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    您现在的位置:31省市学位英语网>>湖北>>完形填空
2015年湖北成人学位英语考试复习资料:完形填空2
2015-01-28 14:49     来源:31省市学位英语网编辑整理  [ ]

For years there have been endless articles 1 ______ that scientists are on the verge (边缘) of 2 ______ artificial intelligence, that it is just around the corner. The truth is that it may be just around the corner, but they 3 ______ the right block yet.
Artificial intelligence 4 ______ to build machines that can think. One immediate problem is to define thought, which is 5 ______ than you might think. The specialists in the 6 ______ of artificial intelligence complain with some justification (正当的理由), that anything that their machines do is dismissed as not 7 ______. For example, computers can now play very, very good chess. They can't beat the greatest players in the world, but they can beat just about 8 ______ else. If a human being played chess at this level, he or she would certainly be considered smart. Why not a machine? The answer is that the machine doesn't do anything clever in playing chess. It uses its blinding speed to do a brute - force (蛮力的) search of all 9 ______ moves for several moves ahead, evaluates (评价) the outcomes (结果) and picks the best Humans don't play chess that way. They see patterns, 10 ______ computers don't.
This wooden 11 ______ to thought characterizes machine intelligence. Computers have no judgment, no flexibility, no common sense. So - called expert systems, one of the hottest areas in artificial intelligence, aim to mimic (模仿) the reasoning processes of human experts in a limited field, such 12 ______ medical diagnosis or weather forecasting. There may be limited 13 ______ applications for this sort of thing, but there is no way 14 ______ a machine that can think about anything 15 ______ the sun.
The hallmark (标志) of artificial intelligence to date is that if a problem is severely restricted, a machine can achieve limited success. But when the problem is 16 ______ to a realistic one, computers fall flat 17 ______ the screens. For example, machines can understand a few words 18 ______ individually by a speaker that they have been trained to hear. They cannot understand 19 ______ speech using an unlimited vocabulary spoken by just 20 ______ speaker.
 
 
1. having stated stated stating being stated
BestAnswer:C
详解:应选C项。stating现在分词做定语,修饰article。
 
2. achieving setting arriving instructing
BestAnswer:A
详解:应选A项。yet一般要求完成时,而且主句时态是现在时,因此选B,此句不需用被动语态。
 
3. hadn't found haven't found didn't find haven't been found
BestAnswer:B
详解:应选B项。achieve artificial intelligence意为“达到人工智能”,set意为“安置,放”,arrive是不及物动词,后面跟in/at,是到达某地,instruct意为“指导”。
 
4. leads aims acts allows
BestAnswer:B
详解:应选B项。aim to do意为“目的在于”;lead, act不能跟to do ,allow应接sb .to do。
 
5. easier more profitable more suitable harder
BestAnswer:D
详解:应选D项。文中的意思是:比你能认为的要难得多,因此选D项。
 
6. field way level kind
BestAnswer:A
详解:应选A项。field有领域的意思,in the field of artificial intelligence在人工智能领域,B, C, D项均不合题义。
 
7. having thought to be thought being thought thinking
BestAnswer:C
详解:应选C项。此句的意思是因为没有被考虑到,他们的机器能做的任何事情被忽略了。须用被动语态,而表示将来发生的事。
 
8. everybody everyone anything anybody
BestAnswer:D
详解:应选D项。else前可接anyone, anything, someone, something,不能接everyone;everything, anything指代的是事,所以不对。
 
9. available possible adaptable positive
BestAnswer:B
详解:应选B项。available意为“可用的,可得到的”;possible意为“可能的”;adaptable意思是“能适应的”;positive意为“肯定的”。
 
10. that which what since
BestAnswer:B
详解:应选B项。此句是非限制定语从句,因此选which。
 
11. approach method means key
BestAnswer:A
详解:应选A项。approach一般接to,而method常常接of , means的意思是手段,方法,key后面接to,但意思是答案,钥匙。
 
12. like for as that
BestAnswer:C
详解:应选C项。such as是固定用法,意思是例如。
 
13. comfortable convincing competitive commercial
BestAnswer:D
详解: 应选D项。comfortable意为“舒适的”,convincing意为“令人信服的”,competitive意为“竞争的”,commercial意为“商业的”,此处是指商业应用。
 
14. to make in making to be made on making
BestAnswer:A
详解: 应选A项。no way后面一般接to do。
 
15. restricted realized concerned retained
BestAnswer:A
详解:应选A项。主句中a machine can achieve limited success的limited与restricted是同义词
 
16. extended exceeded expanded extracted
BestAnswer:C
详解:应选C项。extend伸出,延长exceed超过,expand扩展,发展,extract提取,文中是指“问题发展成现实问题,计算机在显示屏上完全失败”。
 
17. in on with at
BestAnswer:B
详解:应选B项。在显示屏上应用on the display screen。
 
18. being spoken to be spoken spoken speaking
BestAnswer:C
详解:应选C项。spoken过去分词做定语,修饰words。
 
19. continual continuous convenient gradual
BestAnswer:B
详解: 应选B项。continual的意思是happening again and again over a long period of time,相当于regular, continuous的意思是continuing without interruption,相当于endless, convenient意为“方便的”,gradual意为“逐渐的”。
 
20. some a any all
BestAnswer:C
详解: 应选C项。前面a speaker,此处应是any speaker相对应。
 

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