欢迎您,请登录 或注册
设为首页 | 点击收藏 | 咨询热线:QQ:1464534191 
报考
辅导
试题
网校
面授
    您现在的位置:31省市学位英语网>>河南>>考试动态
河南学位英语真题及答案(2012年)
2014-01-24 11:43     来源:31省市学位英语网  [ ]

2012年11月河南省成人高等教育本科毕业生申请学士学位

外国语水平统一考试

英语试题册(B)

注意事项

一、将自己的姓名、准考证号、接受申请单位填写在答题卡和答题纸上。考生必须填划相应的试卷类型和报考语种,否则不给分。

二、在120分钟内答完全部试题,不得拖延时间。考试结束后把答题卡和答题纸放在桌上,监考人员收卷后方可离开考场,答题卡、答题纸和试题册不得带走。

三、多项选择题的答案一定要填划在答题卡上,翻译与作文写在答题纸上。凡是写在试题册上的答案无效。

四、多项选择题只能选一个答案,多选作废,选定答案后,用HB浓度以上的铅笔在相应字母的中部划一条横线,正确方法是:

[A] [B] [C] [D]

使用其他符号答题者不给分,划线要有一定粗度和浓度;答题纸一律用钢笔或圆珠笔书写。

五、如果要改动答案,必须先用橡皮擦净原来选定的答案,然后再按上面的规定重新答题。

Part I Vocabulary and Structure (20 points, 20 minutes)

Directions: there are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best complete the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the answer sheet with a single line through the center.

1. An investigation was made into the accident, ___ five people were killed.

A. where

C. for that

B. when

D. in which

2. Gravity is sure to play an important part, ___ the ball ___ into the air won’t go up.

A. as, thrown

B. for, thrown

C. since, throwing

D. as, throwing

3. Research into the dynamics of storms is directed toward improving the ability to predict these events ___ to minimize damage and avoid loss of life.

A. and thus

B. so

C. however

D. because

4. Long before children are able to speak a language, ___communicate through facial expressions and by making noises.

A. however

B. they

C. furthermore

D. who

5. ___ difficulties we may come across, we will help one another to get over them.

A. Whichever

B. Whatever

C. However

D. What

6. Evidence comes up ___ specific speech sounds are recognized by babies as young as six months old.

A. what

B. that

C. whose

D. which

7. Tom's education gave him an advantage ___boys who had not been to a college.

A. over

B. up

C. to

D. above

8. Had Paul received six more votes in the last election, he ___our chairman, now.

A. must have been

B. would have been

C. were

D. would been

9. You ___ your homework lately and your class work isn't up to standard either.

A. didn't

B .weren't doing

C. haven’t been doing

D .won't be doing

10. Henry looked very much ___ when he was caught cheating in the exam.

A. exciting

B. excited

C. embarrassingwww.for68.com

D. embarrassed

11. In this factory, suggestions often have to wait for months before they are fully ___.

A, admitted

B. acknowledged

C. absorbed

D. considered

12. They have developed techniques which are ___ to those used in most factories.

A. simpler

B. better

C. superior

D. greater

13. The problem has ___simple because you didn't follow the instructions in the handbook.

A. assembled

B. arisen

C. appeared

D. resulted

14. Though badly damaged by fire, the palace was eventually ___to its original splendor.

A. recovered

B. restored

C. renewed

D .replaced

15. As it is a very popular play, it would be wise to ___ seats in advance.

A. buy

B. preserve

C. book

D. occupy

16. The quiz ___ of fifty multiple-choice items and five passages for reading.

A. constitutes

B. composes

C. comprises

D. consists

17. After the party, the children were allowed to finish off the ___sandwiches and cakes.

A. remained

B. leaving

C. left

D. remaining

18. The policeman stopped him when he was driving home and ___ him of speeding.

A. charged

B. accused

C. blamed

D. implied

19. Color-b1ind people often find it difficult to ___ between blue and green.

A. separate

B. distinguish

C. compare

D. contrast

20. It suddenly ___ him that he should solve the problem with a computer.

A. occurred to

B. struck at

C. hit on

D. dawned in

Part Ⅱ Cloze Test (10 points, 10 minutes)

Directions: There are 10 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the one that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the answer sheet with a single line through the center.

Pubs can be found in every town, city or village in Britain. Social life for many people has 21___ on the pub for many years. Opening and closing times are 22___by law and, ten minutes before closing time, the barman or barmaid rings a bell or 23___,"Last orders!"When you go into

a pub you have to go to the bar,pay for your drink and carry it to your seat.

It is 24___ in Britain to “go for a drink” with friends. People often 25___at a pub before going on to another place. On Friday and Saturday evening pubs in some city centers can be very 26___. Some people do a tour of all pars in one 27___ and have a drink in each one: this is called a “pub crawl”.

