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北京学位英语试题经典:定语从句
2013-01-05 21:39     来源:31省市学位英语网  [ ]

定语从句典型试题

 

1. An old friend from abroad, _____ I was expecting to stay with, telephoned me from the airport. (2000)

A. that         B. whom         C. who         D. which

 

2. This is one of the best books _______ on the subject. (2000)

A. that have ever been written      B. which have ever been written

C. that has ever been written       D. whatever have been written

 

3. The United States is composed of fifty states, two of those are

                      A                   B          

separated from the others by land or water. (2000)

C         D

 

4. A curve曲线is a line _____ no part is straight and which has no angle. (2001)

A. that         B. whose     C. in which    D. of which

 

5. Before joining the army, he spent a lot of time in the village ______ he belonged (2001)

A. to which         B. which     C. to where     D. at which

 

 

6. The experiment, _______ will soon be announced, was done by my colleagues. (2001)

A. whose results    B. the results on which  C. at which the results   D. of whose results

 

7. _______ is known to all, too much smoking will cause lung cancer. (2003)

A. That          B. It        C. As          D. What

 

8. Do not trust such men _______ often like to praise you to your face. (2004)

A. who         B. that        C. as       D. they

 

9. In his latest article Tom criticizes the way which the war

  A      B                          C             

is being handled. (1997)

D

 

10. Helen was much kinder to her youngest child than she was to the others, ______, of course, made the others jealous. (2005)

A. who       B. what         C. that        D. which

 

key

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定语从句典型试题

 

1. An old friend from abroad, _____ I was expecting to stay with, telephoned me from the airport. (2000)

A. that         B. whom         C. who         D. which

 

解析: 答案选Bwhom, 关系代词,在定语从句中做with的宾语,指人。本句中的定语从句是非限制性定语从句。that不引导非限制性定语从句。资料来源:31省市学位英语网www.31xuewei.com

 

2. This is one of the best books _______ on the subject. (2000)

A. that have ever been written      B. which have ever been written

C. that has ever been written       D. whatever have been written

解析: 答案选A。因为先行词books前有形容词的最高级best修饰,所以只能用that引导定语从句,选A。当先行词前有形容词最高级、onlyvery修饰时,要用that引导这个定语从句。定语从句中的谓语和先行词保持一致。

 

3. The United States is composed of fifty states, two of those are

                      A                   B          

separated from the others by land or water. (2000)

C         D

 

解析: 答案选B。应改为:two of which。在非限制性定语从句中,限定词some, any, none, all, several以及表示数量的词可与of whom, of which连用。先行词是物用of which; 是人用of whom。本题中whichfifty states

 

4. A curve曲线is a line _____ no part is straight and which has no angle. (2001)

A. that         B. whose     C. in which    D. of which

解析: 答案选D介词+关系代词可引导定语从句。No part of 是固定短语,因此用of which, 而不用in which。资料来源:31省市学位英语网www.31xuewei.com

 

5. Before joining the army, he spent a lot of time in the village ______ he belonged (2001)

A. to which         B. which     C. to where     D. at which

解析: 答案选Abelong是不及物动词,其后接to之后才接宾语,belong to:属于。因此选to whichwhere是关系副词,不能置于介词之后。to which引导的从句是定语从句。

 

6. The experiment, _______ will soon be announced, was done by my colleagues. (2001)

A. whose results    B. the results on which  C. at which the results   D. of whose results

解析: 答案选A。此句为非限制性定语从句。关系代词whose在从句中作results的定语。whose是代词的所有格,它既可以代人也可以代物。资料来源:31省市学位英语网www.31xuewei.com

 

7. _______ is known to all, too much smoking will cause lung cancer. (2003)

A. That          B. It        C. As          D. What

解析: 答案选Cas 引导的是一个非限制性定语从句。as代替后面提到的句子。

8. Do not trust such men _______ often like to praise you to your face. (2004)

A. who         B. that        C. as       D. they

解析: 答案选C。当先行词被such修饰时其后的定语从句要用as引导。

 

9. In his latest article Tom criticizes the way which the war

  A      B                               C             

is being handled. (1997)

D

 

解析: 答案选C。名词way后接定语从句时要用that引导。C改为:that

 

10. Helen was much kinder to her youngest child than she was to the others, ______, of course, made the others jealous. (2005)

A. who       B. what         C. that        D. which

解析: 答案选D。本题考察非限制性定语从句。关系代词which指代前面整个句子。在从句中作主语。

 

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