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    您现在的位置:31省市学位英语网>>陕西>>阅读理解
2015年陕西自考学位英语考试复习资料:阅读理解
2015-08-06 16:48     来源:31省市学位英语网编辑整理  [ ]

If women are mercilessly exploited year after year, they have only themselves to blame. Because they tremble at the thought of being seen in public in clothes that are out of fashion, they are always taken advantage of by the designers and the big stores.      Clothes which have been worn only a few times have to be put aside because of the change of fashion. When you come to think of it, only a woman is capable of standing in front of a wardrobe (衣柜) packed full of clothes and announcing sadly that she has nothing to wear.
    Changing fashions are nothing more than the intentional creation of waste. Many women spend vast sums of money each year to replace clothes that have hardly been worn. Women who cannot afford to throw away clothing in this way, waste hours of their time altering the dresses they have. Skirts are lengthened or shortened; neck-lines are lowered or raised, and so on.
    No one can claim that the fashion industry contributes anything really important to society. Fashion designers are rarely concerned with vital things like warmth, comfort and durability (耐用). They are only interested in outward appearance and they take advantage of the fact that women will put up with any amount of discomfort ,as long as they look right. There can hardly be a man who hasn't at some time in his life smiled at the sight of a woman shaking in a thin dress on a winter day, or delicately picking her way through deep snow in high-heeled shoes.
    When comparing men and women in the matter of fashion, the conclusion to be drawn are obvious.Do the constantly changing fashions of women's clothes, one wonders, reflect basic qualities of inconstancy and instability? Men are too clever to let themselves be cheated by fashion designers. Do their unchanging styles of dress reflect basic qualities of stability and reliability? That is for you to decide.  

1.Designers and big stores always make money______.  
by mercilessly exploiting women workers in the clothing industry
because they are capable of predicting new fashions
by constantly changing the fashions in women's clothing
because they attach great importance to quality in women's clothing
BestAnswer:C
详解:答案C。首段第二句说:因为妇女一想到穿着过时服装在公众场合下露面就浑身发抖,于是总是被时装设计师和大商场捉弄。本句的暗含意义是,妇女不愿穿过时服装,设计师和大商场也就利用她们的这一心理特点经常改换时装款式来赚大钱。C项内容与此相符。
 

2.To the writer, the fact that women alter their old-fashioned dresses is seen as _______.  
a waste of money
a waste of time
an expression of taste
an expression of creativity
BestAnswer:B
详解:答案B。第二段第三句明确指出:Women…… waste hours of their time altering the dresses they have。
 

3. The writer would be less critical if fashion designers placed more stress on the _______ of clothing.  
cost
appearance
comfort
suitability
BestAnswer:C
详解:答案C。第三段第二句批评设计师们很少关心保暖、舒适和耐用这些极为重要的事情。依此逆推,如果服装师多注意一点“舒适”,作者自然会批评得少些,至少不会用第三段中的实例进行批评。
 

4. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?  
New fashions in clothing are created for the commercial exploitation of women.
The constant changes in women’s clothing reflect their strength of character
The fashion industry makes an important contribution to society.
Fashion designs should not be encouraged since they are only welcomed by women.
BestAnswer:A
详解:答案A。在解答第三十六题时我们已得出结论:设计师和大商场利用妇女不愿穿过时的衣服而赚钱,这就意味着服装新的时髦式设计出来是为了赚钱。
 

5. By saying “the conclusions to be drawn are obvious” (S1 ,Para. 4) ,the writer means that _______.  
women's inconstancy in their choice of clothing is often laughted at
women are better able to put up with discomfort
men are also exploited greatly by fashion designers
men are more reasonable in the matter of fashion
BestAnswer:D
详解:答案D。解答本题首先要知道将男女作了比较后得出了什么结论。这结论就是Men are too clever to let themselves be cheated by fashion designers.结论的实质就是D项内容。
 

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