欢迎您,请登录 或注册
设为首页 | 点击收藏 | 咨询热线:QQ:1464534191 
报考
辅导
试题
网校
面授
    您现在的位置:31省市学位英语网>>河南>>阅读理解
2015年河南自考学位英语考试辅导资料:阅读理解练习
2015-09-25 17:08     来源:31省市学位英语网编辑整理  [ ]

Passage Two

What is exactly a lie? Is it anything we say which we know is untrue? Or is it something more than that? For example, suppose a friend wants to borrow some money from you, you say: I wish I could help you but I’m short of money myself. In fact, you are not short of money, but your friend is in the habit of not paying his debts and you don’t want to hurt his feelings by reminding him of this. Is this really a lie?

A scientific study of lying shows women are better liars than men, particularly when telling a “white lie” such as when a woman at a party tells another woman that she likes her dress when she really thinks it looks terrible. However, this is only one side of the story. Other researches show that men are more likely to tell more serious lies, such as making a promise which they have no intention of fulfilling. This is the kind of lie politicians and businessmen are supposed to be particularly skilled at: the lie from which the liar hopes to profit or gain in some way.

Research has also been done into the way people’s behavior changes in a number of small, apparently unimportant ways when they lie. It has been found that if they are sitting down at the same time, they tend to move about in their chairs more than usual. To the trained observer they are saying I wish I were somewhere else now.

 

1. This passage tells us that ________.

  A. telling lies is often necessary in order to avoid being defeated

  B. telling lies is often bad because people ought not to be dishonest

  C. telling lies is sometimes necessary in order not to hurt someone else’s feelings

  D. telling lies is not bad at all in most cases

2. In Paragraph 2, the sentence “Women are better liars than men do.” probably means ________.

A. women are better at telling lies than men

  B. women liars are better accepted than men

  C. women have a better intention when telling lies

  D. women tell fewer lies than men do

3. A “white lie” means ________.

  A. a lie that is completely unbelievable           B. a lie that is told with a good will

  C. a lie that is always believable                            D. a lie that often has an evil purpose

4. Politicians and businessmen are supposed to be skilled at telling the kind of lies ________.

  A. from which they may gain some advantages

  B. that seems to be believable

  C. that women are most likely to believe

  D. with which they can have better relationship with others

5. It can be concluded from the passage that ________.

  A. there is a simple way of finding out if someone is lying

  B. from some ways people behave we can know they are lying

  C. certain emotions are proof of lying

 

  D. in some situations women are most likely to think businessmen are dishonest

 

答案与解析:

1. C【解析】第一段作者举的例子,可以得出C“有时为了不伤害其他人的感情说谎是必须的”正确。其它选项的信息在文中没有明确出现。

2. C【解析】从第二段作者举例可知女人更爱说“white lie”,即善意的谎言,而男人更有可能说一些严重的谎话。所以C选项“女人说谎时有较好的意图”符合原文。A选项说的太笼统,女人仅在说“white lie”时比男人擅长,而说“serious lie”则不及男人;BD选项所给信息并未在文中出现。

3. B【解析】white lie”的意思是善意的谎言,从文中第二段女人说谎所举的例子也可以推断出B选项“带有善意所说的谎”为正确答案。

4. A【解析】第二段最后一句“政治家和商人尤其擅长说这种谎话,即可从这些谎言中赚钱或获利。”而A选项“他们或许可以从中赢得一些好处”与之相一致。

 

5. B【解析】第三段第一句“对人们行为举止的研究表明:当人们说谎时,会以大量不起眼的、表面上不重要的方式改变自己的举止”为主题句,文章所得出的结论为B选项“从人们的一些行为举止,我们能够知道他们在说谎”,与主题句相一致。

 

河南学位英语网络辅导方案
辅导班次学习内容主讲教师课时原价优惠价试听报名
精讲班
查看详情》
韩丽 王海洋
60
¥450
¥198
报名
强化班
查看详情》
韩丽 王海洋
20
¥260
¥98
报名
相关文章
网络课堂MORE>
强化班
报名
精讲班
报名
网校名师MORE>
河南学位英语专家,讲授河南学位英语10余年,出版学位英语相关图书20余本,能够让基础薄弱和基础较差的考生一次性顺利通过考试。讲课简单... 详细信息
考试用书MORE>
学员心声MORE>
历时将近两个月的时间终于通过了学位英语考试,在备考的过程中遇到了无数的困难和障碍,都在网校的同学和老师的帮助下度过了。谢谢了!
参加了学位英语网的课程之后,主要是学到了解决问题的方法,不用再死背单词,这是我感到最欣慰的事情!
感谢31省市学位英语网,高效的学习方法,最新的学习资料,最顶尖的教学团队,合理的学习安排和人性的管理!
友情链接: