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    您现在的位置:31省市学位英语网>>甘肃>>阅读理解
2015年甘肃自考学位英语考试资料:阅读理解练习
2015-08-25 17:10     来源:31省市学位英语网编辑整理  [ ]

It's never easy to admit you are in the wrong. Being human, we all need to know the art of apologizing. Look back with honesty and think how often you've judged roughly, said unkind things, pushed yourself ahead at the expense of a friend. Then count the occasions when you indicated clearly and truly that you were sorry. A bit frightening, isn't it? Frightening because some deep wisdom in us knows that whenever a small wrong has been committed, some mysterious moral feeling is disturbed; and it stays out of balance until fault is acknowledged(承认)and regret expressed.
    I remember a doctor friend, the late(已故的)Clarece Lieb,telling me about a man who came to him with a variety of signs: headaches, insomnia ( 失眠) and stomach trouble. No physical cause could be found. Finally Dr. Lieb said to the man, “Unless you tell me what’s worrying you, I can't help you.”
    After some hesitation, the man confessed that, as executor of his father's will, he had been cheating his brother, who lived abroad ,of his inheritance. Then and there the wise old doctor made the man write to his brother asking forgiveness and enclosing a cheque as the first step in restoring their good relation. He then went with him to the mail box in the corridor. As the letter disappeared, the man burst into tears. “Thank you, “he said, “I think I'm cured. ”And he was.
     A heartfelt apology can not only heal a damaged relationship but also make it stronger. If you can think of someone who deserves an apology from you, someone you have wronged ,or judged too rough think of someone who deserves an apology from you, someone you have wronged ,or judged too roughly ,or just neglected, do something about it right now.  

1.When we have done something wrong, we should _______. 
look honest and think over the fault carefully
escape from being disturbed
admit the fault and express the regret
forgive ourselves
BestAnswer:C
详解:答案C。第一段最后一句表明:我们若是做错了事,就应该承认错误,表示歉意。故选C项。
 

2.What will happen if we have done something wrong?  
Our logic of thinking will be disturbed.
We shall lose a friend.
We shall apologize at once.
Our moral balance will disturbed.
BestAnswer:D
详解:答案D。第一段最后一句指出:每当我们犯了小小的错误,某种道义上的情感就会受到扰乱。D项中Our moral balance will be disturbed相当于文中Some mysterious moral feeling is disturbed. A项和B项与本文意思不符,C项也不对。虽然我们应立即道歉,但事实上很多人都做不到,这正和文章一开头就指出的那样“承认错误决不是件容易的事”。
 

3.What was the cause of the patient's disease? 
Headaches.
Stomach trouble.
Disturbance of conscience.
Some unknown physical weakness.
BestAnswer:C
详解:答案C。根据第二段和第三段的前部分可以看出,这位病人因在遗产问题上欺骗了兄弟而使他的心理失调,结果导致了他生理上的一系列疾病。可见,种种疾病的根源是他良心不安
 

4. What had the patient done to his brother?  
He had sent his brother abroad.
He had cheated his brother out of his inheritance.
He had given just a little share of the inheritances to his brother.
He had gone abroad leaving his brother nothing.
BestAnswer:B
详解:答案B。第三段第一句指出,他骗取了住在国外的兄弟应得的遗产。B项中cheat sb. out of sth.与文中的cheat sb. of sth.意思相同。
 

5.The patient was cured by ________.  
writing a letter
crossing a cheque
mailing a letter
asking his brother to forgive him
BestAnswer:D
详解:答案D。第三段最后一句表明:病人请求兄弟宽恕的信一寄出,他的病就好了。A、B、C三项的内容都是错误的,因为随便写信、寄信或支票画上横线都不能治好他的病。
 

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