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辽宁学位英语教材译文 Unitt Twelve阅读理解第二篇
2014-03-31 18:08     来源:31省市学位英语网  [ ]

2,Dogs wag(摇摆) their tails in different directions depending on whether they are excited and wanting to move forward or threatened and thinking of moving back, a study has found.
狗摇尾巴(摇摆)在不同的方向取决于他们非常兴奋,而且想要转会向前或向后移动的威胁和思考,一份研究发现。
Researchers in Italy examined the tail wagging behaviour of 30 dogs, catching their responses to a range of stimuli(刺激物) with video camems. To conduct the study they chose 15 male dogs and 15 female ones aged between one and six years. The dogs were all family pets whose owners had allowed them to take part in the experiment at Bari Umversity. The dogs were placed in a large wooden box with an opening at the front to allow for them to view various stimuli. They were tested one at a time. 来自:31省市学位英语网www.31xuewei.com
意大利的研究人员调查了30狗摇着尾巴的行为,吸引他们的反应,以一系列的刺激(刺激物和视频camems。进行这项研究他们选择了15公犬和15岁之间的女性的一至六年。所有的家庭宠物狗的主人已经允许他们参加实验的Umversity巴里。这些狗被放在一个开放的大木箱中,在前面,让他们可以看到各种刺激。他们进行了测试,一次一个人说。
来自:31省市学位英语网www.31xuewei.com
The researchers led by Professor Giorgio Vallortigara of the University of Trieste found that when the dogs were shown their owners—a positive expenence—their tails wagged energetically to the right side. When they were shown an unfamiliar human they wagged to the right, but with somewhat less enthusiasm. The appears of a cat again caused a right-hand side wag, although with less intensity again. The appearance of a large unfamiliar dog, similar to a German shepherd, changed the direction of tail wagging to the left. Research ers supposed the dog was thinking of moving back. When the dogs were not shown any stimuli they tended to wag their tails to the left, suggesting they preferred company. While the changes in the tail wagging were not easily noticed without the aid of video, it was thought that the findings could help people judge the mood (心情) of dogs. Computer and video systems, for example, could be used by professional dog trainers to determine the mood of dogs that they were required toapproach. 来自:31省市学位英语网www.31xuewei.com
研究者领导的乔治亚大学教授Vallortigara打平的发现,显示他们的狗尾巴摇了摇expenence-their owners-a正面积极的右边。当它们被证明对一个陌生的人,他们向右,但是稍微少的热情。再一次的出现的猫引起的右手边左右摆动,虽然少了。强度一个大的出现陌生的狗,类似于一个德国牧羊犬,改变了方向,左摇着尾巴。研究认为狗是人想到要搬回来。当那些狗没有显示出任何刺激他们往往摇尾巴到左边,说明他们首选的公司。而摇着尾巴的变化是不容易注意到没有援助的视频,认为这些结果可以帮助人们评判心情(心情)的狗。计算机和视频系统,例如,能被用于确定专业犬训练员的心情,他们被要求toapproach狗。来自:31省市学位英语网www.31xuewei.com
71. The video cameras were used to catch the dogs’ responses because______.
71。摄像机是用来抓住你的狗的反应because______。
A.it was easier to catch the dogs’response changes in the tail wagging
它是比较容易的抓住狗'response摇着尾巴的变化
B.the dogs were put in the wooden boxes and tested one at a time.
太阳狗放在木箱和测试,一次一个人说。
C.they enabled the dogs’owners to know about their dogs’habit
C.they 'owners使狗狗'habit知道他们
D.the dogs wagged their tails in different directions when they were in different moods
狗摇了摇尾巴脑中不同方向时,他们在不同的情绪
73. When there are no stimuli, a dog will______.
73。当没有刺激,一只狗will______。
A.wag to the left
A.wag左
B.wag to the right
向右B.wag
C.not wag at all
都不是摇
D.wag to the left and then to the right
D.wag到左边,然后向右拐
74. The underlined word “they” refers to______.
74。下划线的词"他们"是指to______。
A.the dogs B.the trainers
这位教练狗好看
C.the systems D.the rescarchers
系统rescarchers脑中前提下
75. The purpose of doing the experiment is______.
75。做实验的目的is______。
A.to train dogs for their owners
为了训练狗为他们的主人
B.to help people judge the mood of dogs
为了帮助人们评判心情的狗
C.to help dogs find company
为了帮助狗觉得公司
D.to help people choose their pet dogs
为了帮助人们选择他们的宠物狗

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