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2013年黑龙江省学位英语考试样题二
2012-11-17 13:50     来源:31省市学位英语网  [ ]

2013年黑龙江省学位英语考试样题二

                             

(150 minutes)

 

Part I. Vocabulary and Structure (10 points; 15 minutes) 

Directions: Each of the following sentences is provided with four choices. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

1. Last week I __________ an old friend of mine in the store.

A. ran off                                         B. ran away with  

C. ran into                                             D. ran over

2. He prefers living alone in a quiet village __________ living in a city.

  A. than                                      B. more than          

C. rather than                                        D. to

3. “Would you like to go for a walk?” “Yes, it's __________ day!”

  A. so beautiful the                                 B. so a beautiful  

C. such a beautiful                                 D. such beautiful a

4. I don't skate now, but I __________ when I was a kid.

A. used to do it                                B. used to doing it    

C. used to                                     D. used to do

5. Work hard __________ you will pass the examination.

A. and                                   B. if                

C. now that                                    D. these

6. Shakespeare is the greatest poet __________ England has ever had.

  A. whose                                      B. that               

C. who                                           D. which

7. Now the problem of energy is becoming critical. It __________ an immediate

solution.

  A. calls for                                          B. calls on         

C. calls up                                       D. calls at

8. I __________ a doctor now, if I had studied medical science in my youth.

A. were                                               B. should be           

C. had been                                             D. should have been

9. He ran all the way home and arrived __________ breath.

  A. without                                    B. lack of         

C. beyond                                       D. out of

10. Father said such a thing __________ to happen again.

  A. ought to be not allowed            B. ought not to be allowed

  C. ought to be allowed not            D. not ought to be allowed

11. He was very busy yesterday; otherwise he __________ to the meeting.

A. had come                                   B. would come   

C. could come                                      D. would have come

12. I still cannot __________ why she did such a foolish thing.

  A. figure out                                            B. take in   

C. make out                                      D. refer to

13. No sooner had we arrived __________ it began to rain heavily.

  A. as                                             B. when             

C. than                                               D. while

14. __________ the way, we set off on foot into the dark night.

A. With the guide leading                  B. The guide leads

C. The guide led                         D. With the guide lead

15. My father gave up smoking by __________ the number of cigarettes every day.

  A. cutting back                                     B. cutting in  

C. cutting off                                     D. cutting out

16. __________ him do this job by himself?

A. Why don't let                                   B. Why not let        

C. Why not letting                                 D. Why you not let

17. __________ no gravity, there would be no air around the earth.

  A. Were there                                  B. Was there         

C. There were                                 D. There be

18. I know it's not important but I can't help __________ about it.

  A. to think                                         B. thinking        

C. and think                                        D. think

19. A small child has to learn to keep its __________ before it can walk far.

A. temper                                      B. sense             

C. balance                                        D. way

20. Darkness __________ in, the youngsters lingered on merrymaking (嬉戏).

A. setting                                      B. set               

C. sets                                                D. to set

 

Part II. Cloze Test (10 points20 minutes)

Directions: Read the passage through. Then, go back and choose one suitable word

 or phrase marked A, B, C, or D for each blank in the passage. Blacken

 the corresponding letter of the word or phrase you have chosen on the

 Answer Sheet.

Before the 20th century the horse provided day to day transportation in the United States. Trains were used only for long-distance transportation. Today the car is the most popular   21 

of transportation in all of the U.S. It has completely   22   the horse as a means of everyday transportation. American use their car for   23   90 per cent of all personal   24  .

Most Americans are able to   25   cars. The average price of a   26   made car was $ 2, 050 in 1950, $ 2, 740 in 1960 and up to $ 4, 750   27   1975. During this period American car manufacturers set about   28   their products and work efficiency.

As a result, the yearly income of the   29   family increased from 1950 to 1975   30   than the price of cars. For this reason   31   a new car takes a smaller   32   of a family's total earnings today.

In 1951   33   it took 8.1 months of an average family's   34   to buy a new car. In 1962 a new car   35   8.3 of a family's annual earnings. By 1975 it only took 4.75   36   income. In addition, the 1975 cars were technically   37   to models from previous years.

