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吉林学位英语试题三
2012-12-24 20:18     来源:31省市学位英语网  [ ]

吉林学位英语全真模拟试题

 

Part I Vocabulary and Structure

Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a singe line through the center

1The advantage of the new bridge will be the way it     the towns on the opposite banks of the river.

  A)communicates      B)connects       C)attaches        D)spans

2MrsKarnowsky has the     being the oldest person to graduate from this college

  A)distinct of       B)distinction of C)distinctive of  D)distinguish of

3Saudi Arabia has planted the trees to keep the sand from     fertile areas

  A)taking over       B)taking out     C)taking down     D)taking up

4Because she gates dishonesty, she is     her son

  A)strict on         B)heavy on       C)hard on         D)tight on

5You must walk through the underground    to get across that busy street

  A)pass              B)past           C)passage         D)passenger

6.“When you leave the roommake sure    the door

  A)of locking        B)you lock       C)for you to lock D)to lock

7.I     come yesterday but I had an important meeting to attend

  A)had to            B)must have      C)ought           D)was to have

8Many an airplane and many a big gun    in the exhibition

  A)are shown         B)has been shown C)has shown      D)shown

9“Alice acts quite unfriendly”“NoShe is    than unfriendly

  A)more shy          B)shyer          C)more shyer     D)shy more

10.After    the coffee with a teaspoon the hostess gave it to the guest

A)whipping          B)whirling       C)stirring       D)beating

l1Even a child would not be       by such an obvious lie.

  A)cut of            B)make up        C)pulled through D)taken in

12The child Was terribly frightened of school in his early school daysbut he soon       it.

  A)got of            B)got away       C)got across     D)growth

13Her excellent performance made a deep      on the audience

  A)impression        B)comment        C)reaction       D)opinion

14Who     on Saturday?

  A)do help you       B)you help       C)do you help    D)you do help

15    Plastics, the machine is light in weight.

  A)To make of        B)Having made    C)to be made of  D)Made of

16. His success was due to      he had been working hard.

  A) that             B) the fact that C) the fact which D) the fact

17. On the river there is __bridge.

  A) an old stone fine                 B) an fine old stone

  C) an old fine stone                 D) a fine old stone

18. Only when it rains    

  A) does the river overflow           B) the river does overflow

  C) overflow does the river           D) overflows the river

19. He as well as I    you.

  A) agree with                        B) agree to

C) agrees with                       D) am to agree

20.  "What kind of dress are you going to make?”I would like one something like____you are wearing".

A) one              B) that          C) the one       D) which

21In 1939 the Ohio and Mississippi river overflowed      the worst flood ever known in the United Stated

  A)the cause of     B)which caused    C)and caused     D)they caused

22The earth might look like a perfect spherebut careful measurements    

A)show is not                        B)show that it is not 

C)that shoe it is not                D)show it that is not

23.For many childrennothing seems so exciting   their first airplane ride

A)so does          B)as              C)on             D)is

24Marine reptiles are among the few creatures that are known to have a possible life span greater than     .

  A)man              B)the man’s      C)the one of man’s D)that of man

25.     the financial means to remain independentThomas Edison was compelled to seek employment as a night telegraph operator.

  A)He was deprived of                  B)Deprived of   

 C)That he was deprived                D)Although he was deprived of

26. The police accused him of setting fire to the apartment but he denied    in the area on the night of the fire

A) have been                          B) to be

C) to have been                       D) having been

27. Why do you stand and watch the milk __over?

  A) boiling                            B) boiled

  C) to boil                            D) being boiled

28. "Would you like to go for a walk?  Yes, It's     "

  A) so warm the day                    B) such warm a day

  C) so warm a day                      D) rather warm a day

29. Not only the players but also the coach has on    uniform.

  A) their                              B) hers

  C) his                                D) our

30. "Did Young and Tom understand her? "  No,__ of them is very bright."

  A) No one                             B) None

  C) Not one                            D) Neither

Part II Reading Comprehension

Directions: There are 3 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage One

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.