It used to be 28___ to get a cup of coffee in a pub, and children were not allowed inside. Though it is still against the law to serve alcohol to anyone under eighteen, pubs are now trying to 29___ family. Pubs with gardens or chairs arid tables outside are often crowded in the summer. Pubs are still a central part of British30___.www.for68.com

21. A. centered B. depended C. based D. acted

22. A. planned B. agreed C. decided D. accepted

23. A. comforts B. explains C. shouts D. apologies

24. A. customary B. strange C. important D. expensive

25. A. call B. meet C. smoke D. discuss

26. A. beautiful B. surprising C. crowded D. lonely

27. A. corner B. room C. area D. street

28. A. necessary B. difficult C. cheap D. common

29. A. protect B. remind C. encourage D. punish

30. A. history B. science C. education D. culture

Part III Reading Comprehension (40points, 40 minutes)

Directions: There are 4 passages in this pant. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the answer sheet with a single line through the center.

Questions 31 to 35 arc based on the following passage:

Shopping for clothes is not the same experience for a man as it is for a woman. A man goes shopping because he needs something, his purpose is settled and decided in advance. He knows what he wants and his objective is to find it and buy it; the price is a secondary consideration.

All men simply walk into a shop and ask the assistant for what they went. If the shop has it in stock, the salesman promptly produces it, and the business of trying it on proceeds at once. All being we1l, the deal can be and often is completed in less than five minutes, with hardly any chat and to everyone's satisfaction.

For a man, slight problems may begin when the shop does not have what he wants, or does not have exactly what he wants. In that case the salesman, as the name implies, tries to sell the customer something else. He offers the nearest he can to the article required. No good salesman

brings out such a substitute directly, he does so with skill:"I know this jacket is not the sty]e you want, Sir! but would you like to try it for size? It happens to be the color you mentioned."

Few men have patience with this treatment, and the usual response is:

"This is the right color and may be the right size, but I should be wasting my time and yours by trying it on.”

Now how does a woman go about buying clothes? In almost every respect she does so in the opposite way. Her shopping not often based on need .She has never fully made up her mind what she wants, and she is only "having a look round". She is always open to persuasion; indeed she sets great store by what the saleswoman tells her. She will try on any number of things. Uppermost in her mind is the thought of finding something that everyone thinks suits her.

Contrary to a lot of jokes, most women have an excellent sense of value when they buy clothes. They are always on the lookout for the unexpected bargain. Faced with a roomful of dresses, a woman may easily spend an hour going from one rail to another, to and fro, before selecting the dresses she wants to try on. It is a 1aborious(费时的)process, but apparently an enjoyable one.

Most dress shops provide chairs for the waiting husbands.

31. When a man is buying clothes, ___.

A. he buys cheap things, regardless of quality

B. he chooses things that others recommend

C. he does not mind how much he has to pay for the right things

D. he buys good quality things, so long as they are not too expensive

32. What does a man do when he cannot get exactly what wants?

A. He buys similar things of the color he wants.

B. He usually does not buy anything.

C. He tries on some other things, but never buys anything.

D. So long as the size is right, he buys the thing.

33. In commerce a good salesman is one who___.

A. treats his customers kindly.

B. always has in stock just what customers want

C. does not waste his time on difficult customers

D. sells something a customer does not particularly want

34. What does the passage tell us about women shoppers?

A. They welcome suggestions from anyone.

B. Women rarely consider buying cheap clothes.www.for68.com

C. Women often buy things without giving the matter proper thought

D. They listen to advice but never take it.

35. What is the most obvious difference between men and women shoppers?

A. The fact that men do not try clothes on in a shop.

B. Women bargain for their clothes, but men do not.

C. Women stand up to shop, but men sit down.

D. The time they took over buying clothes.

Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:

The poverty line is the minimum income that people need for an acceptable standard of living. People with incomes below the poverty line are considered poor. Economists study the causes of poverty in order to find solutions to the problem.

As the general standard of living in the country rises, the poverty line does, too. Therefore, even with today's relatively high standard of living, about ten percent of the people in the United States are below the poverty line. However, if these people had stable jobs, they could have an acceptable standard of living. Economists suggest several reasons why poor people do not have jobs.

For one thing, more than half of the poor people in the United States are not qualified to work. Over 40 percent of the poor people are children. By law, children less than 16 years old cannot work in many industries. A large number of poor people are old. Many companies do not hire people over 65 years old, the normal retirement age.

Some poor adults do not look for jobs for a variety of personal reasons: they are sick, they do not have any motivation, they have family problems, or they do not believe that they can find a job.