The   38   of the automobile extends throughout the economy   39   the car is so important to Americans. Americans spend more money to   40   their cars running than on any other item.

21. A. kinds    B. sort         C. means        D. types

22. A. denied   B. reproduced   C. replaced       D. ridiculed

23. A. hardly;   B. nearly       C. certainly      D. somehow

24. A. trips     B. work        C. business      D. travels

25. A. buy      B. sell         C. race          D. see

26. A. quickly   B. rapidly      C. regularly      D. recently

27. A. on       B. in          C. behind        D. about

28. A. raising    B. making     C. reducing       D. improving

29. A. unusual   B. interested    C. average       D. biggest

30. A. slowest   B. equal        C. faster         D. less

31. A. bringing   B. obtaining    C. bought        D. purchasing

32. A. part      B. half         C. number       D. side

33. A. clearly    B. proportionally C. percentage     D. suddenly

34. A. income   B. work         C. plans         D. debts

35. A. used     B. spent         C. cost          D. needed

36. A. months'   B. dollar's       C. family        D. year

37. A. famous   B. superior       C. fastest        D. inferior

38. A. running   B. notice        C. influence      D. discussion

39. A. then      B. as           C. so            D. which

40. A. start      B. leave        C. keep          D. repair

 

Part III. Reading Comprehension (40 points; 55 minutes)

Section 1

Directions: Each of the following three passages is followed by some questions. For each question there are four choices. Choose the best answer to each question. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage One

Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage.

"The beauty of Wuyishan Mountain will amaze you." my Chinese friends said when told I would visit the nature reserve of Wuyishan Mountain. While I was impatient to verify their comments, I was skeptical. As a Canadian I am accustomed to large acres of greenery and vast forests.

But now, I must confess my impression was wrong. I was not aware that a nature reserve could embody such splendid scenery and offer such startling glimpse of history and ancient culture. In a country of 1.2 billion inhabitants, I have discovered the marvel of a nature coexists in harmony and where modem life does not disrupt the rhythm of nature.

The reserve is divided into four zones for protection and conservation which offer unique character; the conservation zone of biodiversity in the west, the ecological conservation zone of the Jiuquxi River in the center, the natural and cultural zone in the east, and finally, the ruins of the imperial Minyue City of the Han Dynasty in the village of Chengcun. These zones formed a total environment, which since 1987 has been recognized as part of the global network Man and Biosphere. To further promote preservation of this site, China has requested that Wuyishan Mountain reserve be listed as a Natural and Cultural World Heritage site of UNESCO.

41. What's the author's reaction after he heard that "the beauty of Wuyishan Mountain will amaze you"?

A. Eager to verity but doubtful                  

B. Eager to appreciate the beauty

C. Doubtful of its real beauty                   

D. Indifferent and skeptical.

42. What does the word "confess" mean?

A. conclude          B. confer           C. accept           D. admit

43. According to the passage, what is the characteristic of Wuyishan Mountain?

A. greenery and vast forests               

B. harmonious coexistence of man and nature

C. splendid scenery                      

D. rhythm of nature

44. What's the zone in the west known for?

A. natural beauty                        B. cultural diversity

C. ecological conservation                 D. conservation of biodiversity

45. What does the word "biosphere" (Line 5. Para. 3.) mean?

A. atmosphere   B. circumstance    C. nature    D. ecology

 

Passage Two

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage. 

You do not need every word to understand the meaning of what you read. In fact, too much emphasis on individual words both slows your speed and reduces your comprehension. You will be given the chance to prove this to yourself, but meanwhile, let us look at the implications.

   First, any habit which slows down your silent reading to the speed at which you speak, or read aloud, is inefficient. If you point to each word as you read, or move your head, or form the word with your lips, you read poorly. Less obvious habits also hold back reading efficiency. One is "saying" each word silently by moving your tongue or throat or vocal cords .another "hearing" each word you read.

