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    您现在的位置:31省市学位英语网>>辽宁>>备考经验
2015年辽宁学位英语考试试题:阅读理解精选
2014-05-15 12:50     来源:31省市学位英语网  [ ]

Doctors believe that secondhand smoke may cause lung cancer in people who do not smoke. Nonsmokers often breathe in the smoke from other people’s cigarettes. This is secondhand smoke. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency reports that about fifty-three thousand people die in America each year as a result of exposure to secondhand smoke.

The smoke that comes from a lit cigarette contains many different poisonous chemicals. In the past, scientists did not think that these chemicals harm a nonsmoker’s health. Recently, though, scientists expressed their opinion after they studied a large group of nonsmokers. They discovered that even nonsmokers had unhealthy amounts of these toxic chemicals in their bodies. As a matter of fact, almost all of us breathe tobacco smoke at times, whether we realize it or not. For example, we cannot avoid secondhand smoke in restaurants, hotels, and other public places. Even though many public places have nonsmoking areas, smoke flows in from the areas where smoking is permitted.

It is even harder for children to avoid secondhand smoke. In America, nine million children under the age of five live in homes with at least one smoker. Research shows that these children are sick more often than the children who live in homes where no one smokes. The damaging effects of secondhand smoke on children also continue as they grow up. The children of smokers are more than twice as likely to develop lung cancer when they are adults as the children of nonsmokers. The risk is even higher for the children who live in homes where both parents smoke.

 

46. It can be inferred that about fifty-three thousand people die in American ___________.

A. because of smoking                                B. though they don’t smoke

C. because their parents smoke                         D. though their parents don’t smoke

47. Non-smokers get harmed by smokers ___________.

A. because of the poisonous smoke they breathe in                           

B. if they live together

C. when there is no non-smoking area in the public utilities

D. though the poisonous chemicals contained in the smoke don’t harm them

48. Which of the following statement is NOT true?

A. Non-smokers may be passively involved in secondhand smoking.

B. Some non-smokers may die of lung cancer because of secondhand smoking.

C. We all, more or less, suffer from secondhand smoking.

D. Secondhand smoking is even more harmful than smoking itself.

49. Which of the following is not listed as a negative effect imposed by secondhand smoking on children?

A. They are more likely to be sick.      

B. They are more likely to develop mental disease.

C. They tend to have the bad affect as they grow up.

D. They are more likely to develop lung cancer.

50. Which group of children suffers from secondhand smoking to the greatest extent?

A. Children under the age of five living in homes with no smokers.

B. Children under the age of five living in homes with one parent smoking.

C. Children under the age of five living in homes with two parents smoking.

D. Children under the age of five living away from their parents.

 

Passage Two

       Some personal characteristics play a vital role in the development of one’s intelligence. But people fail to realize the importance of cultivating these factors in young people.

       The so-called non-intelligence factors include one’s feelings, will motivation, interests and habits. After a 30-year follow-up study of 800 males, American psychologist found out that the main cause of distinction in intelligence is not intelligence itself, but non-intelligence factors including the desire to learn, will-power and self-confidence. Though people all know that one should have definite objectives, a strong will and good learning habits, quite a number of teachers and parents don’t pay much attention to cultivating these factors.

       Some parents are greatly worried when their children fail to do well in their studies. They blame either genetic factors, malnutrition (营养不良),or laziness, but they never take into consideration these non-intelligence factors. At the same time, some teachers don’t inquire into these as reasons why students do poorly. They simply give them more courses and exercises, or even scold or ridicule them. Gradually, these students lose self-confidence. Some of them just feel defeated and give themselves up as hopeless. Others may leave school because they are sick of learning.

       It is clear that the lack of cultivation of non-intelligence factors has been a main obstacle to intelligence development in teenagers. It even causes an imbalance between physiological and psychological development among a few students.

       If we don’t start now to strengthen the cultivation of non-intelligence factors, it will not only do harm to the development of the intelligence of teenagers, but also affect the quality of a whole generation. Some experts have put forward proposals about how to cultivate students’ non-intelligence factors.

       First, parents and teachers should fully understand teenage psychology. On this basis, they can help them to pursue the objective of learning, stimulating their will-power.

       The cultivation should also be part of primary education for young children. Parents should attend to these qualities from the very beginning.

       Primary and middle schools can open psychology courses to help students overcome the psychological obstacles to their learning, daily lives and recreation.

 

51. Which of the following is not a non-intelligence factor?

       A. Self-confidence                                    

B. Malnutrition

       C. Motivation                                           

D. Learning desire

52. According to the passage, some students five up study because ____________.

       A. teachers give them too much exercise

       B. parents blame them for their poor study

       C. they are afraid of examination

       D. they lack of self-confidence

53. All of the following should be done to cultivate the teenager’s non-intelligence EXCEPT _________.

       A. school should provide some psychological courses for them

       B. they should be encouraged to form these qualities since childhood

       C. parents and teachers should fully understand their psychology

       D. parents should not allow teenagers to watch TV

54. What is the author’s attitude towards the neglecting of non-intelligence factors on children?

       A. Positive                    B. Negative                   C. Neutral                     D. Unknown

55. What does the passage mainly talk about?

       A. What factors can affect teenager’s intelligence.

       B. The results of the neglecting of non-intelligence factors.

       C. Study on the importance of non-intelligence factors.

       D. How to cultivate children’s non-intelligence factors.

 

 

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