Other poor people look for a job but cannot find one. Many poor adults never went to high school. Therefore, when they look for jobs, they have few skills that they can offer.

At the present time, the government thinks it can reduce poverty in the country in the following ways. First, if the national economy grows, businesses and industries will hire more workers. Some of the poor who are qualified to look for jobs may fund employment. Then they will no longer be below the poverty line.

Second, if society invests in the poor, the poor will become more productive. If the government spends money on social programs, education, and training for poor people, the poor will have the skills to offer, and then it is more likely that they can find jobs.

Finally, if the government distributes society's income differently, it will raise some poor people above the poverty line. The government collects taxes from the non-poor and gives money to the poor. These payments to the poor are called welfare. In 1975 over 18 million people in the United States received welfare.

Some economists are looking for better solution to the poverty problem. However, at the present time, many people depend on welfare for a minimally acceptable standard of living.

36. The author's main purpose to write this article is___.

A. to define what the poverty line is

B. to explain why some people live below the poverty line

C. to find solutions to the problem of poverty

D. to show sympathy for those poor people

37. Which of the following is NOT true?

A. Ten percent of the Americans live a poor life.

B .Poor people are those who live below the poverty line.

C. The poverty line rises as the general standard of living rises.

D. The poverty line tends to be at the same level.

38. More than 40 percent of the poor people are children. This is mainly because ___.

A. they do not have enough motivation

B. they are so young that they are deprived of chances to work

C. they fail to get enough education

D. they are very poor in experience

39. Most of the American poor people are not qualified for employment because___.

A. they do not have any motivation to work

B. they are not very self-confident

C. they are too young or too old to work

D. they have physical and family problems

40. We may conclude from the passage that___.

A. better solutions to the poverty problem are not yet found

B. welfare will enable people to be rich

C. poor people are bound to go out of the poverty line of they have chances to do business

D. Employment is the best solution to the poverty problem

Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage:

A popularly-held view has it that “opportunity to' learn" is the key to educational success, i.e., the more time children spend on a subject, the better they do at it. According to the recent study there seems little correlation between time spent on a subject and performance of pupils in tests. Young Austrians spend exceptionally long hours on math and science lessons; for them it pays off in higher test scores. But so do New Zealand's teenagers and they do not do any better than, say Norwegians, who spend an unusually short time on lessons in both subjects. Next and of particular interest to cash-strapped governments there appears to be little evidence to support the argument, often heard from teachers' unions, that the main cause of educational underachievement is underfunding. Low-spending countries such as South Korea and the Czech Republic are at the top. High-spenders such as America and Denmark do much worse. Obviously there are dozens of reasons other than spending why one country does well, another badly, but the success of the low –spending Czechs and Koreans does show that spending more on schools is not a prerequisite (前提) for improving standards.

Another article of faith among the teaching profession that children are bound to do better in small classes is also being undermined by educational research. The study found that France, America and Britain, where children are usually taught in classes of twenty-odd, do significant1y worse than East Asian countries where almost twice as many pupils are crammed into each class. Again, there may be social reason why some countries can cope better with large classes than others. All the same, the comparison refutes the argument that larger is necessarily worse, Further, the study even cast some doubt over the cultural explanation for the greater success of East Asia: that there is some hard-to-define Asian culture, connected with parental authority and a strong social value on education, which makes children more eager to learn and easier to teach. Those who make this argument say it would of course be impossible to replicate such oriental magic in the West.

Yet the results of the study suggest that this is, to put it mildly, exaggerated. If "culture" makes English children so poor at math, then why have they done so well at science (not far behind the Japanese and South Koreans)? Any why do English pupils do well at science and badly at math, while in France it is the other way around? A less mystical, more mundane explanation suggests itself English school: teach science well and math badly; French schools teach math better than science; East Asia schools teach both subjects well.

41. The passage is mainly concerned with___.

A. establishing a relationship between culture and education

B. exposing educational myths

C. introduction educational philosophies

D. comparing education philosophies

42. All of the following are common-held beliefs about education EXCEPT___.

A. time spent on a subject correlates with academic success

B. educational achievements correlate with the money spent

C. large classes contribute to poor educational achievement

D .culture is not a deciding factor in school performance

43. Which of the following statements is supported by the passage?

A. Austrian teenagers do better than New Zealand's teenagers

B. Low-spending will lead to good school performance.

C. Students in large classes will do better than students in small class.

D. Asian culture makes students eager to learn and easy to teach.

44. The fact that English pupils do well at science and badly at math while in France it is the other way around is attributable to ___.

