pull, but modem rockets going out into space are able to escape from the gravity, because they travel so quickly. With the ball thrown into the air, the height reached by the ball depends upon how hard it is thrown. The greater the starting-speed, the higher the ball will go. If it could be thrown so that it traveled fast enough, the ball would escape into space and never come back. Nobody can throw a ball as fast at this, but powerful rocket engines can send spaceships away from the Earth at such a speed that the Earth's gravity is not able to pull them back. This is how we can now send rockets to the Moon.

46. Gravity holds us dose the Earth's surface, and as a result, __________.

A. we can lift ourselves no more than a few feet above the Earth

B. nobody can jump a few feet into the air

C. no one will be pulled down

D. any one of us can Jump as high as expected

47. What would happen to a ball thrown upwards if there were no gravity?

A. It would spin round in space.            

B. It would fly off into space

C. It would fall into a curved path.          

D. It would move towards the Earth.

48. The ball thrown into the air would never come back to the ground __________.

A. without such a powerful horizontal push   

B. if it were thrown upwards as hard as you can

C. should it travel in a curved path          

D. were it not for gravity

49. The height the ball will reach depends on __________.

A. the escape velocity                     B. the limiting velocity

C. its starting velocity                     D. its traveling speed

50. What is it that makes it possible to put a spaceship into orbit?

A. the Earth's gravity                      B. a strong pull

C. a powerful engine                      D. the powerful rocket engine

 

Passage Three

Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage.

Does a bee know what is going on its mind when it navigates its way to distant food sources and back to the hive, using polarized sunlight and the tiny magnet it carries as an aid? Or is the bee just a machine? (Unable to do its mathematics and dance its language in any other way to use Donald Griffin’s term) Does a bee have “awareness”, or to use a phrase I like better, can a bee think and imagine?

There is an experiment for this, or at least an observation, made long ago by Karl Von Frisch and more recently confirmed by James Gould at Princeton, biologists who wish to study such things as bees to fly from the hive to one or another special place. To do this, they begin by placing a source of sugar very close to the hive so that the bees can learn what the game is about. Then, at regular intervals, the dish or whatever is moved progressively farther and farther from the hive.

Eventually, the target is being moved 100 feet or more at a jump, very far from the hive. Sooner or later, while this process is going on, the geologists shifting the dish of sugar will find the bees are out there waiting for them precisely where the next position had been planned. This is an uncomfortable observation to make.

51. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

   A. The Bee Hive: Nature’s Candy Shop

   B. Testing the Awareness of Bees

   C. Navigational Techniques of Birds and Insects

   D. Behaviorists Versus Biologists: A Zoological Debate

52. In the second paragraph why is Karl Von Frisch mentioned?

   A. To introduce his observation on bee behavior.

   B. To contrast his theories with those of James Gould.

   C. To give credit to his description of the bee hive.

   D. To support the argument that bees use sunlight to navigate.

53. According to the author, why was sugar used in the study?

   A. To keep the bees nourished and healthy during the experiment.

   B. To train the bees to travel to a particular place.

   C. To reward the bees for performing the experiment correctly.

   D. To ensure that the bees did not sting the scientists.

54. The result of the experiment explained in the passage seems to indicate which of the following?

   A. Research using bees is too dangerous to be conducted successfully.

   B. Bees are unable to navigate beyond 100 feet of their hive.

   C. Scientists can teach bees to speak to people.

   D. Bees are able to perform limited reasoning tasks.

55. Which of the following best describes the format of the passage?
A. a response to criticism

   B. a comparison of two competing theories

   C. a question followed by a possible answer

   D. a position supported by scientific debate

 

Section 2

Directions: Read the following passage, and then decide whether the statements are true (A) or false (B). Then blacken the corresponding letterA or Bon the Answer Sheet. (对的在答题卡上划A, 错的在答题卡上划B)

Passage Four

Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage:

Mrs. Green gave her husband her letters to post when he was going to work. But sometimes Mr. Green forgot to do so and kept them in his pocket for days.

   One fine morning in March, Mrs. Green asked him to post a letter. “Please post this letter and don’t forget,’ she said. Mr. Green put the letter in his pocket and said, “I am sure to post this one.” Mrs. Green smiled and said, “Yes, I believe that you will this time.” Mrs. Green looked at his back, and was still smiling when she closed the door.

   Mr. Green walked slowly along the street. Soon a man came up from behind him. When he walked by, the man looked back and smiled, “Don’t forget to post the letter!”

   Then a girl walked by, and she turned and smiled, too. “Don’t forget to post that letter!” she said.

   Mr. Green said to himself, “Why are these people smiling at me? And how do they know I have a letter to post?”

   At last he came to a post office, posted the letter, and walked on. But after a while, a boy came up from behind him and asked him, “Did you post your letter?”

   “Yes, I did,” said Mr. Green.

   “Then I can take off this paper,” said the boy.

   He took a large piece of paper from the back of Mr. Green’s coat and showed it to him. On the paper were these words – “Ask him to post the letter.”          

(   ) 56. Mrs. Green asked her husband to post her letters on his way home.

(   ) 57. Mr. Green sometimes forgot to post the letters immediately.

(   ) 58. Many people in the street knew Mr. Green.

(   ) 59. Mr. Green had his wife put the large piece of paper on his back.

(   ) 60. The paper on his back was a good hint to help Mr. Green remember to post

 the letter.

Paper Two

(60 minutes)

Part IV. Short Answer Questions (10 points; 15 minutes)

Directions: In this part there is a short passage with five questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words (not exceeding 10 words.) Write your answers on the Answer Sheet of Paper Two. (请将此部分的答案写在试卷二的答题纸上)

Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage. 

Thank—you cards seem to be rare in an age when the Internet continues to reduce human contact

   Although our society has changed greatly over the past centurythe etiquette (礼节) of thank-you notes has not

   While most people would agree that thank-you notes are a necessitythere are still those who forever delay or are forgetful for unknown reasons

   And at no time of the year are thank-you notes more obvious (or lacking) than JuneThe month of brides and graduationsand the beginning of summer parties

   “It’s a must-do thingA real thank-you does not come by e-mailThey come in the mail in an envelope. And what comes out of an envelope is a beautiful thing to touch and to pass around for everyone to read”said etiquette expert Letitia Baldrige

   Don’t think for a second that Baldrige is old-fashioned. Handwritten thank-you notes-any

handwritten lettersfor that matter-have taken on an air of extra importance and dignity (尊严) in

this e-hyper (超电子) world

   Baldrige remains hopeful that the art may be enjoying a renaissance (复兴)

   More than simply obeying rules of etiquettethank-you cards are a sign of caring

“They’re more important now than ever”expert Peter Post says“You’re building a relationshipAnd part of building that relationship is that you acknowledge (表示谢意) when someone has done something nice for you’’

   The payoff (回报)Post sayscan be huge“It perpetuates (延续)”he says“The more we do itthe more it comes back to usand it’s a benefit to us a11It makes our world a little bit nicer place to live in.”

61. The writer thinks the Internet ________________________________________.

62. Baldrige argues that a thank-you note should be __________________________ 

63. A thank-you note should be handwritten because it takes on an air of _________

 ____________________

64. To build a relationshipyou should give thanks to someone who

________________________

65. The passage is mainly about _______________________________________.

 

Part V. Writing (30 points; 45 minutes)

 

Task 1 (10points; 15minutes)

Directions: Write a letter of about 80 words (从略)

 

Task 2 (20points; 30minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are required to write a short essay of about 150 words

 (从略)

答案:

1-5  DDBCD          6-10  BBBBB        11-15 BDBDD.    16-20 ACCAD 

21-25 B CADC         26-30 ACDAD        31-35 BCABD     36-40 BCDAD

41-45 BBADD          46-50 ABDCD        51-55 BABDC     56-60 F T F F T

61. reduces human contact

62. handwritten and sent in an envelope

63. extra importance and dignity

64. has done something nice for you

65. the role of thank-you notes

 

 

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