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    您现在的位置:31省市学位英语网>>吉林>>完成对话
2013年吉林学位英语串讲班讲义
2012-11-17 14:51     来源:31省市学位英语网  [ ]

 

一、时态和语态 
1. 如何解答时态问题
1You’ve already missed too many classes this term. You ­­­______ just last week.
A. missed             B. would miss              C. had missed              D. have missed
2Anne asked Tom ______ the key.
A. when he left            B. where he had left     C. how he left              D. why did he left
 
考试重点:
2. 完成时有关的时态
现在完成时 (have done)   since, for/ in the past few months, up to now
1Collecting toy cars as a hobby becomes increasingly popular during the past fifty years.
A                       B       C                      D
2English ­­­______ in a new way at my college in the past few years.
A. has been taught          B. was being taught
C. has been taught     D. had been taught.
过去完成时 (had done)
3Anne asked Tom ______ the key.
A. when he left            B. where he had left     C. how he left              D. why did he left
4The chemistry class_____ for five minutes when we hurried there.
A. had been on            B. had begun        C. has been on                    D. would began
★将来完成时 (will have done)   by
5Were late I expect the film_____ by the time we get to the cinema.
A. had already started                     B. have already
C. will already have started             D. have already been started.
★现在完成进行时 (have been doing)资料来源:31省市学位英语网www.31xuewei.com
6It seems oil ___________ from this pipe for some time. We'll have to take the machine apart to put it right.
A. had leaked       B. is leaking         C. leaked             D. has been leaking
★过去完成进行时 (had been doing)
 
     将来完成进行时(will have been doing )
7By the time you arrive this evening, _______for two hours.
A. I will study                    B. I will have been studied
C. I had studied           D. I will have been studying.
3. 在时间和条件状语从句中不用将来时态资料来源:31省市学位英语网www.31xuewei.com
▲用一般现在时代替一般将来时
1When the mixture_____, it will give off a powerful force.
A. will heat          B. will be heated          C. is heated          D. has heated
2please be sure to telephone me the next time you ______.
A. will come         B. would come            C. shall come        D. come
用现在完成时代替将来完成时
3Smith is to study medicine as soon as he_______ military service.
A. will finish        B. has finished             C. finish        D. would finish
注意:
4No one can be sure if the car on display fits him or her until he or she______ them.
A. tries             B. will try             C. are trying         D. have tried
4. 考试小窍门
◆考试中如果遇到与完成时态相关的选项,要重点加以研读,一般说来是正确答案。
 资料来源:31省市学位英语网www.31xuewei.com
二、情态动词
 
1. 几个情态动词的否定式的含义
cant
may not
mustnt
needt
2. 表示推测的几个情态动词用法
must表示肯定的推测,意思是“一定”
+do         对现在情况的推测
must
+have done   对过去情况的推测
 
1I ________ asleep in the corner, for I remember nothing of what happened during the night.
A. might fall         B. must fall          C. must have fallen             D. can have fallen
 
can’t/could’t表示否定的推测,意思是“不可能”
+do         对现在情况的推测
can’t/couldn’t
+have done   对过去情况的推测
 
may/might not表示可能性很小的推测,意思是“也许
+do         对现在情况的推测
may/might
+have done   对过去情况的推测
3. 情态动词的完成时虚拟语气的用法
 
neednt have done
should have done
should not have done
ought to have done
could have done
 
4. 考试小窍门
在遇到情态动词加完成时和情态动词加原形同时出现的情况下,一般说来情态动词加完成时是正确答案。
×Must do
√ Must have done
三、虚拟语气
考试重点:资料来源:31省市学位英语网www.31xuewei.com
1. 条件句中的虚拟语气
例1:I would ask George to lend us the money if I ______ him.
A. had known          B. have known            C. knew         D. would know
 
例2:If a better material ______, the strength of the part would have been increased.
A. had been used             B. had been using        C. being used        D. using
条件句中的虚拟语气需要注意以下三点:
 
? 如果条件句中有were, had, should时,可以把if省略,然后把这三个单词提前,形成倒装。
3_____ the advice of his friends, he would not have suffered such a heavy loss in his business.
           A. If he took            B. if he should take            
C. Were he to take   D. Had he taken
 
? 含蓄条件句中虚拟语气的应用
三级考试中经常出现的三个句型:
But for/without………
……, otherwise/or…
……, but/though….
例4:But for your help, I _____ the work in time.
        A. did not finish        B. could not finish
        A. will not finish        D. would not have finished
例5:Without electricity, human life _____ quite different today.
A. is          B. will be              C. would have been            D. would be
例6:He was very busy yesterday; otherwise he_____ to the meeting.
A. would have come B. would come     C. could come             D. had come
       例7:We would have made a lot of money, but we     halfway
               A. gave up        B. had given up    C.would give up   D. were to give up
 
? 错综时间条件句
       例8:If I were you, I would not have missed the film last night.
 
2. (should )+动词原形在某些从句中的应用
? 1)当宾语从句从的谓语是suggest, request, insist, desire , demand, propose, order, command, arrange等动词时,:
例1:I suggested that we should go there on foot.
注意:insist表示坚持认为之意时, 不用虚拟语气,用陈述语气. :
例2:The man insisted that he had never stolen the money

? 2) It is ordered/desired/decided/requested/strange/important/natural/等后的主语从句中
例3:It is desired that we should get everything ready tonight
? 3)
advice, idea, order, plan, demand, proposal, suggestion, request等名词之后的表语从句和同位语从句中.:
例4:My suggestion is that we should hold a meeting this evening
 
3. wish后的宾与从句中应当用虚拟语气
4. if only 引导的感叹句中
5. as if/as though引导的状语从句中
6. would rather后的句子的虚拟语气谓语动词用过去式
7. it is (high) time that ….句型中, 从句的谓语动词用过去式 
 
四、非谓语动词
1. 不定式
?不定式的逻辑主语
       例1:The road is wild enough for cars to pass by.
       例2:It is important for you to work hard.
       例3:It is kind of you to help me.
 
?不定式的时态和语态
       例4:The magnificent museum is said _____ about a hundred years ago.
               A. to be built           B. to have been built
               C. to have built        D. to have being built
 
?使用不带to的不定式
1)why not do表示委婉的建议
例1:Why not_____Professor Li for help? He is kind-hearted and willing to help.
         A. ask        B. you ask            C. to ask        D. your asking
 
2)使役动词have, make, let的后面接不定式做宾语补足语时,用省to的不定式。
例2:The teacher has the students _____ a composition every other week.
        A. to write        B. written                    C. writing             D. write
例3:While he was climbing the high mountain, he had his leg_____
        A. broke            B. break         C. broken             D. breaking
例4:There was so much noise that the speaker couldn’t make himself_____
        A. hearing        B. being told         C. to hear                    D. heard
 
3)表示生理感觉的动词如see, watch, notice, observe, hear后面接不定式做宾语补足语时,用省to的不定式。
       例5:With tears on her face, the old lady watched the little boy_____ to a hospital.
               A. send             B. to be sent         C. being sent        D. sending
4)do something but/except do
       例6:There is nothing we can do _____ wait.
               A. but        B. rather than             C. in spite of         C. besides.
5)记住下列不带to的短语
              can’t but
              can’t help but
              had better
 
2. 动名词
1.       有些动词后面既可以接动名词又可以接不定式,但意思有差异
remember   
forget
regret
stop
go on
mean
2. 后面跟动名词的固定句式
have trouble/problems/difficult doing something
feel like
spend/waste…doing something
can’t help
need/deserve/want
be worth
what about/how about
3. 分词
 
分词作表语
独立主格结构
1During the discussion, Mr Boyd remained silent when asking his opinion.
             A                    B           C    D
2Your experiment reports must be checked with care before_______
A. handed them in    B. them handing in    C. being handed in    D. handing them in
 
例3:_______ in the air fuels give off heat.
      A. T burn     B. Burned    C. T be burned    D. Being burned
五、状语从句
考试重点:
1时间状语从句
     while/
when/
as/
until
    
no sooner…than/
hardly…when/
scarcely…when
     the moment
the minute
the instant
     固定句型
It is/has been ….since…
 
1.       原因状语从句
now that
in that
 
2.       条件状语从句
unless
   as long as
   provided that
3.       让步状语从句
as
though
although
even if
even though
while
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