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    您现在的位置:31省市学位英语网>>黑龙江>>备考经验
2013年黑龙江学位英语模拟试题
2012-11-17 13:50     来源:31省市学位英语网  [ ]

黑龙江大学外语部

2012年黑龙江省成人学位英语考试模拟试题

150 minutes

 

Paper One

(90 minutes)

 

Part I. Vocabulary and Structure (10 points; 15 minutes) 

Directions: Each of the following sentences is provided with four choices. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

1.    Having lost his job and his family, Jerry felt himself __________ by anger and sadness.

       A. experienced   B. overcome   C. experience   D. overcame

2.    Having ___________ the bear in the woods for one week, the man was almost out of food.

       A. caught       B. shot       C. trailed       D. seeking

3.    Laura lost her patience finally and asked her mother to stop ____________ .

       A. to make a fuss   B. fussing   C.    to fuss   D. fussing up

4.    A dancer has to practice hundreds of times to achieve ___________ in performance.

       A. successfully   B. excellence   C. amazingly   D. high

5.    After a(n) ___________ rise in prices of daily purchases, people feel that money is tight.

       A. acceptable   B. expensive   C. massive   D. explosion

6.    Admired by people in many nations, Mr. Zhou Enlai is ___________ among the world's

    greatest leaders.

       A. regarded   B. considered   C. believed    D. ranked

7.    Jack is a strong __________, but you could beat him if you perform at your highest level.

       A. opponent   B. partner      C. friend      D. mate

8.    I was surprised to see the little girl play the piano so skillfully; she must have a(n)

    ___________ future in music.

       A. promised   B. processed   C. promising   D. processing

9.    Jessica ____________ her father on the knee and asked him not to worry about his health.

       A. patted      B. struck      C. stroked     D. paced

10.  The woman with golden hair was taken away by the security guards on __________ of being

    a criminal.

       A. suspect     B. suspicion   C. doubt       D. belief

11.   Though he didn't answer my questions quickly, the look on his face ___________ that he was

    satisfied with me.

       A. indicated    B. input      C. increased    D. interacted

12.  Do you know who is the chairperson of the conference now in ____________?

       A. running     B. ending     C. session     D. meeting

13.  With the price ___________, the fruits are selling much better now.

       A. lowering    B. is lowered  C. having been lowered   D. is being lowered

14.  Some of the passengers escaped serious ____________ in the traffic accident.

       A. enquiry     B. wound     C. inquiry      D. injury

15.  The young man gave a speech with great ___________ and moved all those who were

    present.

       A. direction    B. passion    C. indifference   D. regret

16.  If we carry out our plan with _____________, we will surely achieve our goal sooner or later.

       A. conditions   B. determination   C. competition   D. frowns

17.  Our university celebrated its 100th ___________ the year before last.

       A. anniversary  B. birthday    C. year         D. birth

18.  Jane sometimes complains that her husband is not ___________ enough. He never thinks of

    buying her any gift on special days.

       A. acceptable    B. romantic    C. assertive    D. restless

19.  Lots of birds were flying among the trees branches. What a(n) ___________ view!

       A. explosive     B. amused     C. amazing    D. terrified

20.  After the little girl lost her parents in the traffic accident, she kept __________ all the time

    and never smiled again.

       A. frowning     B. to frown     C. frowned    D. having frowned

 

Part II. Cloze Test (10 points20 minutes)

Directions: Read the passage through. Then, go back and choose one suitable word or phrase marked A, B, C, or D for each blank in the passage. Blacken the corresponding           letter of the word or phrase you have chosen on the Answer Sheet.

    How does one "save face" or "lose face"? This concept is in fact for different peoples throughout the world and is not (21)__________ Chinese. It could also be considered a Western (22)__________. However, it carries much weight for Asian people and its (23)_________ in Asian countries is greater.

Some Asian people believe that the (24)__________ of "face" and other rituals and (25)__________ like honoring your parents do not (26)__________ in the West, but it would be too (27)__________ to put it in this way. When we (28)__________ the values held by families in the West, we find that many have similar beliefs to (29)__________ that guide Asian culture, and they (30)__________ them in their daily lives. So, some ideas are becoming (31)__________ similar between the east and west. For example, American students are having a stronger (32)__________ of studying hard for the honor of their families than before. And American people are more concerned about the disadvantages of "happy education" for primary education than they (33) __________.

One major (34)__________ is how each weighs an (35)__________ rights against the rights of the community. There are people, (36)__________, and even leaders in the West who believe that the freedom of an individual carries much more (37)__________ than needs for the order in the community. (38)_________ Americans hold the right to own a gun so dear that they have consequently been willing to (39)_________ a blind eye to the harm that people (40)__________ guns has caused.

A proper balance between Western and Eastern ideas can be a very good idea.

21.

A. eventually

B. entirely

C. evenly

D. endlessly

22.

A. conference     

B. conviction 

C. convention

D. confrontation

23.

A. conscience

B. significance

C. encouragement

D. intention

24.

A. principles

B. prisons    

C. presidents

D. principals

25.

A. curiosity

B. contents

C. customers       

D. customs

26.

A. extend    

B. explore   

C. exist

D. exit

27.

A. abrupt

B. absolute

C. accurate          

D. thorough

28.

A. assume   

B. attach      

C. assist

D. assess

29.

A. them    

B. these       

C. those

D. this

30.

A. practice

B. participate 

C. persuade

D. prevent

31.

A. spontaneously

B. originally

C. increasingly

D. inevitably

32.

A. consciousness

B. conscience

C. sensation

D. embarrassment

33.

A. would be  

B. used to be

C. will be

D. shall be

34.

A. difference

B. differently 

C. change

D. clash

35.

A. instructor's

B. identity's

C. interaction's    

D. individual's

36.

A. communities

B. community

C. things       

D. actions

37.

A. power

B. weight

C. control

D. command

38.

A. One

B. Others     

C. Another

D. Some

39.

A. leave

B. turn

C. do

D. see    

40.

A. containing         

B. opening

C. obtaining

D. conducting

 

Part III. Reading Comprehension (40 points; 55 minutes)

Section 1

Directions: Each of the following three passages is followed by some questions. For each question there are four choices. Choose the best answer to each question. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage One

Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage.

Mr. and Mrs. Jones' flat was full of boxes, big and small; trunks (大皮箱); and furniture.  The two of them were busy with pencils and paper, checking their list of luggage (行李) when there was a ring at the door.  Mrs. Jones went to open it, and saw a well-dressed middle-aged lady outside. The lady said that she lived in a flat beside theirs, and that she had come to welcome them to their new home.

Mrs. Jones invited her in.

"I hope you'll excuse us for all this mess (杂乱)," said Mrs. Jones, "We are trying..."

"Oh, that's quite all right," said the lady. "Do you know, in some parts of this town, neighbors are not at all friendly? There are some streets—and even some buildings—where people don't know their neighbors—not even their next-door ones. But in this building, everyone is a friend with everybody else. We are one big, happy family. I'm sure you'll be happy here."

The lady was greatly surprised when she visited the same flat the next time, because she found that a different man and a woman had moved in. On the lady's first visit, Mr. and Mrs. Jones had not the heart to tell her they were not the new owners of the flat, but the old owners, who had lived beside her for two years. All this time she had never visited or even noticed Mr. and Mrs. Jones, her next-door neighbors. 253

41.

Someone knocked at the door when Mr. and Mrs. Jones were ________.

A. cleaning their house          B. counting () their luggage

C. moving their furniture         D. writing their shopping list

42.

This writer of this passage suggests that the middle-aged lady ________.

A. lives in a big happy family     B. lives alone

C. does not do what she says      D. is a bothersome neighbor

43.

According to the middle-aged lady, in some parts of the town, people ________.

A. had big, happy families        B. had small, unhappy families

C. didn't know their neighbors     D. didn't like their neighbors

44.

From the passage, we know ________.

A. the middle-aged lady was warm-hearted

B. the middle-aged lady had been living in the building for two years

C. Mr. and Mrs. Jones told the middle-aged lady the truth

D. Mr. and Mrs. Jones were the middle-aged lady's old neighbors

45.

What is the tone (语气) of the writer in the passage?

A. Happy.       B. Sad.   C. Indifferent (不关心的).  D. Critical.

Passage Two

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage.

When I was in the 7th grade, I had a lot of trouble reading. My mother used to sit by my side, and explain each paragraph of each school reading assignment to me because I didn't understand what I was reading. She would have to read each paragraph to me. And then after each paragraph, she told me the general meaning of what we just read.

In class, I tried to hide the fact that I couldn't read. My teachers gave us the last ten minutes of class to start our reading homework, and I would sit there for ten minutes staring at the page, pretending I was reading it. I remember a terrible feeling of not wanting to get into trouble for not being able to understand. I had to wait until I got home so my mother could explain it to me. How did I ever get into Cornell University?

By the 8th grade I started understanding a little on my own, but I was reading at a very slow speed. I got hold of all the speed-reading books I could get my hands on. I read them all very slowly at the time. I even went out and took a course on speed-reading. Then I developed my own way which was easier and produced quicker results. I started practicing these techniques every day, and as I started to read faster, my understanding increased. I found that I stopped daydreaming and thinking about other things while I was reading, and started getting the larger meaning. I was reading faster and comprehending better.

I found that when you read slowly, word-by-word, you get lost in the words, lose the bigger picture, and your comprehension drops. When you read faster, your comprehension goes up because instead of getting lost in the words, you see the general picture. 307

46.

The main difficulty the writer had in reading in the 7th grade was that ________________________.

A. she often forgot her school reading assignments

B. she had difficulty reading with comprehension

C. she had a poor vocabulary and very bad grammar

D. she always looked elsewhere when asked to read

47.

The writer would pretend to be reading in the last 10 minutes of class because _________________________.

A. she was afraid of being found out      B. the reading class was terrible

C. she had to do what others were doing   D. her mother told her to do so

48.

The writer's reading ability improved a great deal mainly because _______________________.

A. she entered Cornell University    B. she took a course on speed reading

C. her mother helped her           D. she developed her own way of reading

49.

From her own experience, the writer found that _________________.

A. one's comprehension drops if one reads too slowly

B. in order to understand better, one has to read slowly

C. one does not pay enough attention to information if one reads fast

D. many people read fast in order to save time

50.

The writer wrote the passage in order to ___________________.

A. prove to readers the importance of higher education

B. tell a story in honor of her mother

C. give a detailed description of different reading skills

D. prove the importance of reading fast

Passage Three

Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage.

Learning a foreign language is not a matter of reading some grammar rules or some vocabulary words—although those are important activities not to be ignored. Acquiring (学到) a language is learning a skill, not a body of information. It's much more like learning to swim or ride a bike than it is like learning about the Second World War. That is, you must not only understand the ideas and have information at hand, but also make your body accustomed (习惯于) to using that information in physical (身体的) activity. In the case of learning a second language, the physical activity is speaking, listening, writing, and reading.

You need, then, not only to learn and understand, but also to practice!

Here are a few suggestions on effective practice/study techniques.

1. Make your mouth or hand do what your mind is learning. Study out loud. Go to the lab and work with tapes. Study with a friend, practicing speaking and listening. Try to write sentences or a short paragraph using the skills you have practiced with your own lips.

2. Study day by day. You cannot get by in a foreign language course by cramming (临时抱佛脚) at the last minute. You may be able to "learn" vocabulary items that way, but you cannot teach your mouth to use them in sentences.

3. Sometimes go back and review "old" topics and vocabulary. Language learning is cumulative (累积的). The new skills you learn build upon the old skills you learned in the past. The more you "recycle" (循环) familiar information and skills, the better you will be able to take in new ones.

4. Don't be afraid to make mistakes. Self-consciousness (害羞) can be a strong barrier to learning a language. Perhaps part of the reason small children readily learn languages is that they are not afraid of making mistakes. 333

51.

The main idea of the first paragraph is______.

A. memorizing vocabulary words is necessary in language learning

B. learning to swim is quite similar to learning about the Second World War

C. understanding the ideas is more important than anything else

D. language learning is a process of acquiring different language skills

52.

One of the major benefits of studying with a friend is that _____________ .

A. it makes one talk and listen in a particular language

B. it builds the friendship between two friends

C. friends can share tapes or other learning materials

D. one studies better with a friend

53.

Cramming is not helpful in learning a language because _________.

A. it is of little use to study without a clear purpose

B. nothing can be learned through cramming

C. anything learned that way can hardly be put into use

D. one may not find enough time to use at the last minute

54.

The purpose of reviewing old topics is _____________________________.

A. to build up a good base for new skills

B. to enjoy the good ideas contained in them

C. to throw away the old, useless information

D. to avoid making mistakes in the future

55.

Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

A. Why Children Are Able to Learn a Language Better Than Grown-ups?

B. A Few Suggestions on Studying a Foreign Language

C. Why Learning a Foreign Language Is More Difficult Than Anything Else?

D. An Introduction to Language Teaching and Learning

 

Section 2

Directions: Read the following passage, and then decide whether the statements are true (A) or false (B). Then blacken the corresponding letterA or Bon the Answer Sheet. (对的在答题卡上涂A, 错的在答题卡上涂B)

Passage Four

Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage.

She is widely seen as proof that good looks can last forever. But, at nearly 500 years of age, time is catching up with the Mona Lisa.

The health of the famous picture, painted by Leonardo Da Vinci in 1505, is getting worse by the year, according to the Louvre Museum where it is housed.

“The thin, wooden panel on which the Mona Lisa is painted in oil has changed shape since experts checked it two years ago,” the museum said. Visitors have noticed changes but repairing the world’s most famous painting is not easy. Experts are not sure about the materials the Italian artist used and their present chemical state.

Nearly six million people go to see the Mona Lisa every year, many attracted by the mystery of her smile. “It is very interesting that when you’re not looking at her, she seems to be smiling, and then you look at her and she stops,” said Professor Margaret Livingstone of Harvard University. “It’s because direct vision(视觉) is excellent at picking up detail, but less suited to looking at shadows. Da Vinci painted the smile in shadows.”

Da Vinci himself loved it so much that he always carried it with him, until it was eventually sold to France’s King Francis I in 1519.

During World War II, French hid the painting in small towns to keep it out of the hands of German Forces.

Like many old ladies, the Mona Lisa has some interesting stories to tell.  

(   ) 56. Time is having effect on the painting Mona Lisa.

(   ) 57. Experts are very clear about the materials used to paint the famous painting with.

(   ) 58. When you look at the Mona Lisa directly, she is not smiling.  

(   ) 59. Da Vinci liked the painting very much and never sold it to anyone.

(   ) 60. France kept the painting During World War II.  

 

 

 


 

Paper Two

(60 minutes)

 

Part IV. Short Answer Questions (10 points; 15 minutes)

Directions: In this part there is a short passage with five questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words (not exceeding 10 words) . Write your answers on the Answer Sheet of Paper Two. (请将此部分的答案写在试卷二的答题纸上)

Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage.  

Old people are always saying that the young are not what they were. The same comment is made from generation to generation and it is always true. It has never been truer than it is today. Events that the older generation remembers vividly are nothing more than past history. Every generation is different from the older one and today the difference is very marked indeed.

The old always assume that they know best for the simple reason that they have been around a bit longer. They don’t like to feel that their values are being questioned or threatened. And this is precisely what the young are doing. They are questioning the assumptions of their elders and disturbing their self-satisfaction. They take leave to doubt that the old generation has created the best of all possible words: What they reject more than anything is conformity. Office hours, for instance, are nothing more than enforced slavery. If we turn our minds to more serious matters, who said that human differences could best be solved through conventional politics or by violent means? Why have the older generations so often used violence to solve their problems? Why are they unhappy and guilt-ridden in their personal lives, so obsessed with mean ambitions and the desire to amass more and more material possessions? Haven’t old people lost touch with all that is important in life?

These are not questions the old generations can shrug off lightly. Traditionally, the young have turned to their elders for guidance. Today, the situation might be reversed. The old could learn a thing or two from their children. One of the biggest lessons they could learn is that enjoyment is not “sinful”. It is surely not wrong to enjoy your work and your leisure. It is surely not wrong to live in the present, which is only to be expected, because the young have grown up under the shadow of the bomb: the constant threat of complete destruction. 327

61.

What true thing is being said by older people today?

_______________________________________________________________________

62.

What does the writer consider to be “past history”?

_______________________________________________________________________

63.

What does the writer think about having to work in an office?

_______________________________________________________________________

64.

What is one of the most important lessons that the old could learn from the young?

_______________________________________________________________________

65.

Of which generation does the writer seem to be more understanding?

_______________________________________________________________________

 资料来源:31省市学位英语网www.31xuewei.com

 

Part V. writing

Task 1

Directions: For this part , you are allowed to write an application letter of about 80 words to apply for a scholarship in an American university. Your letter should include the following information:

1.申请信的目的。                 

2.自我介绍。

Task 2

Directions: For this part, you are required to write an essay of about 150 words about your mother. Your essay should include the following information.

1. 你的母亲是一个什么样人      

2. 她的行为表现

 

 

 

 资料来源:31省市学位英语网www.31xuewei.com

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