   These are habits which should have been outgrown long ago. The beginning reader is learning how letters can make words, how written words are pronounced, and how sentences are put together. Your reading purpose is quite different; it is to understand meaning.

   It has been estimated that up to 75 % of the words in English sentences are not really necessary for conveying the meaning. The secret of silent reading is to seek out those key words and phrases which carry the thought, and to pay less attention to words which exist only for the sake of grammatical completeness.

   An efficient reader can grasp the meaning from a page at least twice as fast as he can read the page loud. Unconsciously perhaps, he takes in whole phrase or thought unit at a time. If he "says" or "hears" word to himself, they are selected ones, said for emphasis.

46. This passage is mainly about __________.

A. Improving eye movements         B. reading more widely

C. eliminating poor reading habits     D. concentrating while reading

47. Saying each word to yourself as you read __________.

A. improves comprehension          B. increases reading speed

C. prevents regression               D. hinders reading efficiency

48. Your reading purpose should be __________.

A. to understand all words           

B. to make fewer eye movements

C. to understand the meaning   

D. to understand the grammatical structures

49. It has been estimated that up to 75 % of words in English sentences are __________.

A. grammatically unnecessary

B. essential to the meaning

C. not absolutely essential to grasp the meaning

D. regressed more than once by poor reader

50. Efficient readers usually __________.

A. move their heads quickly      

B. take in whole phrases at a time

C. point at key words           

D. miss some important points for readers

 

Passage Three

Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage.

In order to learn a foreign language well, it is necessary to overcome the fear of making mistakes. If the primary goal of language use is communication, then mistakes are secondary considerations that may be dealt with gradually as awareness of those mistakes increases. On the other hand, students should not ignore their mistakes. The language learner may observe how native speakers express themselves, and how native expressions differ from the way the learner might say them. For example, a Spanish speaker who has been saying “I do it” to express willingness to do something in the immediate future, could, by interacting with native speakers of English, observe that native speakers actually say “I’ll do it.”

       The resulting discrepancy can serve as a basis for the student to modify his way of

 using the present tense in English. But a student who is unwilling to interact in the first

 place would lose this opportunity to learn by trial and error.

   

 51. According to the passage, the present tense in English is __________.

        A. not used to express a desire to do something in the immediate future

        B. used with some verbs but not with others to express future intention

        C. basically the same in English as it is in Spanish

        D. not the most difficult problem for foreign students

     52. According to the passage, language learners can reduce the number of their mistakes by __________.

        A. asking native speakers for explanations

        B. reading good books in the foreign language

        C. comparing their speech with that of native speakers

        D. speaking without regard to native speakers

     53. According to the passage, foreign language speakers will NOT __________.

        A. learn very much about the foreign culture

        B. learn about the history of the foreign language

        C. have no worry about making mistakes

        D. take advantage of available language models

     54. According to the passage, foreign language students should not worry too much about making mistakes because __________.

        A. native speakers like foreign students who try to learn their language.

        B. communication is the primary goal of language learning

        C. native speaker will ignore their mistakes

        D. everyone makes mistakes when trying to communicate in a strange language

     55. The author’s major conclusion about the function of mistakes in foreign language learning is that __________.

        A. mistakes are not important in the process of learning a language

        B. learners are often very afraid of making mistakes

        C. making mistakes can help the learner discover the rules of the language

        D. native speakers often do not tell foreign language learners about their mistakes

 

Section 2

Directions: Read the following passage, and then decide whether the statements are true (A) or false (B). Then blacken the corresponding letterA or Bon the Answer Sheet. (对的在答题卡上划A, 错的在答题卡上划B)

Passage Four

Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage:

Just look around at any school or shopping mall and you’ll see (and hear) one thing for sure: Teens are head over heels for cell phones. By 2005, two out of three Americans between the ages of 10 and 19 will be mobile, say experts at the Boston-based research firm Yankee Group. Yet a troubling question dogs cell phone use: Do the phones possibly cause brain cancer?

Two new studies – one funded by the cell phone industry and the US government, the other by the National Cancer institute – claim: Probably not.

   The studies compared 1,251 brain cancer patients with 1,221 cancer-free people. All subjects were short-term cell phone users who chatted less than three hours per month and owned a cell phone for three years. Neither study proved a conclusive link between using cell phones and brain cancer. “But these studies don’t answer the questions, is it absolutely impossible for cell phones to cause brain cancer?” says John Molders, a cancer specialist at the Medical College of Wisconsin.]

Yet not all scientists agree cell phones are harmless. Previous research has shown a possible link between cell phones and brain cancer in animals, says Louis Slewing, editor of Microwave News. The issue is far from settled, he says.

   Cell phones emit an invisible type of energy called radio waves. When you speak into a digital cell phone, your vocal vibrations are converted into digital signals (a series of on-off pulses). The phone’s antenna then transmits the signals as radio waves, which bounce between radio towers and satellites in orbit above Earth.

   While both sending and receiving calls, your cell phone emits a tiny amount of energy – less than one watt (energy unit per second) – next to your ear. Many experts think radio waves are harmless, even at the close range. Others however, think, “the jury is still out.”

(   ) 56. Two-thirds of Americans will use mobile phone by 2005.

(   ) 57. There’s still not definite conclusion as to whether cell phone cause brain

 cancer.

(   ) 58. A research proves that the use of cell phones causes brain cancer in animals.

(   ) 59. Cell phone transmits vocal vibrations from one to another.

(   ) 60. Experts are divided about the harmlessness of radio waves.

 

Paper Two

(60 minutes)

Part IV. Short Answer Questions (10 points; 15 minutes)

Directions: In this part there is a short passage with five questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words (not exceeding 10 words.) Write your answers on the Answer Sheet of Paper Two. (请将此部分的答案写在试卷二的答题纸上)

 

Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage. 

Wally worked in a shop that sold clocksOne day his next door neighbor, Harry, came into his shop. Harry was very stingy(吝啬的)Wally said to him“When are you going to buy a c1ock?”

“Never,” Harry said“I don’t need a clock

“Everyone needs a clock" Wally said“How do you know when to get up?”

 “The man who lives on the other side of me turns on his radio at seven o’clock, ” Harry said“I hear the announcer say‘The time is seven o’clockHere is the news.’”

  “OKBut how do you know when to go to work ? ”

  “By the time I get out of bedwash and shave (剃胡子)it's half past seven," Harry said“By the time I’ve eaten my breakfastit's eight o’clocktime to leave for the officeBy the time I get to the bus stopit’s ten past eight. The bus arrives in a few minutes and by the time it gets to my stopthe time is half past eightThat’s the time I start work

 “OK. But how do you know when it’s time to go home?” Wally said

 “The factory siren (号笛) rings’’

  “How do you know when it’s time to go to bed?”

  “The television programs come to an end

  “0K” Wally shoutedreally angry“Now tell me what would happen if you woke up in the middle of the night and wanted to know the time?”

 “That’s easy”Harry said“I’ve got a hammer.”

 “A hammer! What good is a hammer?”

“I use it to knock on your wall. You’d shout at me‘What are you doing knocking on my wall at three o’clock in the morning?’”

61. Wally talked to Harry in the hope that ______________________.

62. Harry found out it was time to get up by_________________________.

63. It took Harry_______________________ from home to the office.

64. According to Harrythe end of_______________________ was a signal for him

 to go to bed.

65.It can be learned from the passage that Wally failed to persuade Harry into

 _______________.

 

Part V. Writing (30 points; 45 minutes)

 

Task 1 (10points; 15minutes)

Directions: Write a letter of about 80 words (从略)

 

Task 2 (20points; 30minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are required to write a short essay of about 150 words

 (从略)

 

 

 

答案:

1-5. CDCCA      6-10. BABDB     11-15.D ACAA     16-20.B ABCA

21-25.BCBAA    26-30.DBDCC     31-35.DABAC     36-40.ABCBC

41-45.ADBDC    46-50.CDCCB     51-55.ACDBC     56-60.F T F F T

61. Harry would buy a clock

62. 1istening to his neighbor’s radio

63. half an hour

64. the television programs

65. buying a clock

 

 

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