    I came to India a year ago to find a village in which I could live and write but it was many months before I settled down happily in this Himalayan community

    I wasted a lot of time looking for the typical villageYet no such thing existsConditions vary too widelyBut the villages I stayed in had much in common poverty, ignoranceOften the villagers themselves were puzzled suspiciousWhy had I come I had put aside my work as a political journalist because my ideas had

changedI had come to believe that what was happening in the Third World was more important than anything elseBut to understand how three quarters of the world’s people liveand how their future might affect oursI felt that I first had to try and share their way of life

    In the end I chose a mountain village because it was a little cooler than those in the plainsI took the bus from town along a bumpy(崎岖不平的)roadthen came a rough walk down a steep path to the riverAfter this I began the climb into the hills. Whenever I stopped to catch my breaththere was a magnificent view

After several hours’ walk the village came into view

31After the writer had arrived in India

  A)he spent a year writing about the place he lived in

  B)he took quite a long time finding a suitable place to live

  C)he spent years looking for a certain village

  D) he lived in a Himalayan community for many months

32While looking for a“village”the writer found

  A) he was searching for the impossible

  B) all the village were exactly the same

  C) the villagers made him feel confused

  D) the village asked him a lot of questions

33Before coming to India the writer

  A) had been a successful politician

  B) had made a decision to do no more work

  C) had been dismissed from his job

  D) had written articles for publication

34The writer decided to change his way of life because

  A)he no longer found his work interesting

  B)he wanted to live a peaceful life in the countryside

  C)he wanted to find out more about the Third World

  D) he thought living in a small community would be rewarding.

35The village the writer finally chooses to live in

  A) was situated at the end of a bumpy road   

  B) had a letter climate than those in the plains

  C) was a short walk from the river

  D) had a magnificent view of the river

Passage Two

 Questions 36 to 40 arc based on the following passage

    Natural gas began with the plant and animal life of the earth’s prehistoric seasDead organisms settled on the ocean floor and were covered by layers of mudsilt(淤泥)and the layers of mudsiltand sand were compressed into solid  rockAs millions of years passedthese rock layers bucked shiftedand accumulation

of gas and oil were displaced and became trapped beneath masses of nonporous rock

    Primitive man discovered natural gas quite by accidentThe temple fires of Baku on the Caspian Sea(里海)were fired by natural gas seeping(渗漏)from rock fissures(裂缝)and worshipers(礼拜者,崇拜者)of hire journeyed to Baku from ad afar away as IndiaThe mysterious“burning springs”in North America and elsewhere were also evidence of escaping gasprobably ignited by lighting

The first industrial application of natural gas was made by the ChineseGas transported by bamboo pipes was burned to evaporate brine and produce saltToday there are some twenty—six thousand industrial uses for natural gasand new uses are constantly being developed

Gas manufactured from coal was first produced early in the seventeenth century

           Because of its elusive nature, it was called ghost, meaning “ghost”-hence, some

          day ,our word gas.

36The original material for natural gas were prehistoric    .

  A)plant life     B)animal life        C)minerals     D)both a and b

37The natural forces acting on the material were     .

  A)decay          B)heat               C)pressure     D)all of the above

38Over timelayers covering these materials changed to     

  A)rock           B)oil                C)mud          D)all of the above

39The occurrence of natural gas at Baku was once linked with     

  A)medicine       B)religion           C)chemistry    D)geology

40The probably cause of the “burning springs” is given as    

  A)earthquakes    B)heat               C)lighting     D)pressure

Passage Three

Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage.

Experiments have been carried out on volunteers to see what happens when all sensations are stopped. This can be done in several ways. One method is to put a man inside a completely isolated room. This room is heavily sound-proofed and absolutely dark. There is no light or sound and the person is instructed just to lie motionless on a bed. People have stayed in rooms such as this for as long as four days. The results of sensory deprivation (SD) vary with the individual.

     Soon after entering the confinement cell most subjects went to sleep and slept almost without interruption for ten to twenty-four hours. These are gross estimates for there was nothing by which the subjects could determine the time which had elapsed. We know for certain that one subject slept for nineteen hours but insisted that he had had a nap of less than one hour. According to the monitoring microphone, which was capable of picking up the deep breathing of sleep, it seems more likely that most subjects slept all of the first twenty-four hours.

     We felt that so much sleeping in the first day wasted the effects of confinement, so we started placing subjects in SD early in the morning. We reasoned that after a night's sleep our confined subject would be unable to dissipate the effects of SD by sleeping. Such was not the case. As far as we could determine they went to sleep just as quickly and slept just as long as the previous subjects. We then started entering the subjects at midmorning, midday, and midafternoon. As it turned out, it made no difference when during the day and, presumably, during the night we started the confinement; the initial sleep period was always about the same.

     We had not expected this extended period of initial sleep. In fact, it had seemed reasonable to expect something of the opposite. SD was a very novel situation for our subjects, and as such, we reasoned, it should have occupied them for some time. I had a similar expectation for astronauts during space flight and was greatly surprised to learn that the Russian astronaut Yuri Gagarin had been able to sleep during his space flight around the earth.

     Other effects were also noted. With no real sensations to work on, the brain makes up all sorts of false information. Many people experience vivid dreams and hallucinations. When they are finally taken out of the room into the real changing world of light and sound, they are in a very strange state of mind, ready to believe anything and not nearly able to make decisions.

41. This passage is mainly about       

    A. how to have a sound sleep

    B. what causes loss of sensations

    C. what will happen if sensations were lost

    D. how to lose sensations

42. What does "subjects" (Para. 3, Line 2,) mean in this passage?

     A. Any member of a state except the supreme ruler.              

     B. Something to be talked or written about or studied.

     C. Person, animal or thing to be treated or dealt with.

     D. Theme on which a composition is based.

43. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?

     A. All the people react in the same way to sensory deprivation.

     B. The researchers expected the subjects to sleep for a long time.       

     C. The first reaction to sensory deprivation is to dream.

     D. Total sensory deprivation means that the brain has no real information to work on.

44. We can probably infer from the passage that        

     A. most astronauts are unable to fall asleep in space

     B. a period of sensory deprivation would make a person hard to control

     C. many people are subject to fantasy while in the sensory deprivation cell

     D. microphones are used to control the breathing of subjects

45. All of the following are the results of sensory deprivation except that       

     A. most subjects fell asleep and slept for a long time

     B. some subjects didn't know how many hours they spent sleeping

     C. it took a long time for the subjects to adapt themselves to sensory deprivation

     D. many subjects became credulous right after sensory deprivation

III Cloze

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the paper below. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet with a single line through the center

An American warship once paid a visit   46   a port in a hit country where the British base invited the officers of the American warship to a party   47    .      Now, Americans like their drinks to have plenty of ice in them,   48    in a cold climate, but at the time the warship's visit to the British base, it was   49   known that the British  50   ever had ice, even in   51  countries.

     The captain of the American ship did not want to have drink warm drinks at the British party, but it  52  very impolite to  53  the British captain's invitation, so the American captain  54   , but an hour before party was 55   to begin, sent a small boat ashore to his host with several large tins of ice from the warship's refrigerators.

     When the American offices went ashore for the party, they were looking forward to 56   plenty of ice in their drinks. They were  57  very surprised when, 58   their arrival, they were served drinks with no ice in them at all, they thought that the servants might 59   not yet have had time to  60  the ice that had been sent from the ship, but the party continued, and  61  there was no ice. Of course,

the American officers were too  62   to ask what had happened to the ice that they had sent.

     When the party at last  63  to an end, the American Captain thanked his British host for the pleasant party. Then the secret of the ice came  64  The British captain thanked the American captain for it and said. "It  65   me to have the first really cold bath I had in this line."

46. A)at              B) to               C) on               D) in

47. A) ashore         B) aboard           C) above            D) afloat

48. A) if             B) except           C) even             D) only

49. A) obviously      B) certainly        C) actually         D) generally

50. A) hardly         B) rarely           C) seldom           D) nearly

51. A) many hottest   B) the hottest      C) some hottest     D) these hottest

52. A) should be      B) would have been  C) must have been   D) could be

53. A) neglect        B) ignore           C) oppose           D) refuse

54. A) accepted       B) approved         C) received         D) allowed

55. A) due            B) sure             C) bound            D) ready

56. A) have           B) having           C) be having        D) be had

57. A) however        B) therefore        C) nevertheless     D) moreover

58. A) in             B) with             C) on               D) after

59. A) surely         B) maybe            C) perhaps          D) almost

60. A) unpack         B) uncover          C) unfreeze         D) unset

61. A) yet            B) still            C) even             D) rather

62. A)patient         B) thirsty          C) careless         D) polite

63. A) came           B) went             C) got              D) had

64. A) away           B) out              C) about            D) through

65. A) allowed        B) let              C) admitted         D) suggested

 

试卷二及答题纸

IV Translate the following sentences into English

66有许多理由不喜欢他,首先,他不讲真话

67研究表明,成功的语言学习者在许多方面有共同之处

68.我认为凭他十多年的教学经验,迪克能够胜任这项工作.

69.珍妮尽量控制自己,不让人看出她很紧张.

70.如果没有空气,地球上就不可能产生任何生命.

资料来源:31省市学位英语网www.31xuewei.com

V. Choose the best translation

71. The time will come when man can fly to wherever he likes in the universe.

A) 人们在宇宙中可以自由翱翔的时代将会来到。

  B)时间将会到来,当人类能飞到在空中他喜欢的地方。

C)这一时代将会来到,当人能飞到他在天空中喜欢的任何地方。

D)这一时代将来来到,当人们可以在宇宙中自由翱翔的时候。

72The successful completion of the book is the result of the cooperation and confidence of many people

A)本书的写作很成功,是因为许多人互相合作、具有信心。

B)成功地完成本书的写作是许多人互相合作、坚信不疑的结果。

C)这本书成功了,结果使许多人更加合作,更加信任。

D)许多人的合作和信任导致了这本书的成功。

73It was suggested at the meeting that a committee of eleven be appointed to make a new constitution.

A)会上有人建议任命一个十一人委员会来制定章程。

B)这件事在会上被提出来,十一名委员被指派去做新项目。

C)会上有人建议十一名委员被指派去做新项目。

D)这件事在会上被提出来,这件事就是任命一个十一人委员会来制定新章程。

74I will finish the work in no time

A)我马上就会把这项工作做完。

B)我将永远不能完成这项工作。

C)我将及时地把这项工作做完。

D)我用不了多长时间就会把这项工作做完。

75So far as your exam paper is concernedit is clear that you have not done your review

A)就你的试卷而论,你显然事先没有做好准备。

B)就你的试卷来说,考前你显然没有进行观察。

C)从你的试卷可以看得出,你并不关心这次考试。

D)就你的试卷而言,你显然没有进行复习。

资料来源:31省市学位英语网www.31xuewei.com

 

普通高校在籍本科生申请成人学士学位(二学位)考生加试题

 

VITranslate the following passage into Chinese.

The rapid increase in population during the past two centuries has been the result of lower death rates, which have produced an increase in worldwide life expectancy from about thirty to about sixty-two. For a while the result was a young population with more mothers in each generation, and fewer deaths than births. But even during this population explosion the average number of children born to each woman has been falling in modern societies.

________________________________________________________                _  

________________________________________________________                _  

 

VII. Writing

DirectionsFor this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the title“CAN ROAD ACCIDENS BE AVOIDED?”in three paragraphsYou are given the first sentence of each paragraphYour part of the composition should  be no less than 120 words

Outline

1There are more and more road accidents in some of our cities

2Some people say that road accidents can hardly be cut down.

3In fact, most road accidents can be avoided

                    Can Road Accidents Be Avoided

________________________________________________________                _  

________________________________________________________                

 

参考答案:

I.                Vocabulary and Structure

1-5 BBACC 6-10 BDBAC  11-15  DDACD  16-20 BDACC 21-25 CBBDB  26-30  DACCD

Reading Comprehension

31-35 BADCB  36-40 DDABC   41-45  CBADA 

III Cloze

46-50 BACDA  51-55 BBDAA  56-60 BBCCA   61-65 BDABA 

IV. Translate the following sentences into English

66There are many reasons I don’t like him. To begin with, he doesn’t tell the truth.

67. Research shows that successful language learners are similar in many ways.

68. I think, with his experience in teaching for more than ten years, Dick is qualified for the job.

69. Jane held tight onto herself not to let others see that she was nervous.

70. Without air, there should not have had any life on the earth.                                         

V. Choose the best translation

71-75   ABAAD

VITranslate the following passage into Chinese.

在过去的二百年里,人口的飞速增长是由于死亡率的降低,这使得全世界的寿命从大约三十岁增长到六十二岁。其结果就是人口一度年轻化,而且每一代的年轻人中更多的人做了母亲,死亡的人数也低于出生的人数。然而,在现代社会里,即便在人口爆炸时期,每个母亲平均生育的孩子的数目也一直下降。资料来源:31省市学位英语网www.31xuewei.com

VII. Writing

参考范文:

Can Road Accidents Be Avoided?

There are more and more road accidents in some of our citiesAt present, more and more cities are faced with the problem of heavy traffic. And the number of road accidents is on the rise. So more people are much concerned about traffic security problems.
    Some people say that road accidents can hardly be cut down .They think that that traffic accidents are unavoidable. They argue that nowadays traffic is much heavier than before. There is often a traffic jam especially in rush hours. Because modern society lives on the basis of vehicles, traffic jams are difficult to eliminate. With the development of industry and population expansion, the condition will be worse.
    In my opinion, most road accidents can be avoided. The right solution is to lay down more gallop bridges, overpasses and underpasses in big cities. It is well known that the main cause of road accidents is drunk driving and driving with over-speed. If we reinforce the traffic security education and more people comply with traffic regulations, I believe one day traffic accidents can be avoided.

 

 

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