欢迎您,请登录 或注册
设为首页 | 点击收藏 | 咨询热线:QQ:1464534191 
报考
辅导
试题
网校
面授
    您现在的位置:31省市学位英语网>>河北>>阅读理解
2015年河北自考学位英语考试资料:阅读理解训练
2015-08-25 17:11     来源:31省市学位英语网编辑整理  [ ]

The first pre-election poll,or “straw vote”,as it was then called, was conducted by the Harrisburg Pennsylvanian before the 1824 presidential election. This straw vote and the many that followed it really registered nothing but local opinion. However, as communications improved and elections were won by closer and closer margins, newspapers and journals tried desperately to satisfy their readers’ curiosity in more reliable ways.
    Before the 1928 elections, no fewer than eighty-five publications made private inquiries, generally by means of questionaires( 问卷、调查表 ) sent to subscribers( 订户 ) and by telephone surveys. The principle common to all these inquiries was that they depended on quantity rather than quality;little effort was made to reach representatives of all segments(部分) of the population. Still, the erroneous belief persisted that the greater the number of questionaires, the more accurate the results would be. The record was held by the American monthly Literary Digest, which sent out millions of postcards with short and pointed questions before each election, and received many hundreds of thousands of replies. In fact, in 1932, the Literary Digest’s forecast was off by only 1 percent.
     In view of such striking achievements,it seemed rather impertinent ( 粗鲁的) for the young American journalist,George Gallup,to claim that large numbers were irrelevant,and that equally accurate or better predictions could be made with a small but carefully selected sample of the population and a small team of skilled interviewers.
    In 1936,it took Gallup a long time to convince thirty-five newspaper editors that his system was much cheaper than the customary mass inquiries and that it could provide surprisingly accurate predictions.The editors finally agreed ,on condition that if Gallup's predictions were less accurate than those obtained by the tried method of the Literary Digest, he would have to refund (赔偿) the entire cost of the investigation. Although the Literary Digest broke its own record by obtaining two million replies to its electoral postcards that year, its prediction was wrong by 19 percent, whereas Gallup's was off by less than 1 percent.  

1.From the passage we know that the earlies pre-election polls were ______ in reflecting the public opinions.  
meaningful
inaccurate
satisfying
successful
BestAnswer:B
详解:答案B。文章第一段告诉我们,最初的选举前的民意测验反映的仅仅是地方性的、局部的意见,由此可见它们在反映民意方面是不够准确的。


2.All of the following are the characteristics of the inquiries are mentioned in the second paragraph except______.  
a large number of questionaires were sent out
quantity rather than quality was emphasized
almost no effort was made to interview people from every walk of life
every publication in America got involved
BestAnswer:D
详解:答案D。从文章第二段可知,这些调查共同的特点是重量不重质,错误地认为发出去的问卷越多结果就越准确,而且调查的对象缺乏广泛性。由此可见,A,B,C三项都是这些民意调查的特点,而D项既不符合事实,也谈不上是什么特点。


3.We can infer from the passage that in the beginning the newspaper editors were ________ Gallup's system. 
doubtful of
enthusiastic about
displeased with
indignant at
BestAnswer:A
详解:答案A。由文章第四段可知,盖洛普花了很长时间才说服35位报纸编辑采用他的调查方法。由此可断定,对他的方法编辑们起初是持怀疑态度的。B项不符合事实,C项和D项在文中也找不到依据。
 

4.We can infer from the passage that in the early 1930s ________.  
Gallup was a famous journalist
the Literary Digest like to break records
the Literary Digest was the biggest monthly in America
the method of the Literary Digest was popular and well-received
BestAnswer:D
详解:答案D。盖洛普当时只是个年轻的记者,费了很大的劲才说服别人采用他的调查方法,所以A项是不正确的。文中虽然两次提到《文摘》月刊保持和打破纪录,但不能由此推断它喜欢破纪录,所以B项也不是正确答案。C项在文中找不到依据,所以也不对。只有D项是正确的推论,因为文章第二段的最后一句话告诉我们,《文摘》对1932年选举的预测误差仅为百分之一,而且第四段又说编辑们给盖洛普提的条件是如果他的预测不如《文摘》准确,他就得掏钱负担整个调查的费用,可见《文摘》采用的方法是为大多数人所接受的。
 

5.Gallup's system proved to be ________.  
much cheaper
a great failure
a huge success
much costly
BestAnswer:C
详解:答案C。看懂文章的最后一句即可确定正确答案是C. whereas Gallup’s was off by less than 1 percent意为“而盖洛普的预测误差不到百分之一”。
 

河北学位英语网络辅导方案
辅导班次学习内容主讲教师课时原价优惠价试听报名
精讲班
查看详情》
韩丽 王海洋
60
¥450
¥198
报名
强化班答题技巧讲解
查看详情》
韩丽 王海洋
20
¥260
¥98
报名
相关文章
网络课堂MORE>
强化班
报名
精讲班
报名
网校名师MORE>
河北学位英语专家,讲授河北学位英语10余年,出版学位英语相关图书20余本,能够让基础薄弱和基础较差的考生一次性顺利通过考试。... 详细信息
考试用书MORE>
学员心声MORE>
历时将近两个月的时间终于通过了学位英语考试,在备考的过程中遇到了无数的困难和障碍,都在网校的同学和老师的帮助下度过了。谢谢了!
参加了学位英语网的课程之后,主要是学到了解决问题的方法,不用再死背单词,这是我感到最欣慰的事情!
感谢31省市学位英语网,高效的学习方法,最新的学习资料,最顶尖的教学团队,合理的学习安排和人性的管理!
友情链接: