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    您现在的位置:31省市学位英语网>>北京>>英语语法
北京学位英语语法精讲:介词
2013-11-30 12:58     来源:31省市学位英语网  [ ]

第四节 介词

  重点内容提示:

  表示排除的介词;表示让步的介词;表示原因的介词;表示并列关系的介词;beyond

  1.表示排除的介词except\but\except for\besides\in addition to\apart from\aside from

  (1except表示之外,把except之后的人或事物排除在外。要注意的是,except之后除了可以跟名词和代词之外,还可以跟介词短语、动词不定式和从句。例如:

  I walk to school except on rainy days.

  She did nothing except complain all the time.

  例:He was a man of fine character in all points_____ he was rather timid.1997.6

  A.in that   B.except that   C.for that   D.except for

   [答疑编号500220010401]

  『正确答案』B。本句的意思是除了有点怯懦以外,他是一个各方面都很完美的人。

  例:He never wrote to his father he was in need of money.2000.6

  A.except   B.except when   C.except for   D.except that

   [答疑编号500220010402]

  『正确答案』B。本句的意思是除了缺钱的时候,他从来不给他爸爸写信。

  (2butexcept一样,后面也可以接介词短语或不定式,如果主句中有do的各种形式,那么but后面的to要省略,否则,to要带上。

  We have no choice but to go.

  例:There is nothing we can do wait.1999.6

  A.but   B.rather than   C.in spite of   D.besides

   [答疑编号500220010403]

  『正确答案』A。本句的意思是除了等待之外,我们什么也不能做。

  (3except for的意义和except是相同的,也表示之外,后面只能接名词或代词,与except的区别有以下两点:①except for所排除的内容与整体性质是不相同的,except所排除的内容与整体性质是相同的;在位置上,except for可以位于句首,也可以位于句末,而except不能放在句首。资料来源:31省市学位英语网www.31xuewei.com

  例:This composition is good some spelling mistakes. 2005.4

  A.except   B.besides   C.except that   D.except for

   [答疑编号500220010404]

  『正确答案』D。本句的意思是除了一些拼写错误外,这篇作文是不错的。

  例:  the last one, I answered all the questions.2001.6

  A.Except   B.except for   C.Besides   D.In addition to

   [答疑编号500220010405]

  『正确答案』B。本句的意思是除了最后一个问题,我已经回答了所有问题。

  例:The streets were empty __________ the policemen on duty.2006.11

  A.besides     B.except

  C.excepting    D.except for

   [答疑编号500220010406]

  『正确答案』D。本句的意思是街道上除了警察在值班外空荡荡的。

  注意:

  except for but for 都是介词短语,上面已经说过butexcept的用法基本相同,但except for but for的意义和用法有较大差异。but for的意思是要不是因为,倘若没有的意思,不表示除了之外的意思,一般用于虚拟语气中表示含蓄条件。如:

  But for your cooperation, we could not have succeeded in our experiment.

  同时体会一下but that 的含义:资料来源:31省市学位英语网www.31xuewei.com

  But that she was afraid, she would have said so.

  例:________ the help of their group, we would not have succeeded in the investigation.

  A.Besides    B.Regardless of

  C.But for    D.Despite

   [答疑编号500220010407]

  『正确答案』C。本句的意思是要不是他们的帮助,我们不可能做成这次调研。

  (4 besides =in addition to 意思是之外,还有…”也就是说把后面的内容也包括在前面

  所谈的内容之内。

  例:__________ Japanese, she has to study another foreign language.2006.4

  A.Except       B.Except for

  C.In addition to   D.Beside

   [答疑编号500220010408]

  『正确答案』C。本句的意思是除了日语,她必须学习另外一门外语。

  (5 apart from(英)=aside from(美国)表示之外。根据上下文的不同,它既可以用作besides,也可以用作except,又可以用作except for。例如:

  Apart from them, I had no one to talk to. =except

  Apart from other considerations, time is also a factor. =besides

  It is good work apart from a few slight faults. =except for

  2.表示让步的介词despite/in spite of/for all/ with all

  例:_____ the advances of science, the discomforts of old age will no doubt always be with us.

  A.As for   B.Except   C.Besides   D.Despite

   [答疑编号500220010409]

  『正确答案』D。本句的意思是尽管科学进步了,年老仍然会给我们带来一些不便。

  例:He always did well at school _______having to do part-time jobs every now and then.

  A.in spite of    B.regardless of

  C.on account of   D.in case of

   [答疑编号500220010410]

  『正确答案』A。本句的意思是尽管不时地做些兼职工作,他的学习成绩还是不错。

  3.表示原因的介词because of/owing to/due to /on account of/thanks to

  例:________the enormous flow of food from the entire globe, these countries have for many years not felt any population pressure.

  A.Thanks to    B.In line with

  C.By means of   D.With regard to

   [答疑编号500220010411]

  『正确答案』A。本句的意思是多亏了世界各地涌入的大量的食物,这些国家多年以来没有感到任何人口压力。”in line with“一致by means of“用,依靠with regard to“关于

  4.beyond

  beyond的本意是在远处。如:

  There is a village beyond the mountain.

  但beyond经常用在下面的短语中,表示否定的含义:

  beyond belief 不敢相信

  beyond doubt 毫无疑问

  beyond recognition 认不出来

  beyond comprehension 不能理解

  例:This question is too hard, it is _____ my comprehension.2005.4

  A.below   B.beyond   C.over   D.without

   [答疑编号500220010412]

  『正确答案』B。本句的意思是这个问题太难了,我理解不了。”beyond one’s comprehension“不能理解 资料来源:31省市学位英语网www.31xuewei.com

  例:The test results are beyond______; they have been repeated in labs all over the world.

  A.negotiation   B.conflict   C.bargain   D.dispute

   [答疑编号500220010413]

  『正确答案』D。本句的意思是试验结果是毫无争议的,因为它们在世界各地的实验室中被重复做过。”conflict“冲突bargain“砍价dispute“争论

  例:Finding a job in such a big company has always been ________ his wildest dreams.

  A.under   B.over   C.above   D.beyond

   [答疑编号500220010414]

  『正确答案』D。本句的意思是在这样一个大公司找到一份工作是他梦寐以求的。

  5.表示并列关系的介词词组other than/rather than/instead of

  other than的意思是除了rather than的意思是而不是,后面接名词或动词原形;instead of的意思是而不是,后面接名词或动词的-ing形式。

  例:In no country _______ Britain, it has been said, can one experience four seasons in the course of a single day.

  A.other than    B.more than

  C.better than    D.rather than

   [答疑编号500220010415]

  『正确答案』A。本句的意思是据说,除了在英国,没有任何一个国家在一天之中能够经历四个季节。

  例:Fifty years ago, wealthy people liked hunting wild animals for fun _______sightseeing.

  A.rather than to go    B.more than going

  C.other than going    D.than to go

   [答疑编号500220010416]

  『正确答案』B。本句的意思是五十年前富人更喜欢出去打猎,相对于外出观光来说。”A是错误的,后面应当接动词原形。C意思不对。

  例:When I go out in the evening I use the bike _____ the car if I can.

  A.rather than    B.regardless of

  C.in spite of    D.other than

   [答疑编号500220010417]

  『正确答案』A。本句的意思是晚上出去的话,我会骑自行车而不会开车。

  例:Nuclear science can be developed to benefit the people ____ harm them.

  A.more than     B.other than

  C.rather than    D.better than

   [答疑编号500220010418]

  『正确答案』C。本句的意思是应当开发核科学造福人类,而不是伤害他们。

  例:Young adults ________ older people are more likely to prefer pop songs.

  A.other than     B.more than

  C.less than      D.rather than

   [答疑编号500220010419]

  『正确答案』D。本句的意思是年轻人而不是老年人更喜欢流行音乐。

 

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