A. cultural values

B. teaching methods

C. class size

D. money spent

45. Which of the following countries does worse in science?

A. Japan.

B. South Korea

C. Britain.

D. France

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage:

"Clean your plate!" and “Be a member of the clean-plate club!"Just about every kid in the US has heard this from a parent or grandparent. Often, it's accompanied by an appeal:"Just think about those starving (饥饿)in Africa! Sure, we should be grateful for every bite of food. Unfortunately, many people in the US take too many bites. Instead of staying "clean the plate”, perhaps we should save some food for tomorrow.

According to news reports, US restaurants are partly to blame for the growing bellies (肚子). A waiter puts a plate of food in front of each customer, with two to four times the amount recommended (推荐) by the government, according to a USA Today story. Americans traditionally associate quantity with value and most restaurants try to give them that. They prefer to have customers complain about too much food rather than too little.

Barbara Rolls, a nutrition professor at Pennsylvania State University, told USA Today that restaurant portion sizes began to grow in the 1970s, the same time that the American waistline began to expand.

Health experts have tried to get many restaurants to serve smaller portions. Now, apparent1y, some customs are calling for this too. The restaurant industry trade magazine QSR reported last month that 57 percent o f more than 4,000 people surveyed believe restaurants serve portions that

Are too large; 23 percent had no opinion; 20 percent disagreed. But a closer look at the survey indicates that many Americans who can’t afford fine dining still large portions. Seventy percent of those earning at least $150.000 per year prefer smaller portions; but only 45 percent of those earning less than $25,000 want smaller.

It's not that working class Americas don't want to eat healthy. It's just that, after long hours at low-paying jobs, getting less on their plate hardly seem like a good dea1. They live from paycheck (薪水)to paycheck, happy to save a little money for next year's Christmas presents.

46. Parents in the United States rend to ask their children ___.

A. to save food

B. to wash the dishes

C. not to waste food

D. not to eat too much

47. Why do American restaurants serve large portions?

A. Because Americans associate quantity with value

B. Because Americans have big bellies

C. Because Americans are good eaters

D. Because Americans are greedy

48. What happened in the 1970s?

A. The US government recommended the amount of food a restaurant gave to a customer.

B. Health experts persuaded restaurants to serve smaller portions.

C. The United States produced more grain then needed.

D. The American waistline started to expand.

49. What does the survey indicate?

A. Many poor Americans want large portions.

B. Twenty percent Americans want smaller potions.

C. Fifty seven percent Americans earn $150,000 per year.

D. Twenty three percent Americans earn less than $25, 000 per year.

50. Which of the following is NOT true of working class Americans?

A. they work long hours.

B. they live from paycheck to paycheck

C. they don't want to be healthy eaters.

D. They want to save money for their children.

Part IV English-Chinese Translation (10 points, 20 minutes)

Directions: Read the following passage carefully and then translate the underlined sentences into Chinese.

(51)Each child has his individual pattern of social, as well as physical, development. Some of it depends on his home life and his home life and his relationships with the people who love him.(52)Children in large families learn how to get along with others through normal brother-sister play and tussles(争斗).An only child, on the other hand, may have to learn his lessons in social living through hard experiences on the playground or in the classroom.(53)Twins who always have one another to lean on may be slow in responding to others because they do not need anyone else.

(54)A child who is constantly scolded(责骂)and made to fell he does everything wrong may have a difficult time developing socially. He may be so afraid of displeasing the adults around him that he keeps to himself (where he can't get into trouble),(55) or he may take the opposite route(道路)and go out of his way to create trouble. Like the isolated child, he too may return to infantile pleasures, developing habits that will satisfy him, but create barriers toward social contact.

Part V Writing (20 points, 30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are given 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic of Classroom Learning or E-learning. You should write at least 120 words and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese.

1. 我的观点:是喜欢传统的课堂学习还是网络教育?

2. 给出两个或以上喜欢的原因。

河南学位英语网络辅导方案
辅导班次学习内容主讲教师课时原价优惠价试听报名
精讲班
查看详情》
韩丽 王海洋
60
¥450
¥198
报名
强化班
查看详情》
韩丽 王海洋
20
¥260
¥98
报名
相关文章
网络课堂MORE>
强化班
报名
精讲班
报名
网校名师MORE>
河南学位英语专家,讲授河南学位英语10余年,出版学位英语相关图书20余本,能够让基础薄弱和基础较差的考生一次性顺利通过考试。讲课简单... 详细信息
考试用书MORE>
学员心声MORE>
历时将近两个月的时间终于通过了学位英语考试,在备考的过程中遇到了无数的困难和障碍,都在网校的同学和老师的帮助下度过了。谢谢了!
参加了学位英语网的课程之后,主要是学到了解决问题的方法,不用再死背单词,这是我感到最欣慰的事情!
感谢31省市学位英语网,高效的学习方法,最新的学习资料,最顶尖的教学团队,合理的学习安排和人性的管理!
友情链接: