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    您现在的位置:31省市学位英语网>>湖北>>完形填空
2015年湖北成人学位英语考试复习资料:完形填空3
2015-03-11 14:58     来源:31省市学位英语网编辑整理  [ ]

There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are our choices marked [A],[B],[C] and [D] below the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

 

Many people wrongly believe that when people reach old age, their families place them in nursing homes. They are left in the (1) of the strangers for the rest of their lives. Their (2) children visit them only occasionally, but more often, they do not have any (3) visitors. The truth is that this idea is an unfortunately myth—an (4) story. (5), family members provide over 80 percent of the care that elderly people need.
   Samuel Prestoon, a sociologist, studied (6) the American family is changing He reported that by the time the (7) American couple reach 40 years of age,they have more parents than children. Moreover,(8) people today live longer after an illness than people (9)years ago,family members must provide long term care.More psychologists have found that all caregivers (10)a common characteristic:All caregivers believe that they are the best people for the job.In(11)words,they all felt that they(12)do the job better than anyone else.Social workers interviewed caregivers to(13)why they took(14)the responsibility of caring for an elderly relative.Many caregivers believed they had(15)to help their relatives.Some stated that helping others (16) them feel more useful.Others hoped that by helping someone now,they would deserve care when they became old and (17). Caring for the elderly and being taken care of can be a (18) satisfying experience for everyone (19) might be (20) .  
 
1. hands      arms      bodies      homes     
BestAnswer:A
详解:[解析](A)惯用衔接题。本句意为他们的业余生活要由陌生人来照料。in the hands of指“由…控制或照料”,是固定搭配。
 
 
2. growing      grown      being grown      having grown     
BestAnswer:B
详解:[解析](B)语义衔接题。grown children指“已经长大的孩子”,过去分词作定语。growing表示“正在成长的”;grow表示“成长”,不能用被动语态being grown;having grown不能作定语。
 
 
3. constant      lasting      regular      normal     
BestAnswer:C
详解:[解析](C)语义衔接题。regular“定期的、有规律的”;normal“正常的”; constant“经常的”;lasting“持续的”,这里指定期来看望的人。
 
 
4. imaginary      imaginable      imaginative      imagery     
BestAnswer:A
详解:[解析](A) 语义衔接题。imaginary“不真实的、虚构的”;imaginable“可想象的”;imaginative“富于想象力的”;imagery意为“肖像”。
 
 
5. In fact      In addition      Therefore      However     
BestAnswer:A
详解:[解析](A)逻辑衔接题。In fact表示“实际上”,根据前句的the truth可推知。However表转折;Therefore表示因果;In addition表示递进.
 
 
6. when      how      what      where     
BestAnswer:B
详解:[解析](B) 结构衔接题。这是一个宾语从句,意思是“美国的家庭是如何变化的。”
 
 
7. common      ordinary      standard      average     
BestAnswer:D
详解:[解析](D)语义衔接题。average指一般、通常的情况;common表示“普通的”,强调大部分;ordinary与special对立,强调普遍性;standard表示“标准的”。
 
 
8. because      though      although      when     
BestAnswer:A
详解:[解析](A) 逻辑衔接题。根据该句前后主从句的意思可判断,是因果关系,意思为“由于人们在得病后生存下来的时间比数年前长,所以家庭的成员必须长期照顾他们。”
 
 
9. did      have done      had done      was doing     
BestAnswer:A
详解:[解析](A)语义衔接题。从years ago可判断应该用过去时did。
 
 
10. share      enjoy      divide      consent     
BestAnswer:A
详解:[解析](A)语义衔接题。share表示“共享”,常与后面的common搭配,表示“拥有共同的特点”。
 
 
11. the other      other      another      some     
BestAnswer:B
详解:[解析](B)语义衔接题。in other words表示“换句话说”。other表示“其他的”;the other表示“(两个中)另一个”;another表示“另一个”。
 
 
12. would      will      could      can     
BestAnswer:C
详解:[解析](C)语义衔接题。could表示能力,would表示“意愿”,主句是过去时,应该选could。
 
 
13. discover      find out      invent      look for     
BestAnswer:B
详解:[解析](B)惯用衔接题。find out表示“查出…(原因)”;discover表示“发现”;invent表示“发明”;look for表示“寻找”。
 
 
14. in      up      on      off     
BestAnswer:C
详解:解析](C)惯用衔接题。take on“承担”;take in“欺骗、收容”;take up“从事”;take off“脱下”、“起飞”。take on符合题意,“承担起照顾年老亲戚的责任”。
 
 
15. admiration      initiative      necessity      obligation     
BestAnswer:D
详解:[解析](D)语义衔接题。obligation“责任、义务”;admiration“羡慕”;initiative“首创的,开始的”;necessity表示“必要性”。本句与上句意思相近,“有帮助老年亲戚的责任”。
 
 
16. cause      enable      make      get     
BestAnswer:C
详解:[解析](C)语义衔接题。make sb. do sth.表示“使某人做某事”;cause, enable, get后面跟to do sth.;根据后面是feel,而不是to feel,应选make。
 
 
17. elderly      dependent      dependable      independent     
BestAnswer:B
详解:[解析](B)语义衔接题。dpendent指“依靠的”;dependable表示“可靠的”;independent表示“独立的”。
 
 
18. similarly      differently      mutually      certainly     
BestAnswer:C
详解:[解析](C)语义衔接题。mutually“共同地”;similarly“同样地、相似的”;differently“不同地”;certainly表示“当然地”。
 
 
19. who      which      he      whose     
BestAnswer:A
详解:[解析](A) 结构衔接题。这是由who引导的定语从句,修饰everyone。
 
 
20. involved      excluded      included      considered     
BestAnswer:A
详解:[解析](A)语义衔接题。involved“涉及、牵涉到”;included“包含”;excluded“排除在外、不包括”;consider表示“考虑到”。本句意思为“可能涉及到每一个人”。
 

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